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Items: 1 to 20 of 24

1.

Diagnosis

The determination of the nature of a disease or condition, or the distinguishing of one disease or condition from another. Assessment may be made through physical examination, laboratory tests, or the likes. Computerized programs may be used to enhance the decision-making process. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
8354
Concept ID:
C0011900
Finding
2.

Hyperparathyroidism

A condition of abnormally elevated output of PARATHYROID HORMONE (or PTH) triggering responses that increase blood CALCIUM. It is characterized by HYPERCALCEMIA and BONE RESORPTION, eventually leading to bone diseases. PRIMARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM is caused by parathyroid HYPERPLASIA or PARATHYROID NEOPLASMS. SECONDARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM is increased PTH secretion in response to HYPOCALCEMIA, usually caused by chronic KIDNEY DISEASES. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
6967
Concept ID:
C0020502
Disease or Syndrome
3.

Primary hyperparathyroidism

A type of hyperparathyroidism caused by a primary abnormality of the parathyroid glands (e.g., adenoma, carcinoma, hyperplasia). Primary hyperparathyroidism is associated with hyercalcemia. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
506181
Concept ID:
CN007204
Finding
4.

Hyperparathyroidism

Excessive production of parathyroid hormone (PTH) by the parathyroid glands. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
504623
Concept ID:
CN000789
Finding
5.

Primary hyperparathyroidism

A condition of abnormally elevated output of PARATHYROID HORMONE due to parathyroid HYPERPLASIA or PARATHYROID NEOPLASMS. It is characterized by the combination of HYPERCALCEMIA, phosphaturia, elevated renal 1,25-DIHYDROXYVITAMIN D3 synthesis, and increased BONE RESORPTION. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
66354
Concept ID:
C0221002
Disease or Syndrome
6.

Asymptomatic

Without clinical signs or indications that raise the possibility of a particular disorder or dysfunction. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
65413
Concept ID:
C0231221
Finding
7.

Vitamin D preparation

A vitamin that includes both CHOLECALCIFEROLS and ERGOCALCIFEROLS, which have the common effect of preventing or curing RICKETS in animals. It can also be viewed as a hormone since it can be formed in SKIN by action of ULTRAVIOLET RAYS upon the precursors, 7-dehydrocholesterol and ERGOSTEROL, and acts on VITAMIN D RECEPTORS to regulate CALCIUM in opposition to PARATHYROID HORMONE. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
22670
Concept ID:
C0042866
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance; Vitamin
8.

Hypercalcemia

Abnormally high concentration of calcium in the peripheral blood. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
5686
Concept ID:
C0020437
Disease or Syndrome; Finding
9.

Process

MedGen UID:
923307
Concept ID:
C1951340
Pharmacologic Substance
10.

Prepared

MedGen UID:
881385
Concept ID:
C4082130
Finding
11.

Familial hyperparathyroidism

MedGen UID:
543605
Concept ID:
C0271846
Disease or Syndrome
12.

Vitamin preparation

A group of organic food substances found in animals and plants in small quantities. They must be supplied in diet or dietary supplement and are essential for normal metabolism. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
12117
Concept ID:
C0042890
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance; Vitamin
13.

Nutritional disorder

Any condition related to a disturbance between proper intake and utilization of nourishment. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
811347
Concept ID:
C3714509
Disease or Syndrome
14.

Vitamin deficiency

A disorder that is caused by the deficiency of a vitamin. The deficiency may result from either suboptimal vitamin intake or conditions that prevent the vitamin's use or absorption in the body. Representative examples include beriberi caused by thiamine deficiency, scurvy caused by vitamin C deficiency, and rickets caused by vitamin D deficiency. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
267607
Concept ID:
C1510471
Disease or Syndrome
15.

Avitaminosis

A condition due to a deficiency of one or more essential vitamins. (Dorland, 27th ed) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
91216
Concept ID:
C0376286
Disease or Syndrome
16.

Malnutrition

An imbalanced nutritional status resulting from insufficient intake of nutrients to meet normal physiological requirement. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
56429
Concept ID:
C0162429
Disease or Syndrome
17.

Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases

A collective term for nutritional disorders resulting from poor absorption or nutritional imbalance, and metabolic disorders resulting from defects in biosynthesis (ANABOLISM) or breakdown (CATABOLISM) of endogenous substances. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
45164
Concept ID:
C0028715
Disease or Syndrome
18.

Parathyroid hormone agent

A polypeptide hormone (84 amino acid residues) secreted by the PARATHYROID GLANDS which performs the essential role of maintaining intracellular CALCIUM levels in the body. Parathyroid hormone increases intracellular calcium by promoting the release of CALCIUM from BONE, increases the intestinal absorption of calcium, increases the renal tubular reabsorption of calcium, and increases the renal excretion of phosphates. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
10585
Concept ID:
C0030520
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Hormone; Pharmacologic Substance
19.

Abnormality of the parathyroid gland

A non-neoplastic or neoplastic disorder that affects the parathyroid glands. Representative examples include hyperparathyroidism, hypoparathyroidism, adenoma, and carcinoma. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
10583
Concept ID:
C0030517
Disease or Syndrome
20.

Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists

A collective grouping for both naturally occurring and synthetic hormones, substitutes, and antagonists. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
6887
Concept ID:
C0019934
Pharmacologic Substance
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