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Items: 19

1.

Anthrax

Anthrax is a disease caused by Bacillus anthracis, a germ that lives in soil. Many people know about it from the 2001 bioterror attacks. In the attacks, someone purposely spread anthrax through the U.S. mail. This killed five people and made 22 sick. . Anthrax is rare. It affects animals such as cattle, sheep, and goats more often than people. People can get anthrax from contact with infected animals, wool, meat, or hides. It can cause three forms of disease in people. They are. - Cutaneous, which affects the skin. People with cuts or open sores can get it if they touch the bacteria. . - Inhalation, which affects the lungs. You can get this if you breathe in spores of the bacteria. . - Gastrointestinal, which affects the digestive system. You can get it by eating infected meat. Antibiotics often cure anthrax if it is diagnosed early. But many people don't know they have anthrax until it is too late to treat. A vaccine to prevent anthrax is available for people in the military and others at high risk. . NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
8110
Concept ID:
C0003175
Disease or Syndrome
2.

Infection

Invasion of the host organism by microorganisms that can cause pathological conditions or diseases. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
811352
Concept ID:
C3714514
Pathologic Function
3.

Biothrax

MedGen UID:
233091
Concept ID:
C1330099
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Pharmacologic Substance
4.

Immunoglobulin G

The major immunoglobulin isotype class in normal human serum. There are several isotype subclasses of IgG, for example, IgG1, IgG2A, and IgG2B. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
9407
Concept ID:
C0020852
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Immunologic Factor; Pharmacologic Substance
5.

Typhoid

and characterized by a non-focal fever. [from ORDO]

MedGen UID:
797317
Concept ID:
CN207359
Finding
6.

Vaccinated (qualifier)

Treated with a vaccine. [from NCI_NCI-GLOSS]

MedGen UID:
274370
Concept ID:
C1519885
Finding
7.

Atrophoderma vermiculatum

Atrophoderma vermiculata, a form of keratosis pilaris atrophicans, typically presents in childhood with erythema and follicular keratotic papules that slowly progress to characteristic atrophy, which has been described as worm-eaten, reticular, or honeycomb, and occurs on the cheeks, preauricular area, and forehead. More rarely, the atrophy may extend to the upper lip, helices, ear lobes, and, in some cases, the limbs. The degree of inflammation, the presence of milia, and the extent of follicular plugs are variable (summary by Luria and Conologue, 2009). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
82666
Concept ID:
C0263429
Disease or Syndrome
8.

Vaccines

A Type of medicine that creates an immune protection without the recipient experiencing the disease.  [from HL7]

MedGen UID:
52963
Concept ID:
C0042210
Immunologic Factor; Pharmacologic Substance
9.

Vaccines, Typhoid

typhoid vaccine, NOS.  [from HL7]

MedGen UID:
11974
Concept ID:
C0041469
Immunologic Factor; Pharmacologic Substance
10.

Charbon brand of activated charcoal

MedGen UID:
289013
Concept ID:
C1564679
Element, Ion, or Isotope; Pharmacologic Substance
11.

Anthrax Vaccines

anthrax vaccine.  [from HL7]

MedGen UID:
87633
Concept ID:
C0358297
Immunologic Factor; Pharmacologic Substance
12.

Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections

Infections caused by bacteria that retain the crystal violet stain (positive) when treated by the gram-staining method. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
39283
Concept ID:
C0085426
Disease or Syndrome
13.

Bacillaceae Infections

Infections with bacteria of the family BACILLACEAE. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
39271
Concept ID:
C0085389
Disease or Syndrome
14.

Bacterial Infections

Bacteria are living things that have only one cell. Under a microscope, they look like balls, rods, or spirals. They are so small that a line of 1,000 could fit across a pencil eraser. Most bacteria won't hurt you - less than 1 percent of the different types make people sick. Many are helpful. Some bacteria help to digest food, destroy disease-causing cells, and give the body needed vitamins. Bacteria are also used in making healthy foods like yogurt and cheese. But infectious bacteria can make you ill. They reproduce quickly in your body. Many give off chemicals called toxins, which can damage tissue and make you sick. Examples of bacteria that cause infections include Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, and E. coli. Antibiotics are the usual treatment. When you take antibiotics, follow the directions carefully. Each time you take antibiotics, you increase the chances that bacteria in your body will learn to resist them causing antibiotic resistance. Later, you could get or spread an infection that those antibiotics cannot cure. NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
14012
Concept ID:
C0004623
Disease or Syndrome
15.

Bacterial vaccine

Suspensions of attenuated or killed bacteria administered for the prevention or treatment of infectious bacterial disease. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
2534
Concept ID:
C0004632
Immunologic Factor; Pharmacologic Substance
16.

Bacterial Infections and Mycoses

Infections caused by bacteria and fungi, general, specified, or unspecified. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
2161
Concept ID:
C0004615
Disease or Syndrome
17.

Antibody Specificity

The property of antibodies which enables them to react with some ANTIGENIC DETERMINANTS and not with others. Specificity is dependent on chemical composition, physical forces, and molecular structure at the binding site. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
1586
Concept ID:
C0003264
Molecular Function
18.

Biological Products

Complex pharmaceutical substances, preparations, or matter derived from organisms usually obtained by biological methods or assay. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
577
Concept ID:
C0005522
Biologically Active Substance; Pharmacologic Substance
19.

Low bacterial challenge

MedGen UID:
825121
Concept ID:
C3839276
Finding
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