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Items: 3

1.

White sponge nevus of cannon

White sponge nevus is a rare autosomal dominant disorder of noncornifying squamous epithelial differentiation that presents clinically as white, soft, thick plaques of the oral mucosa. Less frequently, the mucous membranes of the nose, esophagus, genitalia, and rectum are involved. Histopathologic features, including epithelial thickening, parakeratosis, extensive vacuolization of the suprabasal keratinocytes, and compact aggregates of keratin intermediate filaments in the upper spinus layers resemble those found in epidermal disorders shown to be associated with keratin defects (summary by Richard et al., 1995). Genetic Heterogeneity of White Sponge Nevus White sponge nevus-2 (WSN2; 615785) is caused by mutation in the KRT13 gene (148065) on chromosome 17q21. [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
328433
Concept ID:
C1721005
Disease or Syndrome
2.

Parkinsonism, early onset with mental retardation

Waisman syndrome is an X-linked neurologic disorder characterized by delayed psychomotor development, intellectual disability, and early-onset Parkinson disease (summary by Wilson et al., 2014). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
208674
Concept ID:
C0796195
Disease or Syndrome
3.

Influenza

Flu is a respiratory infection caused by a number of viruses. The viruses pass through the air and enter your body through your nose or mouth. Between 5% and 20% of people in the U.S. get the flu each year. The flu can be serious or even deadly for elderly people, newborn babies, and people with certain chronic illnesses. Symptoms of the flu come on suddenly and are worse than those of the common cold. They may include . -Body or muscle aches. -Chills . -Cough . -Fever . -Headache . -Sore throat . Is it a cold or the flu? Colds rarely cause a fever or headaches. Flu almost never causes an upset stomach. And stomach flu isn't really flu at all, but gastroenteritis. Most people with the flu recover on their own without medical care. People with mild cases of the flu should stay home and avoid contact with others, except to get medical care. If you get the flu, your health care provider may prescribe medicine to help your body fight the infection and lessen symptoms. . The main way to keep from getting the flu is to get a yearly flu vaccine. Good hygiene, including hand washing, can also help. NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
9466
Concept ID:
C0021400
Disease or Syndrome
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