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Items: 1 to 20 of 45

1.

Colitis

Colitis refers to an inflammation of the colon and is often used to describe an inflammation of the large intestine (colon, cecum and rectum). Colitides may be acute and self-limited or chronic, and broadly fit into the category of digestive diseases. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
40385
Concept ID:
C0009319
Disease or Syndrome
2.

Luteolin

5,7,3',4'-tetrahydroxy-flavone, one of the FLAVONES. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
31175
Concept ID:
C0065264
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
3.

Weight loss

Decrease in existing BODY WEIGHT. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
853198
Concept ID:
C1262477
Finding; Finding
4.

DNA Fragmentation

Splitting the DNA into shorter pieces by endonucleolytic DNA CLEAVAGE at multiple sites. It includes the internucleosomal DNA fragmentation, which along with chromatin condensation, are considered to be the hallmarks of APOPTOSIS. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
138244
Concept ID:
C0376669
Molecular Function
5.

Dextran

group of glucose polymers made by certain bacteria; dextrans are used therapeutically as plasma volume expanders and anticoagulants; they are also commonly used in biological experimentation and in industry for a wide variety of purposes. [from CRISP]

MedGen UID:
39398
Concept ID:
C0086140
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
6.

Sodium sulfate

A white, inorganic crystalline compound with various industrial uses. Sodium sulfate is found in many common electrolyte solutions used in clinical diagnostic purpose. Since this agent is poorly absorbed in the body, and could draw water out of the cells, sometimes it is used as a cathartic or diuretic. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
34664
Concept ID:
C0074769
Inorganic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
7.

Fragmentation

MedGen UID:
568358
Concept ID:
C0332472
Anatomical Abnormality
8.

Acute colitis

An acute and self-limited inflammatory disease of the large intestine (colon, cecum and rectum). [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
451087
Concept ID:
C2118460
Disease or Syndrome
9.

46,XY sex reversal, type 2

Swyer syndrome is a condition that affects sexual development. Sexual development is usually determined by an individual's chromosomes; however, in Swyer syndrome, sexual development does not match the affected individual's chromosomal makeup.People usually have 46 chromosomes in each cell. Two of the 46 chromosomes, known as X and Y, are called sex chromosomes because they help determine whether a person will develop male or female sex characteristics. Girls and women typically have two X chromosomes (46,XX karyotype), while boys and men usually have one X chromosome and one Y chromosome (46,XY karyotype). In Swyer syndrome, individuals with one X chromosome and one Y chromosome in each cell, the pattern typically found in boys and men, have female reproductive structures.People with Swyer syndrome have typical female external genitalia. The uterus and fallopian tubes are normally-formed, but the gonads (ovaries or testes) are not functional; affected individuals have undeveloped clumps of tissue called streak gonads. Because of the lack of development of the gonads, Swyer syndrome is also called 46,XY complete gonadal dysgenesis. The residual gonadal tissue often becomes cancerous, so it is usually removed surgically early in life.People with Swyer syndrome are typically raised as girls and have a female gender identity. Because they do not have functional ovaries, affected individuals usually begin hormone replacement therapy during adolescence to induce menstruation and development of female secondary sex characteristics such as breast enlargement and uterine growth. Hormone replacement therapy also helps reduce the risk of reduced bone density (osteopenia and osteoporosis). Women with this disorder do not produce eggs (ova), but they may be able to become pregnant with a donated egg or embryo.Swyer syndrome usually affects only sexual development; such cases are called isolated Swyer syndrome. However, depending on the genetic cause, Swyer syndrome may also occur along with health conditions such as nerve problems (neuropathy) or as part of a syndrome such as campomelic dysplasia, which causes severe skeletal abnormalities.
[from GHR]

MedGen UID:
341190
Concept ID:
C1848296
Disease or Syndrome
10.

Worse

Condition changed and worsened [from CCC]

MedGen UID:
264163
Concept ID:
C1457868
Finding
11.

Fish-eye disease

Fish-eye disease, also called partial LCAT deficiency, is a disorder that causes the clear front surface of the eyes (the corneas) to gradually become cloudy. The cloudiness, which generally first appears in adolescence or early adulthood, consists of small grayish dots of cholesterol (opacities) distributed across the corneas. Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance that is produced in the body and obtained from foods that come from animals; it aids in many functions of the body but can become harmful in excessive amounts. As fish-eye disease progresses, the corneal cloudiness worsens and can lead to severely impaired vision. [from GHR]

MedGen UID:
83354
Concept ID:
C0342895
Disease or Syndrome
12.

Ameliorated by

Weakened or thinned. Attenuated strains of disease-causing bacteria and viruses are often used as vaccines. The weakened strains are used as vaccines because they stimulate a protective immune response while causing no disease or only mild disease in the person receiving the vaccine. [from NCI_NCI-GLOSS]

MedGen UID:
83049
Concept ID:
C0332161
Qualitative Concept
13.

Acute

Sudden appearance of disease manifestations over a short period of time. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
61381
Concept ID:
C0205178
Temporal Concept
14.

Isoflavones

3-Phenylchromones. Isomeric form of FLAVONOIDS in which the benzene group is attached to the 3 position of the benzopyran ring instead of the 2 position. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
7168
Concept ID:
C0022179
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
15.

Dejerine-Sottas disease

Dejerine-Sottas neuropathy is a demyelinating peripheral neuropathy with onset in infancy. It can show autosomal dominant or recessive inheritance. Affected individuals have delayed motor development due to severe distal motor and sensory impairment, resulting in difficulties in gait. Some patients have generalized hypotonia in infancy. Other features may include pes cavus, scoliosis, and sensory ataxia. Nerve conduction velocities are severely decreased (sometimes less than 10 m/s), and sural nerve biopsy shows severe loss of myelinated fibers (summary by Baets et al., 2011). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
3710
Concept ID:
C0011195
Disease or Syndrome
16.

Caspase Inhibitors

Endogenous and exogenous compounds and that either inhibit CASPASES or prevent their activation. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
273884
Concept ID:
C1516312
Pharmacologic Substance
17.

Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

Pharmacological activities at the molecular level of DRUGS and other exogenous compounds that are used to treat DISEASES and affect normal BIOCHEMISTRY. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
226255
Concept ID:
C1258062
Molecular Function
18.

Prostenon

MedGen UID:
152085
Concept ID:
C0699578
Hormone; Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
19.

Epidermal growth factor

A 6-kDa polypeptide growth factor initially discovered in mouse submaxillary glands. Human epidermal growth factor was originally isolated from urine based on its ability to inhibit gastric secretion and called urogastrone. Epidermal growth factor exerts a wide variety of biological effects including the promotion of proliferation and differentiation of mesenchymal and EPITHELIAL CELLS. It is synthesized as a transmembrane protein which can be cleaved to release a soluble active form. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
66867
Concept ID:
C0242275
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Hormone; Pharmacologic Substance
20.

Mediator of inflammation

The endogenous compounds that mediate inflammation (AUTACOIDS) and related exogenous compounds including the synthetic prostaglandins (PROSTAGLANDINS, SYNTHETIC). [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
66209
Concept ID:
C0243042
Pharmacologic Substance
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