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Items: 1 to 20 of 38

1.

Malignant Lung Neoplasm

Lung cancer is one of the most common cancers in the world. It is a leading cause of cancer death in men and women in the United States. Cigarette smoking causes most lung cancers. The more cigarettes you smoke per day and the earlier you started smoking, the greater your risk of lung cancer. High levels of pollution, radiation and asbestos exposure may also increase risk. . Common symptoms of lung cancer include. -A cough that doesn't go away and gets worse over time. -Constant chest pain. -Coughing up blood. -Shortness of breath, wheezing, or hoarseness. -Repeated problems with pneumonia or bronchitis. -Swelling of the neck and face. -Loss of appetite or weight loss. -Fatigue. Doctors diagnose lung cancer using a physical exam, imaging, and lab tests. Treatment depends on the type, stage, and how advanced it is. Treatments include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and targeted therapy. Targeted therapy uses substances that attack cancer cells without harming normal cells. NIH: National Cancer Institute.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
66885
Concept ID:
C0242379
Neoplastic Process
2.

lung cancer

MedGen UID:
880193
Concept ID:
CN235597
Finding
3.

Furriers lung

MedGen UID:
538594
Concept ID:
C0264476
Disease or Syndrome
4.

Coffee-workers lung

MedGen UID:
538589
Concept ID:
C0264468
Disease or Syndrome
5.

Cheese-washers lung

MedGen UID:
507549
Concept ID:
C0007969
Disease or Syndrome
6.

Lung cancer

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths in the U.S. and worldwide. The 2 major forms of lung cancer are nonsmall cell lung cancer and small cell lung cancer (see 182280), which account for 85% and 15% of all lung cancers, respectively. Nonsmall cell lung cancer can be divided into 3 major histologic subtypes: squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, and large cell lung cancer. Cigarette smoking causes all types of lung cancer, but it is most strongly linked with small cell lung cancer and squamous cell carcinoma. Adenocarcinoma is the most common type in patients who have never smoked. Nonsmall cell lung cancer is often diagnosed at an advanced stage and has a poor prognosis (summary by Herbst et al., 2008). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
195765
Concept ID:
C0684249
Neoplastic Process
7.

Epithelial Neoplasm

A benign or malignant neoplasm that arises from and is composed of epithelial cells. This category include adenomas, papillomas, and carcinomas. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
277963
Concept ID:
C1368683
Neoplastic Process
8.

Inositol

A nutrient in the vitamin B complex that the body needs in small amounts to function and stay healthy. Myoinositol helps cells make membranes and respond to messages from their environment. It has the same chemical formula as glucose (the chief source of energy for living organisms) but has a different arrangement of atoms. It is found in beans, peas, brown rice, wheat bran and nuts. It is water-soluble (can dissolve in water) and must be taken in every day. Myoinositol is being studied in the prevention of cancer. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
5819
Concept ID:
C0021547
Carbohydrate; Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance; Vitamin
9.

Error occurred: cannot get document summary

ID:
923307

10.

Error occurred: cannot get document summary

ID:
568174

11.

Thoracomelic dysplasia

MedGen UID:
336441
Concept ID:
C1848863
Disease or Syndrome
12.

Chemopreventive Agent

A natural or synthetic substance, such as a drug, vitamin, hormone, plant product or food supplement, that may reduce the risk of developing or recurrence of tumor formation. Chemopreventive agent may work at different stages and may inhibit the initiation, promotion, transformation, and/or progression of the malignant process. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
275718
Concept ID:
C1516463
Pharmacologic Substance
13.

Disease regression

Return to a former state; a subsidence of the symptoms of a disease process; in cancer, a decrease in the size of a tumor or in the extent of cancer in the body. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
195771
Concept ID:
C0684320
Pathologic Function
14.

Dysplasia

Cells that look abnormal under a microscope but are not cancer. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
87191
Concept ID:
C0334044
Neoplastic Process; Pathologic Function
15.

Tumorigenesis

A pathologic process that involves the transformation of normal cells to a neoplastic state and resulting in polyclonal or monoclonal neoplastic cell proliferation. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
3302
Concept ID:
C0007621
Neoplastic Process
16.

Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

Pharmacological activities at the molecular level of DRUGS and other exogenous compounds that are used to treat DISEASES and affect normal BIOCHEMISTRY. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
226255
Concept ID:
C1258062
Molecular Function
17.

Obstructive lung disease

Obstruction of conducting airways of the lung. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
154671
Concept ID:
C0600260
Disease or Syndrome
18.

Condition, Preneoplastic

cellular state in which there is evidence of intracellular changes which could lead to a neoplastic condition. [from CRISP]

MedGen UID:
129147
Concept ID:
C0282313
Neoplastic Process
19.

Sugar

A white crystalline carbohydrate, typically sucrose, used as a sweetener and preservative. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
69157
Concept ID:
C0242209
Carbohydrate; Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
20.

Enzyme activation

Conversion of an inactive form of an enzyme to one possessing metabolic activity. It includes 1, activation by ions (activators); 2, activation by cofactors (coenzymes); and 3, conversion of an enzyme precursor (proenzyme or zymogen) to an active enzyme. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
41819
Concept ID:
C0014429
Molecular Function
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