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Items: 1 to 20 of 25

1.

Citrate

MedGen UID:
87669
Concept ID:
C0376259
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
2.

Threonine

An essential amino acid in humans (provided by food), Threonine is an important residue of many proteins, such as tooth enamel, collagen, and elastin. An important amino acid for the nervous system, threonine also plays an important role in porphyrin and fat metabolism and prevents fat buildup in the liver. Useful with intestinal disorders and indigestion, threonine has also been used to alleviate anxiety and mild depression. (NCI04) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
52734
Concept ID:
C0040005
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Biologically Active Substance; Pharmacologic Substance
3.

Oxygen

An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight 16. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
45267
Concept ID:
C0030054
Biologically Active Substance; Element, Ion, or Isotope; Pharmacologic Substance
4.

Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide

A coenzyme composed of ribosylnicotinamide 5'-diphosphate coupled to adenosine 5'-phosphate by pyrophosphate linkage. It is found widely in nature and is involved in numerous enzymatic reactions in which it serves as an electron carrier by being alternately oxidized (NAD+) and reduced (NADH). (Dorland, 27th ed) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
44575
Concept ID:
C0027270
Biologically Active Substance; Nucleic Acid, Nucleoside, or Nucleotide; Pharmacologic Substance
5.

Glucose

A primary source of energy for living organisms. It is naturally occurring and is found in fruits and other parts of plants in its free state. It is used therapeutically in fluid and nutrient replacement. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
42238
Concept ID:
C0017725
Biologically Active Substance; Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
6.

Obesity

MedGen UID:
18127
Concept ID:
C0028754
Disease or Syndrome
7.

Serine

A non-essential amino acid in humans (synthesized by the body), Serine is present and functionally important in many proteins. With an alcohol group, serine is needed for the metabolism of fats, fatty acids, and cell membranes; muscle growth; and a healthy immune system. It also plays a major role in pyrimidine, purine, creatine, and porphyrin biosynthetic pathways. Serine is also found at the active site of the serine protease enzyme class that includes trypsin and chymotrypsin. (NCI04) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
11382
Concept ID:
C0036720
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Biologically Active Substance; Pharmacologic Substance
8.

Phosphorylation

The creation of a phosphate derivative of an organic molecule. This is usually achieved by transferring a phosphate group from ATP via the action of a kinase. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
10742
Concept ID:
C0031715
Molecular Function
9.

Metabolic induction

The conversion of an exogenous substance by a biological system resulting in the production on an active metabolite. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
7561
Concept ID:
C0025513
Molecular Function
10.

Genetic obesity

MedGen UID:
833143
Concept ID:
CN229177
Finding
11.

Obesity

MedGen UID:
368429
Concept ID:
C1963185
Finding
12.

Neutrophil actin dysfunction

MedGen UID:
338036
Concept ID:
C1850380
Disease or Syndrome
13.

Deacetylation

Deacetylation is the covalent chemical or post-translational biochemical removal of an acetyl group(s) from organic compounds. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
268332
Concept ID:
C1511737
Molecular Function
14.

Mitochondrial inheritance

A mode of inheritance that is observed for traits related to a gene encoded on the mitochondrial genome. Because the mitochondrial genome is essentially always maternally inherited, a mitochondrial condition can only be transmitted by females, although the condition can affect both sexes. The proportion of mutant mitochondria can vary (heteroplasmy). [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
165802
Concept ID:
C0887941
Genetic Function
15.

Ameliorated by

An ameliorating factor is defined as an external factor that leads to the manifestation of a sign or symptom in a person improving or becoming more bearable. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
83049
Concept ID:
C0332161
Qualitative Concept
16.

Inhibition

MedGen UID:
5809
Concept ID:
C0021469
Molecular Function
17.

Nutritional disorder

Any condition related to a disturbance between proper intake and utilization of nourishment. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
811347
Concept ID:
C3714509
Disease or Syndrome
18.

Disorder of hyperalimentation

An imbalanced NUTRITIONAL STATUS resulting from excessive intake of nutrients. Generally, overnutrition generates an energy imbalance between food consumption and energy expenditure leading to disorders such as OBESITY. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
219760
Concept ID:
C1257763
Disease or Syndrome
19.

Overweight

A condition in which body mass index falls between 25 and 29.9. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
105424
Concept ID:
C0497406
Finding
20.

Sugar

A white crystalline carbohydrate, typically sucrose, used as a sweetener and preservative. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
69157
Concept ID:
C0242209
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
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