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Items: 6

1.

Folate

Class of water-soluble vitamins that are coenzymes in single-carbon transfers in the metabolism of nucleic and amino acids. (DRI) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
59819
Concept ID:
C0178638
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance; Vitamin
2.

Erythropoietin

a hormone produced in the adult kidney [from CHV]

MedGen UID:
41863
Concept ID:
C0014822
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Hormone; Pharmacologic Substance
3.

Anemia

If you have anemia, your blood does not carry enough oxygen to the rest of your body. The most common cause of anemia is not having enough iron. Your body needs iron to make hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is an iron-rich protein that gives the red color to blood. It carries oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body. Anemia has three main causes: blood loss, lack of red blood cell production, and high rates of red blood cell destruction. Conditions that may lead to anemia include. -Heavy periods. -Pregnancy. -Ulcers. -Colon polyps or colon cancer. -Inherited disorders. -A diet that does not have enough iron, folic acid or vitamin B12. -Blood disorders such as sickle cell anemia and thalassemia, or cancer. -Aplastic anemia, a condition that can be inherited or acquired. -G6PD deficiency, a metabolic disorder. Anemia can make you feel tired, cold, dizzy, and irritable. You may be short of breath or have a headache. Your doctor will diagnose anemia with a physical exam and blood tests. Treatment depends on the kind of anemia you have. NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
1526
Concept ID:
C0002871
Disease or Syndrome
4.

Anemia of prematurity

A blood disorder characterized by low hemoglobin levels in premature neonates that usually spontaneously resolves within 3-6 months post birth. A combination of factors including the transition from the liver to the bone marrow for erythropoiesis in a neonate, blood loss experienced during delivery, the shortened life span of fetal blood cells, and an acclimation to a relatively hyperoxic environment outside the womb can predispose a neonate to this condition. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
472907
Concept ID:
C0158996
Disease or Syndrome
5.

Anemia

A reduction in erythrocytes volume or hemoglobin concentration. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
56401
Concept ID:
C0162119
Finding
6.

Vitamins

Vitamins are substances that your body needs to grow and develop normally. There are 13 vitamins your body needs. They are. -Vitamin A. -B vitamins (thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, pantothenic acid, biotin, vitamin B-6, vitamin B-12 and folate). -Vitamin C. -Vitamin D. -Vitamin E. -Vitamin K. You can usually get all your vitamins from the foods you eat. Your body can also make vitamins D and K. People who eat a vegetarian diet may need to take a vitamin B12 supplement. . Each vitamin has specific jobs. If you have low levels of certain vitamins, you may get health problems. For example, if you don't get enough vitamin C, you could become anemic. Some vitamins may help prevent medical problems. Vitamin A prevents night blindness. The best way to get enough vitamins is to eat a balanced diet with a variety of foods. In some cases, you may need to take vitamin supplements. It's a good idea to ask your health care provider first. High doses of some vitamins can cause problems.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
12117
Concept ID:
C0042890
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance; Vitamin
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