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Items: 1 to 20 of 36

1.

Frequency

MedGen UID:
91210
Concept ID:
C0376249
Temporal Concept
2.

Leukemia

Leukemia is cancer of the white blood cells. White blood cells help your body fight infection. Your blood cells form in your bone marrow. In leukemia, the bone marrow produces abnormal white blood cells. These cells crowd out the healthy blood cells, making it hard for blood to do its work. There are different types of leukemia, including. -Acute lymphocytic leukemia. -Acute myeloid leukemia. -Chronic lymphocytic leukemia. -Chronic myeloid leukemia. Leukemia can develop quickly or slowly. Chronic leukemia grows slowly. In acute leukemia, the cells are very abnormal and their number increases rapidly. Adults can get either type; children with leukemia most often have an acute type. Some leukemias can often be cured. Other types are hard to cure, but you can often control them. Treatments may include chemotherapy, radiation and stem cell transplantation. Even if symptoms disappear, you might need therapy to prevent a relapse. NIH: National Cancer Institute.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
9725
Concept ID:
C0023418
Neoplastic Process
3.

Infant Leukemia

An acute lymphoblastic or acute myeloid leukemia that occurs in infancy. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
885468
Concept ID:
C4054726
Neoplastic Process
4.

Childhood Leukemia

Leukemia is cancer of the white blood cells. It is the most common type of childhood cancer. Your blood cells form in your bone marrow. White blood cells help your body fight infection. In leukemia, the bone marrow produces abnormal white blood cells. These cells crowd out the healthy blood cells, making it hard for blood to do its work. Leukemia can develop quickly or slowly. Acute leukemia is a fast growing type while chronic leukemia grows slowly. Children with leukemia usually have one of the acute types. . Symptoms include. -Infections. -Fever. -Loss of appetite. -Tiredness. -Easy bruising or bleeding. -Swollen lymph nodes. -Night sweats. -Shortness of breath. -Pain in the bones or joints. Risk factors for childhood leukemia include having a brother or sister with leukemia, having certain genetic disorders and having had radiation or chemotherapy. Treatment often cures childhood leukemia. Treatment options include chemotherapy, other drug therapy and radiation. In some cases bone marrow and blood stem cell transplantation might help. . NIH: National Cancer Institute.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
234132
Concept ID:
C1332977
Neoplastic Process
5.

Acute myeloid leukemia

CEBPA-associated familial acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is defined as AML in which a heterozygous germline CEBPA pathogenic variant is present in a family in which multiple individuals have AML. In contrast, sporadic CEBPA-associated AML is defined as AML in which a CEBPA pathogenic variant(s) is identified in leukemic cells but not in the non-leukemic cells. Too few individuals with CEBPA-associated familial AML have been reported to be certain about the natural history of the disease. In the majority of individuals, the age of onset of familial AML appears to be earlier than sporadic AML; disease onset has been reported in persons as young as age 1.8 years and older than age 45 years. The prognosis of CEBPA-associated familial AML appears to be favorable compared with sporadic CEBPA-associated AML. Individuals with CEBPA-associated familial AML who have been cured of their initial disease may be at greater risk of developing additional independent leukemic episodes in addition to the risk of relapse due to preexisting clones. [from GeneReviews]

MedGen UID:
9730
Concept ID:
C0023467
Neoplastic Process
6.

Myeloid leukemia

A leukemia that originates from a myeloid cell, that is the blood forming cells of the bone marrow. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
7320
Concept ID:
C0023470
Neoplastic Process
7.

Detected

The measurement of the specified component / analyte, organism or clinical sign above the limit of detection of the performed test or procedure.  [from HL7]

MedGen UID:
617726
Concept ID:
C0442726
Finding
8.

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia

A form of acute leukemia characterized by excess lympoblasts. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
505958
Concept ID:
CN005851
Finding
9.

Acute myeloid leukemia

A form of leukemia characterized by overproduction of an early myeloid cell. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
505691
Concept ID:
CN004254
Finding
10.

Mixed lineage leukemia

MedGen UID:
468806
Concept ID:
CN122539
Disease or Syndrome
11.

Primary cortisol resistance

MedGen UID:
443921
Concept ID:
C2930863
Disease or Syndrome
12.

Frequent

Coming at short intervals or in great quantities. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
87144
Concept ID:
C0332183
Temporal Concept
13.

Acute

Sudden appearance of disease manifestations over a short period of time. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
61381
Concept ID:
C0205178
Temporal Concept
14.

Acute leukemia

A clonal (malignant) hematopoietic disorder with an acute onset, affecting the bone marrow and the peripheral blood. The malignant cells show minimal differentiation and are called blasts, either myeloid blasts (myeloblasts) or lymphoid blasts (lymphoblasts). [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
43225
Concept ID:
C0085669
Neoplastic Process
15.

Chromosomal translocation

Any type of genetic recombination involving exchange of DNA between non-homologous chromosomes, which often occurs as the result of non-homologous end-joining of broken DNA strands. Chromosomal translocation is involved in repairing broken DNA and in maintaining cell viability at the expense of long term genomic stability. This process is is associated with particular types of leukemia, infertility and Down Syndrome. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
21243
Concept ID:
C0040715
Cell or Molecular Dysfunction
16.

Acute lymphoid leukemia

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), also known as acute lymphocytic leukemia, is a subtype of acute leukemia, a cancer of the white blood cells. Somatically acquired mutations in several genes have been identified in ALL lymphoblasts, cells in the early stages of differentiation. Germline variation in certain genes may also predispose to susceptibility to ALL (Trevino et al., 2009). Genetic Heterogeneity of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia A susceptibility locus for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL1) has been mapped to chromosome 10q21. See also ALL2 (613067), which has been mapped to chromosome 7p12.2; and ALL3 (615545), which is caused by mutation in the PAX5 gene (167414) on chromosome 9p. [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
7317
Concept ID:
C0023449
Neoplastic Process
17.

Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma

A neoplasm characterized by abnormalities of the lymphoid cell precursors leading to excessive lymphoblasts in the marrow and other organs. It is the most common cancer in children and accounts for the vast majority of all childhood leukemias. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
409528
Concept ID:
C1961102
Neoplastic Process
18.

Acute myeloid leukemia with maturation

An acute myeloid leukemia (AML) characterized by blasts with evidence of maturation to more mature neutrophils. (WHO, 2001) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
361829
Concept ID:
C1879321
Neoplastic Process
19.

Lymphatism

MedGen UID:
141817
Concept ID:
C0524631
Disease or Syndrome
20.

Mutagenesis Process

Process of generating a genetic MUTATION. It may occur spontaneously or be induced by MUTAGENS. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
86969
Concept ID:
C0079866
Molecular Function
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