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Items: 1 to 20 of 21

1.

Benzoate

MedGen UID:
67406
Concept ID:
C0220795
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
2.

Oxygen

An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight 16. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
45267
Concept ID:
C0030054
Biologically Active Substance; Element, Ion, or Isotope; Pharmacologic Substance
3.

Glucose

A primary source of energy for living organisms. It is naturally occurring and is found in fruits and other parts of plants in its free state. It is used therapeutically in fluid and nutrient replacement. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
42238
Concept ID:
C0017725
Biologically Active Substance; Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
4.

Process

MedGen UID:
923307
Concept ID:
C1951340
Pharmacologic Substance
5.

Indicated

MedGen UID:
731837
Concept ID:
C1444656
Finding
6.

Vitamin requirement

MedGen UID:
641190
Concept ID:
C0556070
Finding
7.

Fumarate

MedGen UID:
526117
Concept ID:
C0220833
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
8.

Aromatic

Having an odor, which often is pleasant or spicy. [from NCI_NCI-GLOSS]

MedGen UID:
452735
Concept ID:
C0772162
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
9.

Vitamin, Other

Organic substances belonging to diverse chemical families and present in foods in minute amounts, Vitamins are essential to normal metabolism and biochemical functions, usually as coenzymes. Vitamins can be classified by solubility: lipo-soluble (vitamins A, D, E, K, F) and water-soluble (B- complex). Lack of one or more vitamins in the diet cause metabolic deficiency diseases. (NCI04) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
203015
Concept ID:
C0973669
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance; Vitamin
10.

Dependence

The psychological or physiological need to take a substance in oder to experience its effects or to avoid the effects of its absence. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
141006
Concept ID:
C0439857
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
11.

Source

Where something is available or from where it originates. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
99076
Concept ID:
C0449416
Finding
12.

Stress

The negative mental, emotional, and physical reactions that occur when environmental stressors are perceived as exceeding the individual's adaptive capacities. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
20971
Concept ID:
C0038435
Finding
13.

Oxidation

The process of oxidizing; the addition of oxygen to a compound accompanied by a loss of electrons. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
18242
Concept ID:
C0030011
Molecular Function
14.

Vitamin preparation

A group of organic food substances found in animals and plants in small quantities. They must be supplied in diet or dietary supplement and are essential for normal metabolism. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
12117
Concept ID:
C0042890
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance; Vitamin
15.

Metabolic Networks and Pathways

Complex sets of enzymatic reactions connected to each other via their product and substrate metabolites. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
328456
Concept ID:
C1721099
Molecular Function
16.

Iron agent

A metallic element with atomic symbol Fe, atomic number 26, and atomic weight 55.85. It is an essential constituent of HEMOGLOBINS; CYTOCHROMES; and IRON-BINDING PROTEINS. It plays a role in cellular redox reactions and in the transport of OXYGEN. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
137068
Concept ID:
C0302583
Biologically Active Substance; Element, Ion, or Isotope; Pharmacologic Substance
17.

Frameshift Mutation

A mutation occurring within the protein-coding region of a gene which results in a shift in the reading frame of the encoded protein. Frameshift mutations often result in the premature truncation of a gene product. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
86908
Concept ID:
C0079380
Cell or Molecular Dysfunction
18.

Carbohydrate Metabolic Process

Processes concerned with the synthesis, breakdown, and oxidation of carbohydrates in the tissues. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
86224
Concept ID:
C0302820
Molecular Function
19.

Pyruvic acid

An intermediate compound in the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. In thiamine deficiency, its oxidation is retarded and it accumulates in the tissues, especially in nervous structures. (From Stedman, 26th ed) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
22215
Concept ID:
C0072802
Biologically Active Substance; Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
20.

Oxidation-reduction

A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471). [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
18243
Concept ID:
C0030012
Molecular Function
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