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MedGen UID:
Concept ID:
Organism Function
Synonyms: Gestation; Pregnancies
SNOMED CT: Gestation (77386006); Pregnancy, function (289908002); Pregnancy (289908002)


The state or condition of having a developing embryo or fetus in the body (uterus), after union of an ovum and spermatozoon, during the period from conception to birth. [from NCI]

Professional guidelines


Berglund L, Brunzell JD, Goldberg AC, Goldberg IJ, Sacks F, Murad MH, Stalenhoef AF; Endocrine society.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2012 Sep;97(9):2969-89. doi: 10.1210/jc.2011-3213. PMID: 22962670Free PMC Article

Recent systematic reviews

Gould GS, Lim LL, Mattes J
Chest 2017 Oct;152(4):853-866. Epub 2017 Jul 8 doi: 10.1016/j.chest.2017.06.033. PMID: 28694200
Leyva-Moral JM, Piscoya-Angeles PN, Edwards JE, Palmieri PA
J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care 2017 Jul - Aug;28(4):587-602. Epub 2017 Apr 13 doi: 10.1016/j.jana.2017.04.002. PMID: 28479291
Maravilla JC, Betts KS, Couto E Cruz C, Alati R
Am J Obstet Gynecol 2017 Nov;217(5):527-545.e31. Epub 2017 Apr 19 doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2017.04.021. PMID: 28433733
Headen I, Cohen AK, Mujahid M, Abrams B
Obes Rev 2017 Mar;18(3):350-369. doi: 10.1111/obr.12486. PMID: 28170169
Rogne T, Tielemans MJ, Chong MF, Yajnik CS, Krishnaveni GV, Poston L, Jaddoe VW, Steegers EA, Joshi S, Chong YS, Godfrey KM, Yap F, Yahyaoui R, Thomas T, Hay G, Hogeveen M, Demir A, Saravanan P, Skovlund E, Martinussen MP, Jacobsen GW, Franco OH, Bracken MB, Risnes KR
Am J Epidemiol 2017 Feb 1;185(3):212-223. doi: 10.1093/aje/kww212. PMID: 28108470Free PMC Article

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