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Items: 14

1.

Retinoids

Class of compounds consisting of four isoprenoid units joined in a head-to-tail manner and customarily containing five conjugated double bonds. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
48436
Concept ID:
C0035339
Biologically Active Substance; Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
2.

Carotinoid

The general name for a group of fat-soluble pigments found in green, yellow, and leafy vegetables, and yellow fruits. They are aliphatic hydrocarbons consisting of a polyisoprene backbone. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
2890
Concept ID:
C0007271
Biologically Active Substance; Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
3.

Iron

Iron is a mineral that our bodies need for many functions. For example, iron is part of hemoglobin, a protein which carries oxygen from our lungs throughout our bodies. It helps our muscles store and use oxygen. Iron is also part of many other proteins and enzymes. Your body needs the right amount of iron. If you have too little iron, you may develop iron deficiency anemia. Causes of low iron levels include blood loss, poor diet, or an inability to absorb enough iron from foods. People at higher risk of having too little iron are young children and women who are pregnant or have periods. Too much iron can damage your body. Taking too many iron supplements can cause iron poisoning. Some people have an inherited disease called hemochromatosis. It causes too much iron to build up in the body. . Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
137068
Concept ID:
C0302583
Biologically Active Substance; Element, Ion, or Isotope; Pharmacologic Substance
4.

Mutant

An altered form of an individual, organism, population, or genetic character that differs from the corresponding wild type due to one or more alterations (mutations). [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
109303
Concept ID:
C0596988
Cell or Molecular Dysfunction
5.

Retinaldehyde

A carotenoid constituent of visual pigments. It is the oxidized form of retinol which functions as the active component of the visual cycle. It is bound to the protein opsin forming the complex rhodopsin. When stimulated by visible light, the retinal component of the rhodopsin complex undergoes isomerization at the 11-position of the double bond to the cis-form; this is reversed in "dark" reactions to return to the native trans-configuration. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
19764
Concept ID:
C0035331
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance; Vitamin
6.

Provatene

MedGen UID:
304268
Concept ID:
C1449771
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance; Vitamin
7.

Max-Caro

MedGen UID:
304267
Concept ID:
C1449770
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance; Vitamin
8.

Carotaben

MedGen UID:
259583
Concept ID:
C1449769
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance; Vitamin
9.

BellaCarotin

MedGen UID:
258552
Concept ID:
C1449768
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance; Vitamin
10.

Vetoron

MedGen UID:
196381
Concept ID:
C0728798
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance; Vitamin
11.

Solatene

MedGen UID:
147508
Concept ID:
C0728799
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance; Vitamin
12.

Beta Carotene

A naturally-occurring retinol (vitamin A) precursor obtained from certain fruits and vegetables with potential antineoplastic and chemopreventive activities. As an anti-oxidant, beta carotene inhibits free-radical damage to DNA. This agent also induces cell differentiation and apoptosis of some tumor cell types, particularly in early stages of tumorigenesis, and enhances immune system activity by stimulating the release of natural killer cells, lymphocytes, and monocytes. (NCI04) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
62826
Concept ID:
C0053396
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance; Vitamin
13.

Zeaxanthin

Carotenoid having a chemical structure similar to beta-carotene with addition of hydroxyl groups at the number 3 and 3' carbon atoms. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
38117
Concept ID:
C0078752
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
14.

Oxidation-reduction

A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471). [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
18243
Concept ID:
C0030012
Molecular Function
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