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Polycystic kidney disease, adult type(PKD1)

MedGen UID:
Concept ID:
Congenital Abnormality; Disease or Syndrome
Synonyms: PKD1; Polycystic kidney disease 1; POLYCYSTIC KIDNEY DISEASE 1 WITH OR WITHOUT POLYCYSTIC LIVER DISEASE; Polycystic Kidney Disease 1, Autosomal Dominant; Polycystic kidney disease 1, severe; POLYCYSTIC KIDNEY DISEASE, ADULT, TYPE I; Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Dominant; POTTER TYPE III POLYCYSTIC KIDNEY DISEASE
Modes of inheritance:
Autosomal dominant inheritance
MedGen UID:
Concept ID:
Intellectual Product
Sources: HPO, OMIM, Orphanet
A mode of inheritance that is observed for traits related to a gene encoded on one of the autosomes (i.e., the human chromosomes 1-22) in which a trait manifests in heterozygotes. In the context of medical genetics, an autosomal dominant disorder is caused when a single copy of the mutant allele is present. Males and females are affected equally, and can both transmit the disorder with a risk of 50% for each child of inheriting the mutant allele.
Autosomal dominant inheritance (HPO, OMIM, Orphanet)
SNOMED CT: Polycystic kidney disease, adult type (28728008); Autosomal dominant adult polycystic kidney disease (28728008); Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (28728008); ADPKD - Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (28728008); Polycystic kidneys - adult type (28728008)
Gene (location): PKD1 (16p13.3)
OMIM®: 173900

Disease characteristics

Excerpted from the GeneReview: Polycystic Kidney Disease, Autosomal Dominant
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is generally a late-onset multisystem disorder characterized by: bilateral renal cysts; cysts in other organs including the liver, seminal vesicles, pancreas, and arachnoid membrane; vascular abnormalities including intracranial aneurysms, dilatation of the aortic root, and dissection of the thoracic aorta; mitral valve prolapse; and abdominal wall hernias. Renal manifestations include hypertension, renal pain, and renal insufficiency. Approximately 50% of individuals with ADPKD have end-stage renal disease (ESRD) by age 60 years. The prevalence of liver cysts, the most common extrarenal manifestation of ADPKD, increases with age and may have been underestimated by ultrasound studies. The prevalence of intracranial aneurysms is higher in those with a positive family history of aneurysms or subarachnoid hemorrhage (22%) than in those without such a family history (6%). Mitral valve prolapse, the most common valvular abnormality, occurs in up to 25% of affected individuals. Substantial variability in severity of renal disease and other extrarenal manifestations occurs even within the same family. [from GeneReviews]
Peter C Harris  |  Vicente E Torres   view full author information

Additional descriptions

PKD1, an autosomal dominant form of polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), has the cardinal manifestations of renal cysts, liver cysts, and intracranial aneurysm. Acute and chronic pain and nephrolithiasis are common complications. The most serious renal complication is end-stage renal disease, which occurs in approximately 50% of patients by the age of 60 years. The typical age of onset is in middle life, but the range is from infancy to 80 years (summary by Wu and Somlo, 2000). Genetic Heterogeneity of Polycystic Kidney Disease Also see polycystic kidney disease-2 (PKD2; 613095), caused by mutation in the PKD2 gene (173910) on chromosome 4q22; PKD3 (600666), caused by mutation in the GANAB gene (104160) on chromosome 11q13; PKD4 (263200), caused by mutation in the PKHD1 gene (606702) on chromosome 6p12; and PKD5 (617610), caused by mutation in the DZIP1L gene (617570) on chromosome 3q22.
From GHR
Polycystic kidney disease is a disorder that affects the kidneys and other organs. Clusters of fluid-filled sacs, called cysts, develop in the kidneys and interfere with their ability to filter waste products from the blood. The growth of cysts causes the kidneys to become enlarged and can lead to kidney failure. Cysts may also develop in other organs, particularly the liver.Frequent complications of polycystic kidney disease include dangerously high blood pressure (hypertension), pain in the back or sides, blood in the urine (hematuria), recurrent urinary tract infections, kidney stones, and heart valve abnormalities. Additionally, people with polycystic kidney disease have an increased risk of an abnormal bulging (an aneurysm) in a large blood vessel called the aorta or in blood vessels at the base of the brain. Aneurysms can be life-threatening if they tear or rupture.The two major forms of polycystic kidney disease are distinguished by the usual age of onset and the pattern in which it is passed through families. The autosomal dominant form (sometimes called ADPKD) has signs and symptoms that typically begin in adulthood, although cysts in the kidney are often present from birth or childhood. Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease can be further divided into type 1 and type 2, depending on the genetic cause. The autosomal recessive form of polycystic kidney disease (sometimes called ARPKD) is much rarer and is often lethal early in life. The signs and symptoms of this condition are usually apparent at birth or in early infancy.

Clinical features

Colonic diverticula
MedGen UID:
Concept ID:
Disease or Syndrome
The presence of multiple diverticula of the colon.
MedGen UID:
Concept ID:
Disease or Syndrome
Blood pressure that is abnormally high.
Polycystic kidney dysplasia
MedGen UID:
Concept ID:
Disease or Syndrome
A usually autosomal dominant and less frequently autosomal recessive genetic disorder characterized by the presence of numerous cysts in the kidneys leading to end-stage renal failure. The autosomal dominant trait is associated with abnormalities on the short arm of chromosome 16. Symptoms in patients with the autosomal dominant trait usually appear at middle age and include abdominal pain, hematuria, and high blood pressure. Patients may develop brain aneurysms and liver cysts. Patients with the autosomal recessive trait present with progressive renal failure early in life and symptoms resulting from hepatic fibrosis. The autosomal recessive trait is associated with abnormalities of chromosome 6. Polycystic kidney disease may also result as a side effect in patients on renal dialysis.
Hepatic cysts
MedGen UID:
Concept ID:
Disease or Syndrome
A cystic lesion located in the liver.
Renal insufficiency
MedGen UID:
Concept ID:
Disease or Syndrome
A reduction in the level of performance of the kidneys in areas of function comprising the concentration of urine, removal of wastes, the maintenance of electrolyte balance, homeostasis of blood pressure, and calcium metabolism.

Term Hierarchy

CClinical test,  RResearch test,  OOMIM,  GGeneReviews,  VClinVar  

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