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Items: 1 to 20 of 42

1.

Multiple self-healing squamous epithelioma

Multiple self-healing squamous epithelioma (also known as Ferguson-Smith disease (FSD)) is a rare inherited skin cancer syndrome characterized by the development of multiple locally invasive skin tumors resembling keratoacanthomas of the face and limbs which usually heal spontaneously after several months leaving pitted scars. [from ORDO]

MedGen UID:
911012
Concept ID:
CN205468
Disease or Syndrome
2.

Multiple self healing squamous epithelioma

Individuals with multiple self-healing squamous epithelioma (MSSE) develop multiple invasive skin tumors that undergo spontaneous regression leaving pitted scars. Age at onset is highly variable, ranging from 8 to 62 years. The disorder shows autosomal dominant inheritance, and most affected families have originated from western Scotland (Bose et al., 2006). MSSE has been considered to be a variety of multiple keratoacanthoma (Biskind et al., 1957; Haydey et al., 1980). [from GTR]

MedGen UID:
154270
Concept ID:
C0546476
Neoplastic Process
3.

Marfan syndrome

Marfan syndrome, a systemic disorder of connective tissue with a high degree of clinical variability, comprises a broad phenotypic continuum ranging from mild (features of Marfan syndrome in one or a few systems) to severe and rapidly progressive neonatal multi-organ disease. Cardinal manifestations involve the ocular, skeletal, and cardiovascular systems. Ocular findings include myopia (the most common ocular feature); ectopia lentis (seen in approximately 60% of affected individuals); and an increased risk for retinal detachment, glaucoma, and early cataracts. Skeletal system manifestations include bone overgrowth and joint laxity; disproportionately long extremities for the size of the trunk (dolichostenomelia); overgrowth of the ribs that can push the sternum in (pectus excavatum) or out (pectus carinatum); and scoliosis that ranges from mild to severe and progressive. The major morbidity and early mortality in the Marfan syndrome relate to the cardiovascular system and include dilatation of the aorta at the level of the sinuses of Valsalva (predisposing to aortic tear and rupture), mitral valve prolapse with or without regurgitation, tricuspid valve prolapse, and enlargement of the proximal pulmonary artery. Severe and prolonged regurgitation of the mitral and/or aortic valve can predispose to left ventricular dysfunction and occasionally heart failure. With proper management, the life expectancy of someone with Marfan syndrome approximates that of the general population. [from GTR]

MedGen UID:
44287
Concept ID:
C0024796
Disease or Syndrome
4.

Syndrome

A characteristic symptom complex. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
11688
Concept ID:
C0039082
Disease or Syndrome
5.

Multiple congenital anomalies

Congenital abnormalities that affect more than one organ or body structure. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
7806
Concept ID:
C0000772
Congenital Abnormality
6.

Carcinoma

A malignant neoplasm made up of epithelial cells tending to infiltrate the surrounding tissues and give rise to metastases. It is a histological type of neoplasm but is often wrongly used as a synonym for "cancer." (From Dorland, 27th ed) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
2867
Concept ID:
C0007097
Neoplastic Process
7.

Carcinoma

MedGen UID:
910818
Concept ID:
CN241453
Finding
8.

MULTIPLE SELF-HEALING SQUAMOUS EPITHELIOMA, SUSCEPTIBILITY TO

MedGen UID:
895682
Concept ID:
C4083047
Finding
9.

Independent

MedGen UID:
721426
Concept ID:
C1299583
Finding
10.

Borries syndrome

MedGen UID:
542920
Concept ID:
C0270677
Disease or Syndrome
11.

Ligand Binding

Ligand Binding is the tight and specific (high affinity) interaction between a small molecule (typically) and a macromolecule (usually protein) that ordinarily results in modification of its function, e.g., antigen-antibody binding, hormone- or neurotransmitter-receptor binding. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
309303
Concept ID:
C1517880
Molecular Function
12.

Autosomal dominant inheritance

A mode of inheritance that is observed for traits related to a gene encoded on one of the autosomes (i.e., the human chromosomes 1-22) in which a trait manifests in heterozygotes. In the context of medical genetics, an autosomal dominant disorder is caused when a single copy of the mutant allele is present. Males and females are affected equally, and can both transmit the disorder with a risk of 50% for each child of inheriting the mutant allele. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
141047
Concept ID:
C0443147
Genetic Function; Intellectual Product
13.

Unrelated

Not connected or associated e.g. by kinship. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
99027
Concept ID:
C0445356
Finding
14.

Neoplasm of the skin

A primary or metastatic tumor involving the skin. Primary malignant skin tumors most often are carcinomas (either basal cell or squamous cell carcinomas that arise from cells in the epidermis) or melanomas that arise from pigment-containing skin melanocytes. Metastatic tumors to the skin include carcinomas and lymphomas. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
40101
Concept ID:
C0007114
Neoplastic Process
15.

Epithelial Neoplasm

A benign or malignant neoplasm that arises from and is composed of epithelial cells. This category include adenomas, papillomas, and carcinomas. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
277963
Concept ID:
C1368683
Neoplastic Process
16.

Inborn genetic diseases

Diseases that are caused by genetic mutations present during embryo or fetal development, although they may be observed later in life. The mutations may be inherited from a parent's genome or they may be acquired in utero. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
181981
Concept ID:
C0950123
Disease or Syndrome
17.

Abnormality of the cardiovascular system

Any abnormality of the cardiovascular system. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
116727
Concept ID:
C0243050
Disease or Syndrome
18.

Nonsense mutation

A mutation that converts a sense codon (CODON) into a stop codon (CODON, TERMINATOR) or an unassigned codon and leads to the formation of truncated proteins. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
107464
Concept ID:
C0544885
Cell or Molecular Dysfunction
19.

Carcinomatosis

Carcinoma that has spread diffusely to an anatomic site or throughout the body. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
104704
Concept ID:
C0205699
Neoplastic Process
20.

Frameshift Mutation

A mutation occurring within the protein-coding region of a gene which results in a shift in the reading frame of the encoded protein. Frameshift mutations often result in the premature truncation of a gene product. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
86908
Concept ID:
C0079380
Cell or Molecular Dysfunction
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