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Items: 1 to 20 of 36

1.

Naltrexone

Derivative of noroxymorphone that is the N-cyclopropylmethyl congener of NALOXONE. It is a narcotic antagonist that is effective orally, longer lasting and more potent than naloxone, and has been proposed for the treatment of heroin addiction. The FDA has approved naltrexone for the treatment of alcohol dependence. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
6516
Concept ID:
C0027360
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
2.

Dependence

The psychological or physiological need to take a substance in oder to experience its effects or to avoid the effects of its absence. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
141006
Concept ID:
C0439857
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
3.

Alcohol dependence

For most adults, moderate alcohol use is probably not harmful. However, about 18 million adult Americans have an alcohol use disorder. This means that their drinking causes distress and harm. It includes alcoholism and alcohol abuse. Alcoholism, or alcohol dependence, is a disease that causes. -Craving - a strong need to drink. -Loss of control - not being able to stop drinking once you've started. -Physical dependence - withdrawal symptoms. -Tolerance - the need to drink more alcohol to feel the same effect. With alcohol abuse, you are not physically dependent, but you still have a serious problem. The drinking may cause problems at home, work, or school. It may cause you to put yourself in dangerous situations, or lead to legal or social problems. Another common problem is binge drinking. It is drinking about five or more drinks in two hours for men. For women, it is about four or more drinks in two hours. Too much alcohol is dangerous. Heavy drinking can increase the risk of certain cancers. It can cause damage to the liver, brain, and other organs. Drinking during pregnancy can harm your baby. Alcohol also increases the risk of death from car crashes, injuries, homicide, and suicide. If you want to stop drinking, there is help. Start by talking to your health care provider. Treatment may include medicines, counseling, and support groups. NIH: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
1801
Concept ID:
C0001973
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
4.

Alcohol

A class of compounds where a hydroxyl (OH) group is attached to single bonded hydrocarbons. Alcohols are classified according to the position of the carbon atom with the attached hydroxyl group (i.e. primary alcohols are alcohols with the OH group attached to the primary carbon atom, C1). Uses include solvents, astringents, and anti-infective activity. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
1400
Concept ID:
C0001975
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
5.

Ethanol

If you are like many Americans, you drink alcohol at least occasionally. For many people, moderate drinking is probably safe. It may even have health benefits, including reducing your risk of certain heart problems. For most women and for most people over 65, moderate drinking is no more than three drinks a day or seven drinks per week. For men under 65, it is no more than four drinks a day or 14 drinks per week. Some people should not drink at all, including alcoholics, children, pregnant women, people taking certain medicines, and people with certain medical conditions. If you have questions about whether it is safe for you to drink, speak with your health care provider. Anything more than moderate drinking can be risky. Heavy drinking can lead to alcoholism and alcohol abuse, as well as injuries, liver disease, heart disease, cancer, and other health problems. It can also cause problems at home, at work, and with friends. NIH: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
186
Concept ID:
C0001962
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
6.

Frequency

MedGen UID:
91210
Concept ID:
C0376249
Temporal Concept
7.

Craving for alcohol

MedGen UID:
641487
Concept ID:
C0556385
Finding
8.

Examined for

Having been subjected to inspection or evaluation. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
83047
Concept ID:
C0332128
Finding
9.

Opiate agonist

A class of synthetic chemicals/drugs similar to opiates (opium derivatives) with analgesic properties. Due to binding to opiate receptors, opioids mimic opiate activity on neurons, various cells (i.e. lymphocytes), pain suppression and other neurobehavioral activity. (NCI) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
66892
Concept ID:
C0242402
Hazardous or Poisonous Substance; Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
10.

Antaxone

MedGen UID:
304301
Concept ID:
C1449896
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
11.

Naloxon-ratiopharm

MedGen UID:
260630
Concept ID:
C1449884
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
12.

Celupan

MedGen UID:
258587
Concept ID:
C1449897
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
13.

Nalone

MedGen UID:
258584
Concept ID:
C1449882
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
14.

Trexan

MedGen UID:
149073
Concept ID:
C0729157
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
15.

MRZ-2593

MedGen UID:
149072
Concept ID:
C0729156
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
16.

Narcan

MedGen UID:
146883
Concept ID:
C0684237
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
17.

Diagnosis, Psychiatric

MedGen UID:
138165
Concept ID:
C0376338
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
18.

Obsessive-compulsive behavior

Recurrent obsessions or compulsions that are severe enough to be time consuming (i.e., they take more than 1 hour a day) or cause marked distress or significant impairment (DSM-IV). [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
109373
Concept ID:
C0600104
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
19.

ReVia

MedGen UID:
108515
Concept ID:
C0591842
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
20.

Addictive behavior

A recurrent pattern of behavior that is characeterized by the failure to resist an impulse, drive, or temptation to perform an act that is harmful to the person or to others. The repetitive engagement in these behaviors ultimately interferes with functioning in other domains. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
88373
Concept ID:
C0085281
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
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