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Inflammatory Response

A part of innate immunity, the Inflammatory Response occurs when injured tissues induce release of vasodilatory, opsonizing, and chemotactic mediators that attract macrophages and leukocytes to phagocytize and destroy foreign substances; dilate local blood vessels increasing local blood flow; increase capillary permeability; produce edematous swelling; and induce pain. Plasma- and cell-derived inflammatory mediators include Prostaglandins, Leukotrines, Cytokines, Lymphokines, Monokines, PAF, Histamine, Bradykinin, Complement, and Interferons. [from NCI]

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Pathologic Function


Applies to an abnormality that is located close to the median plane or midline of the body or of the referenced structure. [from HPO]

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Concept ID:
Spatial Concept

St. Louis encephalitis virus infection

A viral encephalitis caused by the St. Louis encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, ST. LOUIS), a FLAVIVIRUS. It is transmitted to humans and other vertebrates primarily by mosquitoes of the genus CULEX. The primary animal vectors are wild birds and the disorder is endemic to the midwestern and southeastern United States. Infections may be limited to an influenza-like illness or present as an ASEPTIC MENINGITIS or ENCEPHALITIS. Clinical manifestations of the encephalitic presentation may include SEIZURES, lethargy, MYOCLONUS, focal neurologic signs, COMA, and DEATH. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p750) [from MeSH]

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Disease or Syndrome

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