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Vegetarian diet

MedGen UID:
137147
Concept ID:
C0311164
Finding; Therapeutic or Preventive Procedure
Synonyms: Diet, Vegetarian; Diets, Vegetarian; Vegetarian Diet; Vegetarian Diets; Vegetarianism
SNOMED CT: Vegetarian diet (5940000); Vegetarian diet - no meat (5940000)
 

Definition

A vegetarian diet focuses on plants for food. These include fruits, vegetables, dried beans and peas, grains, seeds and nuts. There is no single type of vegetarian diet. Instead, vegetarian eating patterns usually fall into the following groups: . - The vegan diet, which excludes all meat and animal products. - The lacto vegetarian diet, which includes plant foods plus dairy products. - The lacto-ovo vegetarian diet, which includes both dairy products and eggs. People who follow vegetarian diets can get all the nutrients they need. However, they must be careful to eat a wide variety of foods to meet their nutritional needs. Nutrients vegetarians may need to focus on include protein, iron, calcium, zinc and vitamin B12. . United States Department of Agriculture.  [from MedlinePlus]

Term Hierarchy

CClinical test,  RResearch test,  OOMIM,  GGeneReviews,  VClinVar  
  • CROGVVegetarian diet

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Shridhar K, Dhillon PK, Bowen L, Kinra S, Bharathi AV, Prabhakaran D, Reddy KS, Ebrahim S; Indian Migration Study Group.
PLoS One 2014;9(10):e110586. Epub 2014 Oct 24 doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0110586. PMID: 25343719Free PMC Article
Kwok CS, Umar S, Myint PK, Mamas MA, Loke YK
Int J Cardiol 2014 Oct 20;176(3):680-6. Epub 2014 Aug 4 doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2014.07.080. PMID: 25149402
Pilis W, Stec K, Zych M, Pilis A
Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig 2014;65(1):9-14. PMID: 24964573
Michalak J, Zhang XC, Jacobi F
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2012 Jun 7;9:67. doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-9-67. PMID: 22676203Free PMC Article
Herman K, Czajczyńska-Waszkiewicz A, Kowalczyk-Zając M, Dobrzyński M
Postepy Hig Med Dosw (Online) 2011 Nov 25;65:764-9. PMID: 22173441

Diagnosis

Shen Y, Wu Y, Lu Q, Ren M
J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2016 Jan;42(1):87-94. Epub 2015 Oct 12 doi: 10.1111/jog.12834. PMID: 26458740
Choi SH, Oh DJ, Kwon KH, Lee JK, Koh MS, Lee JH, Kang HW
Turk J Gastroenterol 2015 Jul;26(4):336-43. Epub 2015 Jun 2 doi: 10.5152/tjg.2015.0046. PMID: 26039004
Kwok CS, Umar S, Myint PK, Mamas MA, Loke YK
Int J Cardiol 2014 Oct 20;176(3):680-6. Epub 2014 Aug 4 doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2014.07.080. PMID: 25149402
Pilis W, Stec K, Zych M, Pilis A
Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig 2014;65(1):9-14. PMID: 24964573
Yang SY, Li XJ, Zhang W, Liu CQ, Zhang HJ, Lin JR, Yan B, Yu YX, Shi XL, Li CD, Li WH
Nutr Clin Pract 2012 Jun;27(3):392-8. Epub 2012 Mar 12 doi: 10.1177/0884533611436173. PMID: 22412169

Therapy

Kwok CS, Umar S, Myint PK, Mamas MA, Loke YK
Int J Cardiol 2014 Oct 20;176(3):680-6. Epub 2014 Aug 4 doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2014.07.080. PMID: 25149402
Pilis W, Stec K, Zych M, Pilis A
Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig 2014;65(1):9-14. PMID: 24964573
Herman K, Czajczyńska-Waszkiewicz A, Kowalczyk-Zając M, Dobrzyński M
Postepy Hig Med Dosw (Online) 2011 Nov 25;65:764-9. PMID: 22173441
Walcher T, Haenle MM, Mason RA, Koenig W, Imhof A, Kratzer W; EMIL Study Group.
Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2010 Nov;22(11):1345-51. doi: 10.1097/MEG.0b013e32833efdb2. PMID: 20802339
Thomas E, von Unruh GE, Hesse A
Eur J Clin Nutr 2008 Sep;62(9):1090-7. Epub 2007 Jul 4 doi: 10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602832. PMID: 17609696

Prognosis

Krivosíková Z, Krajcovicová-Kudlácková M, Spustová V, Stefíková K, Valachovicová M, Blazícek P, Nĕmcová T
Eur J Nutr 2010 Apr;49(3):147-53. Epub 2009 Oct 7 doi: 10.1007/s00394-009-0059-1. PMID: 19809862
Thorpe DL, Knutsen SF, Beeson WL, Rajaram S, Fraser GE
Public Health Nutr 2008 Jun;11(6):564-72. Epub 2007 Aug 9 doi: 10.1017/S1368980007000808. PMID: 17686206Free PMC Article
Burke LE, Hudson AG, Warziski MT, Styn MA, Music E, Elci OU, Sereika SM
Am J Clin Nutr 2007 Sep;86(3):588-96. PMID: 17823421
Koebnick C, Hoffmann I, Dagnelie PC, Heins UA, Wickramasinghe SN, Ratnayaka ID, Gruendel S, Lindemans J, Leitzmann C
J Nutr 2004 Dec;134(12):3319-26. PMID: 15570032
Lea E, Worsley A
Public Health Nutr 2003 Aug;6(5):505-11. doi: 10.1079/PHN2002452. PMID: 12943567

Clinical prediction guides

Tonstad S, Nathan E, Oda K, Fraser GE
Public Health Nutr 2015 Jun;18(8):1482-7. Epub 2014 Sep 29 doi: 10.1017/S1368980014002183. PMID: 25263477Free PMC Article
Kwok CS, Umar S, Myint PK, Mamas MA, Loke YK
Int J Cardiol 2014 Oct 20;176(3):680-6. Epub 2014 Aug 4 doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2014.07.080. PMID: 25149402
Pilis W, Stec K, Zych M, Pilis A
Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig 2014;65(1):9-14. PMID: 24964573
Herman K, Czajczyńska-Waszkiewicz A, Kowalczyk-Zając M, Dobrzyński M
Postepy Hig Med Dosw (Online) 2011 Nov 25;65:764-9. PMID: 22173441
Krivosíková Z, Krajcovicová-Kudlácková M, Spustová V, Stefíková K, Valachovicová M, Blazícek P, Nĕmcová T
Eur J Nutr 2010 Apr;49(3):147-53. Epub 2009 Oct 7 doi: 10.1007/s00394-009-0059-1. PMID: 19809862

Recent systematic reviews

Huang RY, Huang CC, Hu FB, Chavarro JE
J Gen Intern Med 2016 Jan;31(1):109-16. doi: 10.1007/s11606-015-3390-7. PMID: 26138004Free PMC Article
Piccoli GB, Clari R, Vigotti FN, Leone F, Attini R, Cabiddu G, Mauro G, Castelluccia N, Colombi N, Capizzi I, Pani A, Todros T, Avagnina P
BJOG 2015 Apr;122(5):623-33. Epub 2015 Jan 20 doi: 10.1111/1471-0528.13280. PMID: 25600902
Kwok CS, Umar S, Myint PK, Mamas MA, Loke YK
Int J Cardiol 2014 Oct 20;176(3):680-6. Epub 2014 Aug 4 doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2014.07.080. PMID: 25149402
Craig WJ, Mangels AR; American Dietetic Association.
J Am Diet Assoc 2009 Jul;109(7):1266-82. PMID: 19562864
Müller H, de Toledo FW, Resch KL
Scand J Rheumatol 2001;30(1):1-10. PMID: 11252685

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