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1.

Fetal alcohol syndrome

Alcohol can harm your baby at any stage during a pregnancy. That includes the earliest stages before you even know you are pregnant. Drinking alcohol can cause a group of conditions called fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs). Effects can include physical and behavioral problems such as trouble with. -Learning and remembering. -Understanding and following directions. -Controlling emotions. -Communicating and socializing. -Daily life skills, such as feeding and bathing. Fetal alcohol syndrome is the most serious type of FASD. People with fetal alcohol syndrome have facial abnormalities, including wide-set and narrow eyes, growth problems and nervous system abnormalities. FASDs last a lifetime. There is no cure for FASDs. Treatments can help. These include medicines to help with some symptoms and behavior therapy. No one treatment is right for every child. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
8820
Concept ID:
C0015923
Disease or Syndrome
2.

Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacteria usually attack the lungs, but they can also damage other parts of the body. . TB spreads through the air when a person with TB of the lungs or throat coughs, sneezes, or talks. If you have been exposed, you should go to your doctor for tests. You are more likely to get TB if you have a weak immune system. Symptoms of TB in the lungs may include. - A bad cough that lasts 3 weeks or longer. - Weight loss. - Loss of appetite. - Coughing up blood or mucus. - Weakness or fatigue . - Fever. - Night sweats. Skin tests, blood tests, x-rays, and other tests can tell if you have TB. If not treated properly, TB can be deadly. You can usually cure active TB by taking several medicines for a long period of time. NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
22513
Concept ID:
C0041296
Disease or Syndrome

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