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Items: 1 to 20 of 26

1.

Carnitine

A constituent of STRIATED MUSCLE and LIVER. It is an amino acid derivative and an essential cofactor for fatty acid metabolism. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
40117
Concept ID:
C0007258
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Pharmacologic Substance
2.

Oxidative Stress

A disturbance in the prooxidant-antioxidant balance in favor of the former, leading to potential damage. Indicators of oxidative stress include damaged DNA bases, protein oxidation products, and lipid peroxidation products. The damage to biological tissues is caused by superoxide and other free radicals generated by many factors, including exposure to alcohol, medications, trauma, cold, toxins, and radiation or by antimicrobial cellular immunity, metabolic abnormality, or "normal" aging; not synonymous with hypoxia or hyperoxia. Oxidative stress promotes a range of degenerative disorders, including cancer, diabetes, premature aging, Alzheimer's, and many others. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
66929
Concept ID:
C0242606
Cell or Molecular Dysfunction
3.

Independent

MedGen UID:
721426
Concept ID:
C1299583
Finding
4.

Unrelated

Not connected or associated e.g. by kinship. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
99027
Concept ID:
C0445356
Finding
5.

Central

Applies to an abnormality that is located close to the median plane or midline of the body or of the referenced structure. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
59958
Concept ID:
C0205099
Spatial Concept
6.

L-Carnitine product

An amino acid derivative. Levocarnitine facilitates long-chain fatty acid entry into mitochondria, delivering substrate for oxidation and subsequent energy production. Fatty acids are utilized as an energy substrate in all tissues except the brain. (NCI04) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
39560
Concept ID:
C0087163
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance; Vitamin
7.

Stress

The negative mental, emotional, and physical reactions that occur when environmental stressors are perceived as exceeding the individual's adaptive capacities. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
20971
Concept ID:
C0038435
Finding
8.

Vitamin K>3<

A synthetic naphthoquinone without the isoprenoid side chain and biological activity, but can be converted to active vitamin K2, menaquinone, after alkylation in vivo. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
9960
Concept ID:
C0025270
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance; Vitamin
9.

Neurobion

MedGen UID:
811426
Concept ID:
C3714646
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance; Vitamin
10.

Growth substance

Signal molecules that are involved in the control of cell growth and differentiation. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
315661
Concept ID:
C1812630
Biologically Active Substance; Pharmacologic Substance
11.

Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

Pharmacological activities at the molecular level of DRUGS and other exogenous compounds that are used to treat DISEASES and affect normal BIOCHEMISTRY. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
226255
Concept ID:
C1258062
Molecular Function
12.

Quinone

MedGen UID:
203341
Concept ID:
C1096793
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
13.

Superoxol

MedGen UID:
195886
Concept ID:
C0699404
Indicator, Reagent, or Diagnostic Aid; Inorganic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
14.

Oxydol

MedGen UID:
181798
Concept ID:
C0949336
Indicator, Reagent, or Diagnostic Aid; Pharmacologic Substance
15.

Perhydrol

MedGen UID:
148496
Concept ID:
C0699403
Indicator, Reagent, or Diagnostic Aid; Inorganic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
16.

Physiological stress

The unfavorable effect of environmental factors (stressors) on the physiological functions of an organism. Prolonged unresolved physiological stress can affect HOMEOSTASIS of the organism, and may lead to damaging or pathological conditions. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
105278
Concept ID:
C0449430
Pathologic Function
17.

Vicasol

MedGen UID:
101656
Concept ID:
C0148373
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance; Vitamin
18.

Vikasol

MedGen UID:
55946
Concept ID:
C0148389
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance; Vitamin
19.

Protective agent

A class of agents used in prophylactic or curative therapy to attenuate the negative side effects of toxins or drugs. Protective agents belong to various chemical classes, acting through various pharmacological mechanisms. They may neutralize exogenous poisons, coat mucosa for protection against physical or chemical damage, offer antioxidant protection against free radicals or ionizing radiation, or induce endogenous detoxifying enzymes. (NCI04) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
19516
Concept ID:
C0033613
Pharmacologic Substance
20.

Vitamin preparation

A group of organic food substances found in animals and plants in small quantities. They must be supplied in diet or dietary supplement and are essential for normal metabolism. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
12117
Concept ID:
C0042890
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance; Vitamin
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