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1.

Coronary artery disease

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common type of heart disease. It is the leading cause of death in the United States in both men and women. CAD happens when the arteries that supply blood to heart muscle become hardened and narrowed. This is due to the buildup of cholesterol and other material, called plaque, on their inner walls. This buildup is called atherosclerosis. As it grows, less blood can flow through the arteries. As a result, the heart muscle can't get the blood or oxygen it needs. This can lead to chest pain (angina) or a heart attack. Most heart attacks happen when a blood clot suddenly cuts off the hearts' blood supply, causing permanent heart damage. . Over time, CAD can also weaken the heart muscle and contribute to heart failure and arrhythmias. Heart failure means the heart can't pump blood well to the rest of the body. Arrhythmias are changes in the normal beating rhythm of the heart. . NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
365486
Concept ID:
C1956346
Disease or Syndrome
2.

Coronary Artery Disease

MedGen UID:
881070
Concept ID:
CN236626
Disease or Syndrome
3.

Chronic kidney disease

You have two kidneys, each about the size of your fist. Their main job is to filter wastes and excess water out of your blood to make urine. They also keep the body's chemical balance, help control blood pressure, and make hormones. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) means that your kidneys are damaged and can't filter blood as they should. This damage can cause wastes to build up in your body. It can also cause other problems that can harm your health. Diabetes and high blood pressure are the most common causes of CKD. The kidney damage occurs slowly over many years. Many people don't have any symptoms until their kidney disease is very advanced. Blood and urine tests are the only way to know if you have kidney disease. Treatment may include medicines to lower blood pressure, control blood glucose, and lower blood cholesterol. CKD can get worse over time. CKD may lead to kidney failure. The only treatment options for kidney failure are dialysis or a kidney transplantation. You can take steps to keep your kidneys healthier longer:. -Choose foods with less salt (sodium). -Keep your blood pressure below 130/80. -Keep your blood glucose in the target range, if you have diabetes. NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
473458
Concept ID:
C1561643
Disease or Syndrome
4.

Chronic kidney disease

Functional anomaly of the kidney persisting for at least three months. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
196667
Concept ID:
C0748318
Finding
5.

Abnormality of the kidney

An abnormality of the kidney. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
78593
Concept ID:
C0266292
Congenital Abnormality
6.

Risk factor

Something that increases the chance of developing a disease. Some examples of risk factors for cancer are age, a family history of certain cancers, use of tobacco products, being exposed to radiation or certain chemicals, infection with certain viruses or bacteria, and certain genetic changes. [from NCI_NCI-GLOSS]

MedGen UID:
48477
Concept ID:
C0035648
Finding
7.

Nephropathy

You have two kidneys, each about the size of your fist. They are near the middle of your back, just below the rib cage. Inside each kidney there are about a million tiny structures called nephrons. They filter your blood. They remove wastes and extra water, which become urine. The urine flows through tubes called ureters. It goes to your bladder, which stores the urine until you go to the bathroom. Most kidney diseases attack the nephrons. This damage may leave kidneys unable to remove wastes. Causes can include genetic problems, injuries, or medicines. You have a higher risk of kidney disease if you have diabetes, high blood pressure, or a close family member with kidney disease. Chronic kidney disease damages the nephrons slowly over several years. Other kidney problems include. -Cancer. -Cysts. -Stones. -Infections. Your doctor can do blood and urine tests to check if you have kidney disease. If your kidneys fail, you will need dialysis or a kidney transplant. NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
9635
Concept ID:
C0022658
Disease or Syndrome
8.

Electrocardiogram

MedGen UID:
3992
Concept ID:
C0013798
Finding
9.

Croup

Croup is an inflammation of the vocal cords (larynx) and windpipe (trachea). It causes difficulty breathing, a barking cough, and a hoarse voice. The cause is usually a virus, often parainfluenza virus. Other causes include allergies and reflux. Croup often starts out like a cold. But then the vocal cords and windpipe become swollen, causing the hoarseness and the cough. There may also be a fever and high-pitched noisy sounds when breathing. The symptoms are usually worse at night, and last for about three to five days. Children between the ages of 6 months and 3 years have the highest risk of getting croup. They may also have more severe symptoms. Croup is more common in the fall and winter. Most cases of viral croup are mild and can be treated at home. Rarely, croup can become serious and interfere with your child's breathing. If you are worried about your child's breathing, call your health care provider right away.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
3668
Concept ID:
C0010380
Disease or Syndrome
10.

Nephropathy

A nonspecific term referring to disease or damage of the kidneys. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
898017
Concept ID:
C1408258
Finding
11.

Cold agglutinin disease

Cold agglutinin disease is a type of autoimmune hemolytic anemia (see this term) defined by the presence of cold autoantibodies (autoantibodies which are active at temperatures below 30°C). [from ORDO]

MedGen UID:
798230
Concept ID:
CN205305
Disease or Syndrome
12.

Independent

MedGen UID:
721426
Concept ID:
C1299583
Finding
13.

Pressure

MedGen UID:
632176
Concept ID:
C0460139
Finding
14.

High risk of

The potential future harm that may arise from some present action or attribute or condition is almost certain. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
568174
Concept ID:
C0332167
Finding
15.

Probable diagnosis

MedGen UID:
568163
Concept ID:
C0332148
Finding
16.

EGFR-related lung cancer

MedGen UID:
472093
Concept ID:
CN130014
Disease or Syndrome
17.

Abnormality of the cardiovascular system

Any abnormality of the cardiovascular system. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
427888
Concept ID:
CN001481
Finding
18.

History of previous events

The aggregate of past events; the continuum of events occurring in succession leading from the past to the present; a record or narrative description of past events. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
389153
Concept ID:
C2004062
Finding
19.

ECG abnormality

Any cardiac rhythm other than the normal sinus rhythm. Such a rhythm may be either of sinus or ectopic origin and either regular or irregular. An arrhythmia may be due to a disturbance in impulse formation or conduction or both. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
321993
Concept ID:
C1832603
Finding
20.

Arrhythmia

Any cardiac rhythm other than the normal sinus rhythm. Such a rhythm may be either of sinus or ectopic origin and either regular or irregular. An arrhythmia may be due to a disturbance in impulse formation or conduction or both. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
167788
Concept ID:
C0855329
Finding
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