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Items: 8

1.

Dementia

Dementia is the name for a group of symptoms caused by disorders that affect the brain. It is not a specific disease. People with dementia may not be able to think well enough to do normal activities, such as getting dressed or eating. They may lose their ability to solve problems or control their emotions. Their personalities may change. They may become agitated or see things that are not there. . Memory loss is a common symptom of dementia. However, memory loss by itself does not mean you have dementia. People with dementia have serious problems with two or more brain functions, such as memory and language. Although dementia is common in very elderly people, it is not part of normal aging. Many different diseases can cause dementia, including Alzheimer's disease and stroke. Drugs are available to treat some of these diseases. While these drugs cannot cure dementia or repair brain damage, they may improve symptoms or slow down the disease. NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
99229
Concept ID:
C0497327
Finding; Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
2.

Cholinesterase Inhibitors

any substance or agent which suppresses, prevents or opposes the action of cholinesterase resulting in the potentiation of the action of endogenously released acetylcholine at cholinergic synapses; cholinesterase inhibition is associated with a variety of acute symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, blurred vision, stomach cramps, and rapid heart rate. [from CRISP]

MedGen UID:
40269
Concept ID:
C0008425
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
3.

Memantine

AMANTADINE derivative that has some dopaminergic effects. It has been proposed as an antiparkinson agent. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
7526
Concept ID:
C0025242
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
4.

Donepezil + memantine

MedGen UID:
905008
Concept ID:
C3652776
Pharmacologic Substance
5.

Vascular dementia

An imprecise term referring to dementia associated with CEREBROVASCULAR DISORDERS, including CEREBRAL INFARCTION (single or multiple), and conditions associated with chronic BRAIN ISCHEMIA. Diffuse, cortical, and subcortical subtypes have been described. (From Gerontol Geriatr 1998 Feb;31(1):36-44) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
41447
Concept ID:
C0011269
Disease or Syndrome
6.

Rivastigmine tartrate

The tartrate salt form of rivastigmine, a phenylcarbamate derivative exhibiting cognitive stimulating property. Although the mechanism of action has not been fully elucidated, rivastigmine tartrate may bind reversibly to cholinesterase, thereby decreasing the breakdown of acetylcholine and enhancing cholinergic function. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
162843
Concept ID:
C0772415
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
7.

Exelon

MedGen UID:
147596
Concept ID:
C0730987
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
8.

Nivaline

MedGen UID:
45114
Concept ID:
C0028221
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
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