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1.

Experimental Organism Benign Adenomyoepithelioma

A benign neoplasm characterized by the proliferation of cells with myoepithelial differentiation around spaces which are lined by epithelial cells. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
226847
Concept ID:
C1266146
Neoplastic Process
2.

Invasive Ductal Carcinoma, Not Otherwise Specified

The most common type of invasive breast cancer. It starts in the cells that line the milk ducts in the breast, grows outside the ducts, and often spreads to the lymph nodes. [from NCI_NCI-GLOSS]

MedGen UID:
209548
Concept ID:
C1134719
Neoplastic Process
3.

Error occurred: cannot get document summary

ID:
924235

4.

Epithelial Neoplasm

A benign or malignant neoplasm that arises from and is composed of epithelial cells. This category include adenomas, papillomas, and carcinomas. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
277963
Concept ID:
C1368683
Neoplastic Process
5.

Malignant Neoplasm

Cancer begins in your cells, which are the building blocks of your body. Normally, your body forms new cells as you need them, replacing old cells that die. Sometimes this process goes wrong. New cells grow even when you don't need them, and old cells don't die when they should. These extra cells can form a mass called a tumor. Tumors can be benign or malignant. Benign tumors aren't cancer while malignant ones are. Cells from malignant tumors can invade nearby tissues. They can also break away and spread to other parts of the body. . Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. There are more than 100 different types of cancer. Most cancers are named for where they start. For example, lung cancer starts in the lung, and breast cancer starts in the breast. The spread of cancer from one part of the body to another is called metastasis. Symptoms and treatment depend on the cancer type and how advanced it is. Most treatment plans may include surgery, radiation and/or chemotherapy. Some may involve hormone therapy, biologic therapy, or stem cell transplantation. . NIH: National Cancer Institute.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
14297
Concept ID:
C0006826
Neoplastic Process
6.

Necrosis

A permanent cessation of all vital functions of a tissue. [GOC:dph] [from GO]

MedGen UID:
10199
Concept ID:
C0027540
Organ or Tissue Function; Pathologic Function
7.

Carcinoma

A malignant tumor arising from epithelial cells. Carcinomas that arise from glandular epithelium are called adenocarcinomas, those that arise from squamous epithelium are called squamous cell carcinomas, and those that arise from transitional epithelium are called transitional cell carcinomas (NCI Thesaurus). [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
2867
Concept ID:
C0007097
Neoplastic Process
8.

Carcinoma

MedGen UID:
910818
Concept ID:
CN241453
Finding
9.

Apparent mineralocorticoid excess

A rare autosomal recessive disorder characterised by very early-onset and severe hypertension, low renin levels, low aldosterone, metabolic alkalosis, hypernatraemia, and hypokalaemia. [from SNOMEDCT_US]

MedGen UID:
854657
Concept ID:
C3887949
Disease or Syndrome
10.

Epithelioma, malignant

MedGen UID:
639977
Concept ID:
C0553707
Neoplastic Process
11.

Apparent mineralocorticoid excess

Apparent mineralocorticoid excess (AME) is an autosomal recessive form of low-renin hypertension associated with low aldosterone, metabolic alkalosis, hypernatremia, and hypokalemia. The disorder is due to a congenital defect in 11-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type II (HSD11B2) activity, resulting in decreased conversion of biologically active cortisol to inactive cortisone; this defect allows cortisol to act as a ligand for the mineralocorticoid receptor, resulting in sodium retention and volume expansion. There is a favorable therapeutic response to spironolactone (review by Ferrari, 2010). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
424836
Concept ID:
C2936861
Disease or Syndrome
12.

Cell Invasion

The movement of one cell type into an area normally occupied by a different cell type. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
397081
Concept ID:
C2699153
Pathologic Function
13.

atypia morphology

State of being not typical or normal. In medicine, atypia is an abnormality in cells in tissue. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
152855
Concept ID:
C0741302
Finding
14.

Proliferation

Growth and reproduction of new similar forms, e.g. cells, buds, or offspring. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
137720
Concept ID:
C0334094
Functional Concept; Pathologic Function
15.

Neoplasm of breast

Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
264172
Concept ID:
C1458155
Neoplastic Process
16.

Neoplasms, Complex and Mixed

Neoplasms composed of more than one type of neoplastic tissue. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
60223
Concept ID:
C0206764
Neoplastic Process
17.

Adenoid cystic carcinoma

Carcinoma characterized by bands or cylinders of hyalinized or mucinous stroma separating or surrounded by nests or cords of small epithelial cells. When the cylinders occur within masses of epithelial cells, they give the tissue a perforated, sievelike, or cribriform appearance. Such tumors occur in the mammary glands, the mucous glands of the upper and lower respiratory tract, and the salivary glands. They are malignant but slow-growing, and tend to spread locally via the nerves. (Dorland, 27th ed) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
41382
Concept ID:
C0010606
Neoplastic Process
18.

Disorder of skin

Your skin is your body's largest organ. It covers and protects your body. Your skin. -Holds body fluids in, preventing dehydration. -Keeps harmful microbes out, preventing infections. -Helps you feel things like heat, cold, and pain. -Keeps your body temperature even. -Makes vitamin D when the sun shines on it. Anything that irritates, clogs, or inflames your skin can cause symptoms such as redness, swelling, burning, and itching. Allergies, irritants, your genetic makeup, and certain diseases and immune system problems can cause rashes, hives, and other skin conditions. Many skin problems, such as acne, also affect your appearance. NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
20777
Concept ID:
C0037274
Disease or Syndrome
19.

Neoplasms, Multiple Primary

Two or more abnormal growths of tissue occurring simultaneously and presumed to be of separate origin. The neoplasms may be histologically the same or different, and may be found in the same or different sites. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
14323
Concept ID:
C0027663
Neoplastic Process
20.

Myoepithelioma

A benign or malignant epithelial neoplasm characterized by the presence of cells that show myoepithelial differentiation. Based on its morphologic features, it is classified as benign or malignant. A representative example of benign myoepithelioma is benign salivary gland myoepithelioma. Representative examples of malignant myoepithelioma or myoepithelial carcinoma are malignant breast myoepithelioma and salivary gland myoepithelial carcinoma. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
10235
Concept ID:
C0027070
Neoplastic Process
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