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Items: 13

1.

Hemochromatosis

A disorder of iron metabolism characterized by a triad of HEMOSIDEROSIS; LIVER CIRRHOSIS; and DIABETES MELLITUS. It is caused by massive iron deposits in parenchymal cells that may develop after a prolonged increase of iron absorption. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Syndromes & Eponymic Diseases, 2d ed) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
5492
Concept ID:
C0018995
Disease or Syndrome
2.

HEMOCHROMATOSIS, TYPE 1

MedGen UID:
854011
Concept ID:
C3469186
Disease or Syndrome
3.

Hereditary hemochromatosis

HFE-associated hereditary hemochromatosis (HFE-HH) is characterized by inappropriately high absorption of iron by the gastrointestinal mucosa. The phenotypic spectrum of HFE-HH is now recognized to include: Those with clinical HFE-HH, in which manifestations of end-organ damage secondary to iron storage are present; Those with biochemical HFE-HH, in which the only evidence of iron overload is increased transferrin-iron saturation and increased serum ferritin concentration; Non-expressing p.Cys282Tyr homozygotes, in whom neither clinical manifestations of HFE-HH nor iron overload is present. Clinical HFE-HH is characterized by excessive storage of iron in the liver, skin, pancreas, heart, joints, and testes. In untreated individuals, early symptoms may include: abdominal pain, weakness, lethargy, and weight loss; the risk of cirrhosis is significantly increased when the serum ferritin is higher than 1,000 ng/mL; other findings may include progressive increase in skin pigmentation, diabetes mellitus, congestive heart failure, and/or arrhythmias, arthritis, and hypogonadism. Clinical HFE-HH is more common in men than women. [from GTR]

MedGen UID:
833595
Concept ID:
CN229568
Disease or Syndrome
4.

Iron agent

A metallic element with atomic symbol Fe, atomic number 26, and atomic weight 55.85. It is an essential constituent of HEMOGLOBINS; CYTOCHROMES; and IRON-BINDING PROTEINS. It plays a role in cellular redox reactions and in the transport of OXYGEN. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
137068
Concept ID:
C0302583
Biologically Active Substance; Element, Ion, or Isotope; Pharmacologic Substance
5.

Iron Overload

Accumulation of iron in the tissues. It may be a manifestation of an inherited disorder (e.g., hemochromatosis) or acquired (in patients with repeated blood transfusions). Symptoms include hepatomegaly, arthritis, diabetes mellitus, and bronzed skin. If untreated it has a progressive course and may lead to death. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
79398
Concept ID:
C0282193
Disease or Syndrome
6.

Hemochromatosis type 1

HFE-associated hereditary hemochromatosis (HFE-HH) is characterized by inappropriately high absorption of iron by the gastrointestinal mucosa. The phenotypic spectrum of HFE-HH is now recognized to include: Those with clinical HFE-HH, in which manifestations of end-organ damage secondary to iron storage are present; Those with biochemical HFE-HH, in which the only evidence of iron overload is increased transferrin-iron saturation and increased serum ferritin concentration; Non-expressing p.Cys282Tyr homozygotes, in whom neither clinical manifestations of HFE-HH nor iron overload is present. Clinical HFE-HH is characterized by excessive storage of iron in the liver, skin, pancreas, heart, joints, and testes. In untreated individuals, early symptoms may include: abdominal pain, weakness, lethargy, and weight loss; the risk of cirrhosis is significantly increased when the serum ferritin is higher than 1,000 ng/mL; other findings may include progressive increase in skin pigmentation, diabetes mellitus, congestive heart failure, and/or arrhythmias, arthritis, and hypogonadism. Clinical HFE-HH is more common in men than women. [from GTR]

MedGen UID:
140272
Concept ID:
C0392514
Disease or Syndrome
7.

Disorder of iron metabolism

Disorders in the processing of iron in the body: its absorption, transport, storage, and utilization. (From Mosby's Medical, Nursing, & Allied Health Dictionary, 4th ed) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
8438
Concept ID:
C0012715
Disease or Syndrome
8.

Inborn genetic diseases

Diseases that are caused by genetic mutations present during embryo or fetal development, although they may be observed later in life. The mutations may be inherited from a parent's genome or they may be acquired in utero. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
181981
Concept ID:
C0950123
Disease or Syndrome
9.

Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases

A collective term for nutritional disorders resulting from poor absorption or nutritional imbalance, and metabolic disorders resulting from defects in biosynthesis (ANABOLISM) or breakdown (CATABOLISM) of endogenous substances. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
45164
Concept ID:
C0028715
Disease or Syndrome
10.

Metabolic disease

A congenital (due to inherited enzyme abnormality) or acquired (due to failure of a metabolic important organ) disorder resulting from an abnormal metabolic process. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
44376
Concept ID:
C0025517
Disease or Syndrome
11.

Congenital, Hereditary, and Neonatal Diseases and Abnormalities

Diseases existing at birth and often before birth, or that develop during the first month of life (INFANT, NEWBORN, DISEASES), regardless of causation. Of these diseases, those characterized by structural deformities are termed CONGENITAL ABNORMALITIES. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
14319
Concept ID:
C0027612
Congenital Abnormality; Disease or Syndrome
12.

Metal Metabolism, Inborn Errors

Dysfunctions in the metabolism of metals resulting from inborn genetic mutations that are inherited or acquired in utero. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
6325
Concept ID:
C0025534
Disease or Syndrome
13.

Inborn error of metabolism

A group of disorders present at birth that involve genetic defects leading to disturbances in carbohydrate, lipid, lysosomal storage or amino acid metabolism in the body. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
6323
Concept ID:
C0025521
Congenital Abnormality; Disease or Syndrome
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