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Items: 5

1.

Valproic Acid

A fatty acid with anticonvulsant properties used in the treatment of epilepsy. The mechanisms of its therapeutic actions are not well understood. It may act by increasing GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID levels in the brain or by altering the properties of voltage dependent sodium channels. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
21820
Concept ID:
C0042291
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
2.

Malignant melanoma

A malignant neoplasm derived from cells that are capable of forming melanin, which may occur in the skin of any part of the body, in the eye, or, rarely, in the mucous membranes of the genitalia, anus, oral cavity, or other sites. It occurs mostly in adults and may originate de novo or from a pigmented nevus or malignant lentigo. Melanomas frequently metastasize widely, and the regional lymph nodes, liver, lungs, and brain are likely to be involved. The incidence of malignant skin melanomas is rising rapidly in all parts of the world. (Stedman, 25th ed; from Rook et al., Textbook of Dermatology, 4th ed, p2445) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
9944
Concept ID:
C0025202
Neoplastic Process
3.

Melanoma

The presence of a melanoma, a malignant cancer originating from pigment producing melanocytes. Melanoma can originate from the skin or the pigmented layers of the eye (the uvea). [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
505377
Concept ID:
CN002586
Finding
4.

Histone deacetylase inhibitor

Any substance that inhibits histone deacetylase, an enzyme that catalyzes the removal of acetyl groups from core histones. Inhibition of histone deacetylase can result in hyperacetylation of histones, with an effect on gene expression and cell differentiation. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
268200
Concept ID:
C1512474
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Enzyme; Pharmacologic Substance
5.

Topoisomerase 1 inhibitor

Any substance that inhibits topoisomerase-I, a topoisomerase that relieves torsional stress in a DNA molecule by cutting only one strand of the DNA double helix. Inhibition of topoisomerase-I causes DNA damage, inhibition of DNA replication, and apoptosis. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
108556
Concept ID:
C0594374
Pharmacologic Substance
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