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Items: 18

1.

Glucose

A primary source of energy for living organisms. It is naturally occurring and is found in fruits and other parts of plants in its free state. It is used therapeutically in fluid and nutrient replacement. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
42238
Concept ID:
C0017725
Biologically Active Substance; Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
2.

Regular insulin

A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1). [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
5827
Concept ID:
C0021641
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Hormone; Pharmacologic Substance
3.

Insulin resistance

MedGen UID:
43904
Concept ID:
C0021655
Pathologic Function
4.

Increased energy

Feeling of excessive energy, which may be associated with increased activity. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
628705
Concept ID:
C0455769
Finding
5.

Suppression

MedGen UID:
526147
Concept ID:
C0221103
Pathologic Function
6.

Insulin resistance

MedGen UID:
504630
Concept ID:
CN000801
Finding
7.

Central

Applies to an abnormality that is located close to the median plane or midline of the body or of the referenced structure. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
59958
Concept ID:
C0205099
Spatial Concept
8.

Sulfonylurea and its derivatives

compounds of the type R-SO2-NHCONH-; when R=Ph, these are a group of hypoglycemic agents which enhance insulin secretion by beta cells and insulin sensitivity in target tissue, and so are effective in type II (noninsulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus. [from CRISP]

MedGen UID:
52567
Concept ID:
C0038766
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
9.

Insulins

Peptide hormones that cause an increase in the absorption of GLUCOSE by cells within organs such as LIVER, MUSCLE and ADIPOSE TISSUE. During normal metabolism insulins are produced by the PANCREATIC BETA CELLS in response to increased GLUCOSE. Natural and chemically-modified forms of insulin are also used in the treatment of GLUCOSE METABOLISM DISORDERS such as DIABETES MELLITUS. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
760846
Concept ID:
C3537244
Pharmacologic Substance
10.

Sugar

A white crystalline carbohydrate, typically sucrose, used as a sweetener and preservative. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
69157
Concept ID:
C0242209
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
11.

Opiocortin

MedGen UID:
34046
Concept ID:
C0069575
Hormone; Pharmacologic Substance
12.

Clinical finding

Clinical manifestations that can be either objective when observed by a physician, or subjective when perceived by the patient. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
19974
Concept ID:
C0037088
Sign or Symptom
13.

Pancreatic hormone product

Peptide hormones secreted into the blood by cells in the ISLETS OF LANGERHANS of the pancreas. The alpha cells secrete glucagon; the beta cells secrete insulin; the delta cells secrete somatostatin; and the PP cells secrete pancreatic polypeptide. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
14585
Concept ID:
C0030292
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Hormone; Pharmacologic Substance
14.

Novolin

MedGen UID:
10388
Concept ID:
C0028467
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Hormone; Pharmacologic Substance
15.

Iletin

MedGen UID:
7012
Concept ID:
C0020884
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Hormone; Pharmacologic Substance
16.

Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists

A collective grouping for both naturally occurring and synthetic hormones, substitutes, and antagonists. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
6887
Concept ID:
C0019934
Pharmacologic Substance
17.

Glucagon

A 29-amino acid pancreatic peptide derived from proglucagon which is also the precursor of intestinal GLUCAGON-LIKE PEPTIDES. Glucagon is secreted by PANCREATIC ALPHA CELLS and plays an important role in regulation of BLOOD GLUCOSE concentration, ketone metabolism, and several other biochemical and physiological processes. (From Gilman et al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 9th ed, p1511) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
6620
Concept ID:
C0017687
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Hormone; Pharmacologic Substance
18.

Fasting

Abstaining from all food. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
5129
Concept ID:
C0015663
Finding
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