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Items: 1 to 20 of 23

1.

Nicotine dependence

Physical and psychological dependence on nicotine. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
45086
Concept ID:
C0028043
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
2.

Dependence

The psychological or physiological need to take a substance in oder to experience its effects or to avoid the effects of its absence. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
141006
Concept ID:
C0439857
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
3.

Drug Dependence

Drug dependence - replaced the term "drug addiction" and is defined as a state, psychic and sometimes also physical, resulting from the interaction between a living organism and a drug, characterized by behavioral and other responses that always include a compulsion to take the drug on a continuous or periodic basis in order to experience its psychic effects, and sometimes to avoid the discomfort of its absence. Tolerance may or may not be present. A person may be dependent on more than one drug. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
307144
Concept ID:
C1510472
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
4.

Substance Dependence

MedGen UID:
20989
Concept ID:
C0038580
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
5.

Alcohol dependence

For most adults, moderate alcohol use is probably not harmful. However, about 18 million adult Americans have an alcohol use disorder. This means that their drinking causes distress and harm. It includes alcoholism and alcohol abuse. Alcoholism, or alcohol dependence, is a disease that causes. -Craving - a strong need to drink. -Loss of control - not being able to stop drinking once you've started. -Physical dependence - withdrawal symptoms. -Tolerance - the need to drink more alcohol to feel the same effect. With alcohol abuse, you are not physically dependent, but you still have a serious problem. The drinking may cause problems at home, work, or school. It may cause you to put yourself in dangerous situations, or lead to legal or social problems. Another common problem is binge drinking. It is drinking about five or more drinks in two hours for men. For women, it is about four or more drinks in two hours. Too much alcohol is dangerous. Heavy drinking can increase the risk of certain cancers. It can cause damage to the liver, brain, and other organs. Drinking during pregnancy can harm your baby. Alcohol also increases the risk of death from car crashes, injuries, homicide, and suicide. If you want to stop drinking, there is help. Start by talking to your health care provider. Treatment may include medicines, counseling, and support groups. NIH: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
1801
Concept ID:
C0001973
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
6.

Alcoholism

MedGen UID:
910816
Concept ID:
CN241664
Finding
7.

Opioid dependence

MedGen UID:
99372
Concept ID:
C0524662
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
8.

Opiate agonist

A class of synthetic chemicals/drugs similar to opiates (opium derivatives) with analgesic properties. Due to binding to opiate receptors, opioids mimic opiate activity on neurons, various cells (i.e. lymphocytes), pain suppression and other neurobehavioral activity. (NCI) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
66892
Concept ID:
C0242402
Hazardous or Poisonous Substance; Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
9.

Aarskog syndrome

Aarskog-Scott syndrome, also known as faciogenital dysplasia, is an X-linked disorder characterized by short stature, hypertelorism, shawl scrotum, and brachydactyly, although there is wide phenotypic variability and other features, such as joint hyperextensibility, short nose, widow's peak, and inguinal hernia, may also occur. Most patients do not have mental retardation, but some may have neurobehavioral features. Carrier females may present with subtle features, such as widow's peak or short stature (summary by Orrico et al., 2010). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
61234
Concept ID:
C0175701
Disease or Syndrome
10.

Diagnosis, Psychiatric

MedGen UID:
138165
Concept ID:
C0376338
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
11.

Genetic predisposition

A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
137259
Concept ID:
C0314657
Organism Attribute
12.

Substance-Related Disorders

Disorders related to substance abuse. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
66746
Concept ID:
C0236969
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
13.

Cocaine-induced organic mental disorder

Disorders related or resulting from use of cocaine. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
66741
Concept ID:
C0236736
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
14.

Tobacco Use Disorder

Any disease or disorder that is caused by the use of tobacco. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
21192
Concept ID:
C0040336
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
15.

Mental disorder

Mental disorders include a wide range of problems, including. -Anxiety disorders, including panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, and phobias. -Bipolar disorder. -Depression. -Mood disorders. -Personality disorders. -Psychotic disorders, including schizophrenia. There are many causes of mental disorders. Your genes and family history may play a role. Your life experiences, such as stress or a history of abuse, may also matter. Biological factors can also be part of the cause. A traumatic brain injury can lead to a mental disorder. A mother's exposure to viruses or toxic chemicals while pregnant may play a part. Other factors may increase your risk, such as use of illegal drugs or having a serious medical condition like cancer. Medications and counseling can help many mental disorders. .  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
14047
Concept ID:
C0004936
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
16.

Opioid-induced organic mental disorder

Disorders related or resulting from abuse or mis-use of opioids. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
10264
Concept ID:
C0027412
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
17.

genetic linkage

The co-inheritance of two or more non-allelic GENES due to their being located more or less closely on the same CHROMOSOME. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
6102
Concept ID:
C0023745
Molecular Function
18.

Cocaine-Related Disorders

MedGen UID:
910419
Concept ID:
CN240612
Disease or Syndrome
19.

Opioid-Related Disorders

MedGen UID:
880961
Concept ID:
CN236652
Disease or Syndrome
20.

Abuse by sibling

MedGen UID:
747362
Concept ID:
C2316463
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
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