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Items: 9

1.

Dengue

Dengue is an infection caused by a virus. You can get it if an infected mosquito bites you. Dengue does not spread from person to person. It is common in warm, wet areas of the world. Outbreaks occur in the rainy season. Dengue is rare in the United States. . Symptoms include a high fever, headaches, joint and muscle pain, vomiting, and a rash. In some cases, dengue turns into dengue hemorrhagic fever, which causes bleeding from your nose, gums, or under your skin. It can also become dengue shock syndrome, which causes massive bleeding and shock. These forms of dengue are life-threatening. There is no specific treatment. Most people with dengue recover within 2 weeks. Until then, drinking lots of fluids, resting and taking non-aspirin fever-reducing medicines might help. People with the more severe forms of dengue usually need to go to the hospital and get fluids. To lower your risk when traveling in dengue-prone countries . - Wear insect repellent with DEET . - Wear clothes that cover your arms, legs and feet . - Close unscreened doors and windows . NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
3721
Concept ID:
C0011311
Disease or Syndrome
2.

disease transmission

Transmission of disease from one individual to another. [from PSY]

MedGen UID:
66979
Concept ID:
C0242781
Pathologic Function
3.

Focal

In terms of cancer, limited to a specific area. [from NCI_NCI-GLOSS]

MedGen UID:
61391
Concept ID:
C0205234
Spatial Concept
4.

Disease due to Flaviviridae

Infections with viruses of the family FLAVIVIRIDAE. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
104898
Concept ID:
C0206609
Disease or Syndrome
5.

Disease due to Flavivirus

Infections with viruses of the genus FLAVIVIRUS, family FLAVIVIRIDAE. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
61641
Concept ID:
C0206608
Disease or Syndrome
6.

Viral disease

Viruses are capsules with genetic material inside. They are very tiny, much smaller than bacteria. Viruses cause familiar infectious diseases such as the common cold, flu and warts. They also cause severe illnesses such as HIV/AIDS, smallpox and hemorrhagic fevers. . Viruses are like hijackers. They invade living, normal cells and use those cells to multiply and produce other viruses like themselves. This eventually kills the cells, which can make you sick. Viral infections are hard to treat because viruses live inside your body's cells. They are protected from medicines, which usually move through your bloodstream. Antibiotics do not work for viral infections. There are a few antiviral medicines available. Vaccines can help prevent you from getting many viral diseases. NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
53027
Concept ID:
C0042769
Disease or Syndrome
7.

RNA Virus Infections

Diseases caused by RNA VIRUSES. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
11250
Concept ID:
C0035690
Disease or Syndrome
8.

Viral hemorrhagic fever

Viral hemorrhagic fevers (VHFs) are a group of illnesses caused by four families of viruses. These include the Ebola and Marburg, Lassa fever, and yellow fever viruses. VHFs have common features: they affect many organs, they damage the blood vessels, and they affect the body's ability to regulate itself. Some VHFs cause mild disease, but some, like Ebola or Marburg, cause severe disease and death. VHFs are found around the world. Specific diseases are usually limited to areas where the animals that carry them live. For example, Lassa fever is limited to rural areas of West Africa where rats and mice carry the virus. The risk for travelers is low, but you should avoid visiting areas where there are disease outbreaks. Because there are no effective treatments for some of these viral infections, there is concern about their use in bioterrorism. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
9213
Concept ID:
C0019104
Disease or Syndrome
9.

Arbovirus infection

Infections caused by arthropod-borne viruses, general or unspecified. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
389
Concept ID:
C0003723
Disease or Syndrome
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