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Items: 10

1.

Infection

Invasion of the host organism by microorganisms that can cause pathological conditions or diseases. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
811352
Concept ID:
C3714514
Pathologic Function
2.

Tularemia

A plague-like disease of rodents, transmissible to man. It is caused by FRANCISELLA TULARENSIS and is characterized by fever, chills, headache, backache, and weakness. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
22520
Concept ID:
C0041351
Disease or Syndrome
3.

Causative agent

Definition: A factor, such as a microorganism, chemical substance, or form of radiation, whose presence, excessive presence, or (in deficiency diseases) relative absence is essential, in whole or in part, for the occurrence of a condition. Constraint: The use of this participation is limited to observations.  [from HL7]

MedGen UID:
623004
Concept ID:
C0449411
Finding
4.

Disease due to Gram-negative bacteria

Infections caused by bacteria that show up as pink (negative) when treated by the gram-staining method. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
88406
Concept ID:
C0085423
Disease or Syndrome
5.

Endopeptidases

nonEC category which corresponds to EC 3.4.21, EC 3.4.22, EC 3.4.23, EC 3.4.24, and EC 3.4.99. [from CRISP]

MedGen UID:
45389
Concept ID:
C0030946
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Enzyme; Pharmacologic Substance
6.

Second Messenger Systems

A non-proteinaceous signaling molecule that is generated by intracellular enzymes that respond to the binding of extracellular ligands to cell surface receptors. These compounds serve as intermediate signals for a diverse set of cellular processes. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
19914
Concept ID:
C0036522
Molecular Function
7.

Bacterial Infections

Bacteria are living things that have only one cell. Under a microscope, they look like balls, rods, or spirals. They are so small that a line of 1,000 could fit across a pencil eraser. Most bacteria won't hurt you - less than 1 percent of the different types make people sick. Many are helpful. Some bacteria help to digest food, destroy disease-causing cells, and give the body needed vitamins. Bacteria are also used in making healthy foods like yogurt and cheese. But infectious bacteria can make you ill. They reproduce quickly in your body. Many give off chemicals called toxins, which can damage tissue and make you sick. Examples of bacteria that cause infections include Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, and E. coli. Antibiotics are the usual treatment. When you take antibiotics, follow the directions carefully. Each time you take antibiotics, you increase the chances that bacteria in your body will learn to resist them causing antibiotic resistance. Later, you could get or spread an infection that those antibiotics cannot cure. NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
14012
Concept ID:
C0004623
Disease or Syndrome
8.

Interferon Type I

Interferon secreted by leukocytes, fibroblasts, or lymphoblasts in response to viruses or interferon inducers other than mitogens, antigens, or allo-antigens. They include alpha- and beta-interferons (INTERFERON-ALPHA and INTERFERON-BETA). [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
9509
Concept ID:
C0021743
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Immunologic Factor; Pharmacologic Substance
9.

Interferon

Proteins secreted by vertebrate cells in response to a wide variety of inducers. They confer resistance against many different viruses, inhibit proliferation of normal and malignant cells, impede multiplication of intracellular parasites, enhance macrophage and granulocyte phagocytosis, augment natural killer cell activity, and show several other immunomodulatory functions. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
5847
Concept ID:
C0021747
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Immunologic Factor; Pharmacologic Substance
10.

Bacterial Infections and Mycoses

Infections caused by bacteria and fungi, general, specified, or unspecified. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
2161
Concept ID:
C0004615
Disease or Syndrome
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