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Items: 19

1.

Renal cyst

A fluid filled sac in the kidney. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
7215
Concept ID:
C0022679
Disease or Syndrome
2.

Polycystic kidney disease 2

Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is generally a late-onset multisystem disorder characterized by: bilateral renal cysts; cysts in other organs including the liver, seminal vesicles, pancreas, and arachnoid membrane; vascular abnormalities including intracranial aneurysms, dilatation of the aortic root, and dissection of the thoracic aorta; mitral valve prolapse; and abdominal wall hernias. Renal manifestations include hypertension, renal pain, and renal insufficiency. Approximately 50% of individuals with ADPKD have end-stage renal disease (ESRD) by age 60 years. The prevalence of liver cysts, the most common extrarenal manifestation of ADPKD, increases with age and may have been underestimated by ultrasound studies. The prevalence of intracranial aneurysms is higher in those with a positive family history of aneurysms or subarachnoid hemorrhage (22%) than in those without such a family history (6%). Mitral valve prolapse, the most common valvular abnormality, occurs in up to 25% of affected individuals. Substantial variability in severity of renal disease and other extrarenal manifestations occurs even within the same family. [from GeneReviews]

MedGen UID:
442699
Concept ID:
C2751306
Disease or Syndrome
3.

Cyst Formation

A morphologic finding indicating the presence of cystic structures in a tissue sample. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
353587
Concept ID:
C1707597
Finding
4.

Cyst

Any fluid-filled closed cavity or sac that is lined by an EPITHELIUM. Cysts can be of normal, abnormal, non-neoplastic, or neoplastic tissues. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
41396
Concept ID:
C0010709
Disease or Syndrome
5.

Enlarged polycystic kidneys

The presence of multiple cysts in both kidneys. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
291343
Concept ID:
C1567435
Anatomical Abnormality
6.

Luminal

MedGen UID:
147015
Concept ID:
C0699493
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
7.

Nephropathy

You have two kidneys, each about the size of your fist. They are near the middle of your back, just below the rib cage. Inside each kidney there are about a million tiny structures called nephrons. They filter your blood. They remove wastes and extra water, which become urine. The urine flows through tubes called ureters. It goes to your bladder, which stores the urine until you go to the bathroom. Most kidney diseases attack the nephrons. This damage may leave kidneys unable to remove wastes. Causes can include genetic problems, injuries, or medicines. You have a higher risk of kidney disease if you have diabetes, high blood pressure, or a close family member with kidney disease. Chronic kidney disease damages the nephrons slowly over several years. Other kidney problems include. -Cancer. -Cysts. -Stones. -Infections. Your doctor can do blood and urine tests to check if you have kidney disease. If your kidneys fail, you will need dialysis or a kidney transplant. NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
9635
Concept ID:
C0022658
Disease or Syndrome
8.

Leucine

One of nine essential amino acids in humans (provided by food), Leucine is important for protein synthesis and many metabolic functions. Leucine contributes to regulation of blood-sugar levels; growth and repair of muscle and bone tissue; growth hormone production; and wound healing. Leucine also prevents breakdown of muscle proteins after trauma or severe stress and may be beneficial for individuals with phenylketonuria. Leucine is available in many foods and deficiency is rare. (NCI04) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
7312
Concept ID:
C0023401
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Biologically Active Substance; Pharmacologic Substance
9.

Renal cyst

A cyst is a fluid-filled sac. There are two types of kidney cysts. . Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) runs in families. In PKD, the cysts take the place of the normal tissue. They enlarge the kidneys and make them work poorly, leading to kidney failure. When PKD causes kidneys to fail - which usually happens after many years - people need dialysis or kidney transplantation. About half of people with the most common type of PKD end up with kidney failure. PKD also causes cysts in other parts of the body, such as the liver. . Symptoms of PKD include. -Pain in the back and lower sides. -Headaches. -Urinary tract infections. -Blood in the urine. Doctors diagnose PKD with imaging tests and family history. Treatments include medications, and, when people with PKD develop kidney failure, dialysis or kidney transplants. Acquired cystic kidney disease (ACKD) usually happens in people who are on dialysis. Unlike PKD, the kidneys are normal sized, and cysts do not form in other parts of the body. People with ACKD already have chronic kidney disease when they develop cysts. ACKD often has no symptoms. In most cases, the cysts are harmless and do not need treatment. . NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
854361
Concept ID:
C3887499
Disease or Syndrome
10.

Rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma

MedGen UID:
698687
Concept ID:
C1275421
Neoplastic Process
11.

Ectatic

The condition of being dilated or stretched. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
148572
Concept ID:
C0700124
Finding
12.

Abnormality of the kidney

An abnormality of the kidney. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
78593
Concept ID:
C0266292
Congenital Abnormality
13.

Polycystic kidney dysplasia

The presence of multiple cysts in both kidneys. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
9639
Concept ID:
C0022680
Disease or Syndrome; Finding
14.

Mutagenesis Process

Process of generating a genetic MUTATION. It may occur spontaneously or be induced by MUTAGENS. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
86969
Concept ID:
C0079866
Molecular Function
15.

Multiple glomerular cysts

The presence of many cysts in the glomerulus of the kidney related to dilatation of the Bowman's capsule. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
893156
Concept ID:
C4022013
Pathologic Function
16.

Solitary renal cyst

A single cyst located in the kidney. [from NCI_NICHD]

MedGen UID:
868442
Concept ID:
C4022836
Disease or Syndrome; Finding
17.

Multiple embryonic cysts

MedGen UID:
689804
Concept ID:
C1265733
Congenital Abnormality
18.

Cortical cystic disease

MedGen UID:
609110
Concept ID:
C0431713
Congenital Abnormality; Disease or Syndrome
19.

Simple renal cyst

A homogenous cyst located in the kidney.(NICHD) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
78701
Concept ID:
C0268800
Disease or Syndrome
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