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Items: 10

1.

Oxygen

An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
45267
Concept ID:
C0030054
Element, Ion, or Isotope; Pharmacologic Substance
2.

Mitochondrial inheritance

A mode of inheritance that is observed for traits related to a gene encoded on the mitochondrial genome. Because the mitochondrial genome is essentially always maternally inherited, a mitochondrial condition can only be transmitted by females, although the condition can affect both sexes. The proportion of mutant mitochondria can vary (heteroplasmy). [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
165802
Concept ID:
C0887941
Genetic Function
3.

Mutagenesis Process

OBSOLETE. The process by which genetic material undergoes a detectable and heritable structural change. There are three categories of mutation: genome mutations, involving addition or subtraction of one or more whole chromosomes; chromosome mutations, which alter the structure of chromosomes; and gene mutations, where the structure of a gene is altered at the molecular level. [ISBN:0198506732] [from GO]

MedGen UID:
86969
Concept ID:
C0079866
Molecular Function
4.

ubiquinol

MedGen UID:
37900
Concept ID:
C0077656
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
5.

Arginine

One of the twenty common amino acids (building blocks of proteins). Arginine is being studied as a nutritional supplement in the treatment and prevention of cancer and other conditions. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
13907
Concept ID:
C0003765
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Biologically Active Substance; Pharmacologic Substance
6.

Able

MedGen UID:
721424
Concept ID:
C1299581
Finding
7.

Oxidation

Process in which molecules are split to give products that have unpaired electrons. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
18242
Concept ID:
C0030011
Molecular Function
8.

Amino acid

One of several molecules that join together to form proteins. There are 20 common amino acids found in proteins. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
250
Concept ID:
C0002520
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Biologically Active Substance; Pharmacologic Substance
9.

Point mutation

A mutation caused by the substitution of one nucleotide for another. This results in the DNA molecule having a change in a single base pair. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
56498
Concept ID:
C0162735
Cell or Molecular Dysfunction; Genetic Function
10.

Prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase deficiency

Platelet prostaglandin-endoperoxidase synthase-1 deficiency is a hematologic disorder characterized by mildly increased bleeding due to a platelet defect. The PTGS1 gene (176805) encodes prostaglandin-endoperoxidase synthase-1, also known as COX1 or PGHS1, which catalyzes the formation of prostaglandin G2 (PGG2) and prostaglandin H2 from arachidonic acid, and the downstream formation of thromboxane A2 (TXA2) and prostacyclin. Thromboxane A2 is important for platelet aggregation (summary by Matijevic-Aleksic et al., 1996). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
414043
Concept ID:
C2751535
Disease or Syndrome
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