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Urinary retention

MedGen UID:
38289
Concept ID:
C0080274
Finding
Synonyms: Increased post-void residual urine volume
SNOMED CT: Urinary retention (130951007); Bladder retention of urine (130951007); Not passing urine (267064002); Retention of urine (267064002); Unable to pass urine (267064002); Urinary retention (267064002); Cannot pass urine - retention (267064002); Unable to empty bladder (267064002); Unable to void urine (449491000124101); Unable to pass urine (449491000124101)
 
HPO: HP:0000016

Definition

Accumulation of urine within the bladder because of the inability to urinate. [from NCI]

Conditions with this feature

Acute intermittent porphyria
MedGen UID:
56452
Concept ID:
C0162565
Disease or Syndrome
Acute intermittent porphyria (referred to as AIP in this GeneReview) results from half-normal activity of the enzyme hydroxymethylbilane synthase (HMBS). It is characterized clinically by life-threatening acute neurovisceral attacks of severe abdominal pain without peritoneal signs, often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, tachycardia, and hypertension. Attacks may be complicated by neurologic findings (mental changes, convulsions, and peripheral neuropathy that may progress to respiratory paralysis), and hyponatremia. Acute attacks, which may be provoked by certain drugs, alcoholic beverages, endocrine factors, calorie restriction, stress, and infections, usually resolve within two weeks. Most individuals with AIP have one or a few attacks; about 5% (mainly women) have recurrent attacks (defined as >4 attacks/year) that may persist for years. Other long-term complications are chronic renal failure, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and hypertension. Attacks, which are very rare before puberty, are more common in women than men. All individuals with a genetic change in the gene HMBS that predisposes to AIP are at risk of developing acute attacks; however, most never have symptoms and are said to have latent (or presymptomatic) AIP.
Fatal familial insomnia
MedGen UID:
104768
Concept ID:
C0206042
Disease or Syndrome
Genetic prion diseases generally manifest with cognitive difficulties, ataxia, and myoclonus (abrupt jerking movements of muscle groups and/or entire limbs). The order of appearance and/or predominance of these features and other associated neurologic and psychiatric findings vary. Familial Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (fCJD), Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker (GSS) syndrome, and fatal familial insomnia (FFI) represent the core phenotypes of genetic prion disease. Note: A fourth clinical phenotype, known as Huntington disease like-1 (HDL-1) has been proposed, but this is based on a single report, and the underlying pathologic features would categorize it as GSS. Although it is clear that these four subtypes display overlapping clinical and pathologic features, recognition of these phenotypes can be useful when providing affected individuals and their families with information about the expected clinical course. The age at onset ranges from the third to ninth decade of life. The course ranges from a few months to several years (typically 5-7 years; in rare instances, >10 years).
Spastic paraplegia 9b, autosomal recessive
MedGen UID:
909058
Concept ID:
C4225272
Disease or Syndrome
Autosomal recessive SPG9B is a neurologic disorder characterized by early-onset complex spastic paraplegia. Affected individuals had delayed psychomotor development, intellectual disability, and severe motor impairment. More variable features include dysmorphic facial features, tremor, and urinary incontinence (summary by Coutelier et al., 2015). For a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of autosomal recessive SPG, see SPG5A (270800).

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Stoffel JT
Urol Clin North Am 2017 Aug;44(3):429-439. doi: 10.1016/j.ucl.2017.04.009. PMID: 28716323
Koyle MA, Butt H, Lorenzo A, Mingin GC, Elder JS, Smith GHH
Pediatr Surg Int 2017 May;33(5):623-626. Epub 2017 Jan 20 doi: 10.1007/s00383-017-4058-7. PMID: 28108784
Altschul D, Kobets A, Nakhla J, Jada A, Nasser R, Kinon MD, Yassari R, Houten J
J Neurosurg Spine 2017 Feb;26(2):229-234. Epub 2016 Oct 21 doi: 10.3171/2016.8.SPINE151371. PMID: 27767680
Yang TY, Chow YC, Lin WR, Ko MC, Chen M, Chang HK, Hsu JM, Yang S, Lin WC, Chiu AW
J Chin Med Assoc 2016 Nov;79(11):605-608. Epub 2016 Jun 22 doi: 10.1016/j.jcma.2016.03.008. PMID: 27344217
Shin S, Lee J, Yoo J, Lim SM, Lee E
Trials 2016 Apr 12;17:197. doi: 10.1186/s13063-016-1315-3. PMID: 27072880Free PMC Article

Diagnosis

Stoffel JT
Urol Clin North Am 2017 Aug;44(3):429-439. doi: 10.1016/j.ucl.2017.04.009. PMID: 28716323
Shin S, Lee J, Yoo J, Lim SM, Lee E
Trials 2016 Apr 12;17:197. doi: 10.1186/s13063-016-1315-3. PMID: 27072880Free PMC Article
Burla MJ, Benjamin J
J Emerg Med 2016 Feb;50(2):e53-6. Epub 2015 Oct 9 doi: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2015.09.005. PMID: 26482829
Chicoine B, Sulo S
J Am Board Fam Med 2015 Jan-Feb;28(1):115-7. doi: 10.3122/jabfm.2015.01.140065. PMID: 25567830
Osborn DJ, Kaufman MR, Mock S, Guan MJ, Dmochowski RR, Reynolds WS
Neurourol Urodyn 2015 Sep;34(7):675-8. Epub 2014 Jun 29 doi: 10.1002/nau.22642. PMID: 24975819Free PMC Article

Therapy

Koyle MA, Butt H, Lorenzo A, Mingin GC, Elder JS, Smith GHH
Pediatr Surg Int 2017 May;33(5):623-626. Epub 2017 Jan 20 doi: 10.1007/s00383-017-4058-7. PMID: 28108784
Altschul D, Kobets A, Nakhla J, Jada A, Nasser R, Kinon MD, Yassari R, Houten J
J Neurosurg Spine 2017 Feb;26(2):229-234. Epub 2016 Oct 21 doi: 10.3171/2016.8.SPINE151371. PMID: 27767680
Moksnes LR, Svenningsen R, Schiøtz HA, Moe K, Staff AC, Kulseng-Hanssen S
Neurourol Urodyn 2017 Apr;36(4):1091-1096. Epub 2016 May 31 doi: 10.1002/nau.23046. PMID: 27241330
Yang TY, Chow YC, Lin WR, Ko MC, Chen M, Chang HK, Hsu JM, Yang S, Lin WC, Chiu AW
J Chin Med Assoc 2016 Nov;79(11):605-608. Epub 2016 Jun 22 doi: 10.1016/j.jcma.2016.03.008. PMID: 27344217
Shin S, Lee J, Yoo J, Lim SM, Lee E
Trials 2016 Apr 12;17:197. doi: 10.1186/s13063-016-1315-3. PMID: 27072880Free PMC Article

Prognosis

Altschul D, Kobets A, Nakhla J, Jada A, Nasser R, Kinon MD, Yassari R, Houten J
J Neurosurg Spine 2017 Feb;26(2):229-234. Epub 2016 Oct 21 doi: 10.3171/2016.8.SPINE151371. PMID: 27767680
Tischler EH, Restrepo C, Oh J, Matthews CN, Chen AF, Parvizi J
J Arthroplasty 2016 Feb;31(2):480-3. Epub 2015 Sep 18 doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2015.09.007. PMID: 26453530
Poylin V, Curran T, Cataldo T, Nagle D
Int J Colorectal Dis 2015 Sep;30(9):1223-8. Epub 2015 Jun 23 doi: 10.1007/s00384-015-2294-7. PMID: 26099320
Hudak KE, Frelich MJ, Rettenmaier CR, Xiang Q, Wallace JR, Kastenmeier AS, Gould JC, Goldblatt MI
Surg Endosc 2015 Nov;29(11):3246-50. Epub 2015 Jan 23 doi: 10.1007/s00464-015-4068-2. PMID: 25612548Free PMC Article
Osborn DJ, Kaufman MR, Mock S, Guan MJ, Dmochowski RR, Reynolds WS
Neurourol Urodyn 2015 Sep;34(7):675-8. Epub 2014 Jun 29 doi: 10.1002/nau.22642. PMID: 24975819Free PMC Article

Clinical prediction guides

Shin S, Lee J, Yoo J, Lim SM, Lee E
Trials 2016 Apr 12;17:197. doi: 10.1186/s13063-016-1315-3. PMID: 27072880Free PMC Article
Poylin V, Curran T, Cataldo T, Nagle D
Int J Colorectal Dis 2015 Sep;30(9):1223-8. Epub 2015 Jun 23 doi: 10.1007/s00384-015-2294-7. PMID: 26099320
Hudak KE, Frelich MJ, Rettenmaier CR, Xiang Q, Wallace JR, Kastenmeier AS, Gould JC, Goldblatt MI
Surg Endosc 2015 Nov;29(11):3246-50. Epub 2015 Jan 23 doi: 10.1007/s00464-015-4068-2. PMID: 25612548Free PMC Article
Chicoine B, Sulo S
J Am Board Fam Med 2015 Jan-Feb;28(1):115-7. doi: 10.3122/jabfm.2015.01.140065. PMID: 25567830
Osborn DJ, Kaufman MR, Mock S, Guan MJ, Dmochowski RR, Reynolds WS
Neurourol Urodyn 2015 Sep;34(7):675-8. Epub 2014 Jun 29 doi: 10.1002/nau.22642. PMID: 24975819Free PMC Article

Recent systematic reviews

Stoffel JT
Urol Clin North Am 2017 Aug;44(3):429-439. doi: 10.1016/j.ucl.2017.04.009. PMID: 28716323
Mason SE, Scott AJ, Mayer E, Purkayastha S
Am J Surg 2016 Jun;211(6):1126-34. Epub 2015 Jul 17 doi: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2015.04.021. PMID: 26257154
Fisher E, Subramonian K, Omar MI
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2014 Jun 10;(6):CD006744. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD006744.pub3. PMID: 24913721
Marshall JR, Haber J, Josephson EB
Emerg Med Pract 2014 Jan;16(1):1-20; quiz 21. PMID: 24804332
Negro CL, Muir GH
BJU Int 2012 Dec;110(11):1590-4. Epub 2012 Mar 27 doi: 10.1111/j.1464-410X.2012.11101.x. PMID: 22452619

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