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1.

Mowat-Wilson syndrome

Mowat-Wilson syndrome (MWS) is characterized by the following: Distinctive facial features. Structural anomalies including: Hirschsprung disease. Genitourinary anomalies (particularly hypospadias in males). Congenital heart defects (particularly abnormalities of the pulmonary arteries and/or valves). Agenesis or hypogenesis of the corpus callosum. Eye defects (microphthalmia and Axenfeld anomaly). Functional differences including: Moderate to severe intellectual disability. Severe speech impairment with relative preservation of receptive language. Seizures. Growth retardation with microcephaly. Chronic constipation in those without Hirschsprung disease. [from GTR]

MedGen UID:
341067
Concept ID:
C1856113
Disease or Syndrome
2.

Mild

Having a relatively minor degree of severity. For quantitative traits, a deviation of between two and three standard deviations from the appropriate population mean. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
268697
Concept ID:
C1513302
Finding
3.

Zinc

A metallic element of atomic number 30 and atomic weight 65.38. It is a necessary trace element in the diet, forming an essential part of many enzymes, and playing an important role in protein synthesis and in cell division. Zinc deficiency is associated with ANEMIA, short stature, HYPOGONADISM, impaired WOUND HEALING, and geophagia. It is known by the symbol Zn. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
22752
Concept ID:
C0043481
Biologically Active Substance; Element, Ion, or Isotope; Pharmacologic Substance
4.

Syndrome

A characteristic symptom complex. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
11688
Concept ID:
C0039082
Disease or Syndrome
5.

Multiple congenital anomalies

Congenital abnormalities that affect more than one organ or body structure. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
7806
Concept ID:
C0000772
Congenital Abnormality
6.

Amino acid

Any organic compounds containing amino (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) groups. In biochemistry, used to refer to the twenty-plus L-alpha-amino acids found in proteins. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
250
Concept ID:
C0002520
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Biologically Active Substance; Pharmacologic Substance
7.

Congenital anomalies

MedGen UID:
851041
Concept ID:
CN232116
Disease or Syndrome
8.

Intellectual disability

Subnormal intellectual functioning which originates during the developmental period. Intellectual disability, previously referred to as mental retardation, has been defined as an IQ score below 70. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
811461
Concept ID:
C3714756
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
9.

Multiple congenital anomalies

MedGen UID:
807337
Concept ID:
CN218431
Finding
10.

Borries syndrome

MedGen UID:
542920
Concept ID:
C0270677
Disease or Syndrome
11.

Intellectual disability

Subnormal intellectual functioning which originates during the developmental period. Intellectual disability, previously referred to as mental retardation, has been defined as an IQ score below 70. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
334384
Concept ID:
C1843367
Finding
12.

Severe

Having a high degree of severity. For quantitative traits, a deviation of between four and five standard deviations from the appropriate population mean. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
104640
Concept ID:
C0205082
Qualitative Concept
13.

Intellectual disability, severe

Severe mental retardation is defined as an intelligence quotient (IQ) in the range of 20-34. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
48638
Concept ID:
C0036857
Finding; Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
14.

Intellectual functioning disability

A developmental disorder characterized by less than average intelligence and significant limitations in adaptive behavior with onset before the age of 18. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
7544
Concept ID:
C0025362
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
15.

Neurodevelopmental disorder

Neurodevelopmental disorder is a behavioral and cognitive disorder with onset during the developmental period that involve impaired or aberrant development of intellectual, motor, or social functions. [from SNOMEDCT_US]

MedGen UID:
453059
Concept ID:
C1535926
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
16.

Mental deficiency

Subnormal intellectual functioning which originates during the developmental period. Intellectual disability, previously referred to as mental retardation, has been defined as an IQ score below 70. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
214593
Concept ID:
C0917816
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
17.

Diagnosis, Psychiatric

MedGen UID:
138165
Concept ID:
C0376338
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
18.

Neurobehavioral Manifestations

Signs and symptoms of higher cortical dysfunction caused by organic conditions. These include certain behavioral alterations and impairments of skills involved in the acquisition, processing, and utilization of knowledge or information. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
105653
Concept ID:
C0525041
Sign or Symptom
19.

Intellectual disability, profound

Profound mental retardation is defined as an intelligence quotient (IQ) below 20. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
43816
Concept ID:
C0020796
Finding; Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
20.

Clinical finding

Clinical manifestations that can be either objective when observed by a physician, or subjective when perceived by the patient. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
19974
Concept ID:
C0037088
Sign or Symptom
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