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Items: 6

1.

Experimental Tumor

Laboratory tumor models used to study tumor development and treatment. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
10216
Concept ID:
C0027659
Experimental Model of Disease; Neoplastic Process
2.

Cholangiocarcinoma, susceptibility to

Carcinomas of the biliary tract are aggressive malignancies, with 5-year survival of less than 10%. These carcinomas arise throughout the biliary tree and are anatomically classified as either intrahepatic or extrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas. Gallbladder carcinomas also arise from the biliary tree but have distinct natural histories compared to cholangiocarcinomas, suggesting different underlying tumor biology. Cholangiocarcinoma incidence varies widely between geographic regions, reflecting the impact of different underlying etiologies. In endemic areas, liver fluke infections by O. viverrini and Clonorchis sinensis, both group I carcinogens, represent the major risk factor for cholangiocarcinomas. In nonendemic regions, other risk factors, including choledochal cysts (603003), hepatolithiasis, and primary sclerosing cholangitis (613806), are likely contributors (summary by Chan-on et al., 2013). Overall, the majority of patients lack such identifiable risk factors (summary by Jiao et al., 2013). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
816486
Concept ID:
C3810156
Finding
3.

Infection

The invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents and their multiplication, as well as the reaction by the host to these organisms and/or toxins that the organisms produce. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
811352
Concept ID:
C3714514
Pathologic Function
4.

Cholangiocarcinoma

MedGen UID:
60210
Concept ID:
C0206698
Neoplastic Process
5.

Infection by Opisthorchis viverrini

An infection caused by the parasite Opisthorchis viverrini. It results from the ingestion of raw or undercooked food. The clinical features vary from mild to severe and include gastrointestinal symptoms, anorexia, weight loss, hepatomegaly, and cholangitis. Patients are at an increased risk of developing cholangiocarcinoma. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
82917
Concept ID:
C0277005
Disease or Syndrome
6.

Sheep liver fluke infection

MedGen UID:
730322
Concept ID:
C1331532
Disease or Syndrome
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