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Items: 1 to 20 of 23

1.

AGON

Used with chemicals, drugs, and endogenous substances to indicate substances or agents that have affinity for a receptor and intrinsic activity at that receptor. (From Textbook of Pharmacology, 1991, p.16) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
116746
Concept ID:
C0243192
Pharmacologic Substance
2.

Dopamine

A monoamine compound with positive inotropic activity. Dopamine is a naturally occurring catecholamine formed by decarboxylation of dehydroxyphenylalanine and a precursor of norepinephrine and epinephrine. Dopamine binds to alpha-1 and beta-1 adrenergic receptors. Mediated through myocardial beta-1 adrenergic receptors, dopamine increase heart rate and force, thereby increasing cardiac output. Alpha-1 adrenergic receptor stimulation on vascular smooth muscle, leads to vasoconstriction and results in an increase in systemic vascular resistance. Stimulation of dopaminergic receptors in renal vasculature, leads to renal blood vessel dilation, and an increase in glomerular filtration rate, renal blood flow, sodium excretion, and urine output. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
41644
Concept ID:
C0013030
Biologically Active Substance; Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
3.

Cocaine abuse

MedGen UID:
3136
Concept ID:
C0009171
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
4.

Chronic

Slow, creeping onset, slow progress and long continuance of disease manifestations. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
104657
Concept ID:
C0205191
Temporal Concept
5.

Addictive behavior

A recurrent pattern of behavior that is characeterized by the failure to resist an impulse, drive, or temptation to perform an act that is harmful to the person or to others. The repetitive engagement in these behaviors ultimately interferes with functioning in other domains. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
88373
Concept ID:
C0085281
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
6.

Ameliorated by

An ameliorating factor is defined as an external factor that leads to the manifestation of a sign or symptom in a person improving or becoming more bearable. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
83049
Concept ID:
C0332161
Qualitative Concept
7.

Alcohol

A class of compounds where a hydroxyl (OH) group is attached to single bonded hydrocarbons. Alcohols are classified according to the position of the carbon atom with the attached hydroxyl group (i.e. primary alcohols are alcohols with the OH group attached to the primary carbon atom, C1). Uses include solvents, astringents, and anti-infective activity. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
1400
Concept ID:
C0001975
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
8.

Ethyl alcohol

A clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant. It is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations as well as serving as the primary ingredient in ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
186
Concept ID:
C0001962
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
9.

Membrane Transport Modulators

Agents that affect ION PUMPS; ION CHANNELS; ABC TRANSPORTERS; and other MEMBRANE TRANSPORT PROTEINS. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
288786
Concept ID:
C1563710
Pharmacologic Substance
10.

Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

Pharmacological activities at the molecular level of DRUGS and other exogenous compounds that are used to treat DISEASES and affect normal BIOCHEMISTRY. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
226255
Concept ID:
C1258062
Molecular Function
11.

Diagnosis, Psychiatric

MedGen UID:
138165
Concept ID:
C0376338
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
12.

Neurotransmitter Agents

Substances used for their pharmacological actions on any aspect of neurotransmitter systems. Neurotransmitter agents include agonists, antagonists, degradation inhibitors, uptake inhibitors, depleters, precursors, and modulators of receptor function. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
69321
Concept ID:
C0243051
Pharmacologic Substance
13.

Inhibitors, Dopamine Uptake

Drugs that block the transport of DOPAMINE into axon terminals or into storage vesicles within terminals. Most of the ADRENERGIC UPTAKE INHIBITORS also inhibit dopamine uptake. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
67025
Concept ID:
C0242980
Pharmacologic Substance
14.

Substance-Related Disorder

A category of psychiatric disorders which include disorders related to the taking of a drug of abuse (including alcohol, prescribed medications and recreational drugs). [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
66746
Concept ID:
C0236969
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
15.

Cocaine-induced organic mental disorder

Disorders related or resulting from use of cocaine. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
66741
Concept ID:
C0236736
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
16.

Mental disorder

A disorder characterized by behavioral and/or psychological abnormalities, often accompanied by physical symptoms. The symptoms may cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social and occupational areas of functioning. Representative examples include anxiety disorders, cognitive disorders, mood disorders and schizophrenia. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
14047
Concept ID:
C0004936
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
17.

UPREG

A positive regulatory effect on physiological processes at the molecular, cellular, or systemic level. At the molecular level, the major regulatory sites include membrane receptors, genes (GENE EXPRESSION REGULATION), mRNAs (RNA, MESSENGER), and proteins. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
12003
Concept ID:
C0041904
Molecular Function
18.

Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors

Drugs that inhibit the transport of neurotransmitters into axon terminals or into storage vesicles within terminals. For many transmitters, uptake determines the time course of transmitter action so inhibiting uptake prolongs the activity of the transmitter. Blocking uptake may also deplete available transmitter stores. Many clinically important drugs are uptake inhibitors although the indirect reactions of the brain rather than the acute block of uptake itself is often responsible for the therapeutic effects. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
11888
Concept ID:
C0040724
Pharmacologic Substance
19.

Alkaloid

A family or group of nitrogen-containing base compounds primarily derived from plant and animal sources. Many alkaloids are used medicinally, including cancer therapy. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
7968
Concept ID:
C0002062
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
20.

Agents, Dopaminergic

Any drugs that are used for their effects on dopamine receptors, on the life cycle of dopamine, or on the survival of dopaminergic neurons. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
4380
Concept ID:
C0013036
Pharmacologic Substance
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