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Items: 14

1.

Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacteria usually attack the lungs, but they can also damage other parts of the body. . TB spreads through the air when a person with TB of the lungs or throat coughs, sneezes, or talks. If you have been exposed, you should go to your doctor for tests. You are more likely to get TB if you have a weak immune system. Symptoms of TB in the lungs may include. - A bad cough that lasts 3 weeks or longer. - Weight loss. - Loss of appetite. - Coughing up blood or mucus. - Weakness or fatigue . - Fever. - Night sweats. Skin tests, blood tests, x-rays, and other tests can tell if you have TB. If not treated properly, TB can be deadly. You can usually cure active TB by taking several medicines for a long period of time. NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
22513
Concept ID:
C0041296
Disease or Syndrome
2.

Rifampin

A semisynthetic derivative of rifamycin with broad antibacterial activity. Rifampin inhibits DNA-dependent RNA polymerase in susceptible bacteria and is often used in combination with other antibiotics for various infections including tuberculosis. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
20586
Concept ID:
C0035608
Antibiotic; Organic Chemical
3.

Primary cortisol resistance

MedGen UID:
443921
Concept ID:
C2930863
Disease or Syndrome
4.

Very slow

MedGen UID:
618249
Concept ID:
C0443347
Finding
5.

Thymus Epithelial Neoplasm

An epithelial neoplasm that affects the thymus gland. This category includes thymomas and carcinomas. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
220416
Concept ID:
C1266101
Neoplastic Process
6.

Antimicrobial substance

Any substance or process that kills germs (bacteria, viruses, and other microorganisms that can cause infection and disease). [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
209727
Concept ID:
C1136254
Pharmacologic Substance
7.

Rifadin

MedGen UID:
195947
Concept ID:
C0699924
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
8.

Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections

Infections caused by bacteria that retain the crystal violet stain (positive) when treated by the gram-staining method. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
39283
Concept ID:
C0085426
Disease or Syndrome
9.

Bacterial Infections

Bacteria are living things that have only one cell. Under a microscope, they look like balls, rods, or spirals. They are so small that a line of 1,000 could fit across a pencil eraser. Most bacteria won't hurt you - less than 1 percent of the different types make people sick. Many are helpful. Some bacteria help to digest food, destroy disease-causing cells, and give the body needed vitamins. Bacteria are also used in making healthy foods like yogurt and cheese. But infectious bacteria can make you ill. They reproduce quickly in your body. Many give off chemicals called toxins, which can damage tissue and make you sick. Examples of bacteria that cause infections include Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, and E. coli. Antibiotics are the usual treatment. When you take antibiotics, follow the directions carefully. Each time you take antibiotics, you increase the chances that bacteria in your body will learn to resist them causing antibiotic resistance. Later, you could get or spread an infection that those antibiotics cannot cure. NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
14012
Concept ID:
C0004623
Disease or Syndrome
10.

Antitubercular Agents

Drugs used in the treatment of tuberculosis. They are divided into two main classes: "first-line" agents, those with the greatest efficacy and acceptable degrees of toxicity used successfully in the great majority of cases; and "second-line" drugs used in drug-resistant cases or those in which some other patient-related condition has compromised the effectiveness of primary therapy. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
8146
Concept ID:
C0003448
Pharmacologic Substance
11.

Mycobacteriosis

Mycobacteria are a type of germ. There are many different kinds. The most common one causes tuberculosis. Another one causes leprosy. Still others cause infections that are called atypical mycobacterial infections. They aren't typical because they don't cause tuberculosis. But they can still harm people, especially people with other problems that affect their immunity, such as AIDS. Sometimes you can have these infections with no symptoms at all. At other times, they can cause lung symptoms similar to tuberculosis:. -Cough. -Weight loss. -Coughing up blood or mucus. -Weakness or fatigue. -Fever and chills. -Night sweats. -Lack of appetite and weight loss. Medicines can treat these infections, but often more than one is needed to cure the infection.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
6479
Concept ID:
C0026918
Disease or Syndrome
12.

Bacterial Infections and Mycoses

Infections caused by bacteria and fungi, general, specified, or unspecified. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
2161
Concept ID:
C0004615
Disease or Syndrome
13.

Actinomycetales Infections

Infections with bacteria of the order ACTINOMYCETALES. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
1732
Concept ID:
C0001255
Disease or Syndrome
14.

Anti-Infective Agents

Substances that prevent infectious agents or organisms from spreading or kill infectious agents in order to prevent the spread of infection. (MeSH) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
324
Concept ID:
C0003204
Pharmacologic Substance
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