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Items: 14

1.

Leishmaniasis

Leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease spread by the bite of infected sand flies. There are several different forms of leishmaniasis. The most common are cutaneous and visceral. The cutaneous type causes skin sores. The visceral type affects internal organs such as the spleen, liver, and bone marrow. People with this form usually have fever, weight loss, and an enlarged spleen and liver. . Leishmaniasis is found in parts of about 88 countries. Most of these countries are in the tropics and subtropics. It is possible but very unlikely that you would get this disease in the United States. But you should be aware of it if you are traveling to the Middle East or parts of Central America, South America, Asia, Africa or southern Europe. . Treatment is with medicines that contain antimony, a type of metal, or with strong antibiotics. The best way to prevent the disease is to protect yourself from sand fly bites:. -Stay indoors from dusk to dawn, when sand flies are the most active. -Wear long pants and long-sleeved shirts when outside. -Use insect repellent and bed nets as needed. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
9714
Concept ID:
C0023281
Disease or Syndrome
2.

Kala-azar susceptibility 1

MedGen UID:
370034
Concept ID:
C1969520
Finding
3.

Visceral leishmaniasis

A chronic disease caused by LEISHMANIA DONOVANI and transmitted by the bite of several sandflies of the genera Phlebotomus and Lutzomyia. It is commonly characterized by fever, chills, vomiting, anemia, hepatosplenomegaly, leukopenia, hypergammaglobulinemia, emaciation, and an earth-gray color of the skin. The disease is classified into three main types according to geographic distribution: Indian, Mediterranean (or infantile), and African. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
44098
Concept ID:
C0023290
Disease or Syndrome
4.

Post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis

A cutaneous form of leishmaniasis which sometimes occurs after visceral leishmaniasis treatment. It is characterized by hypo-pigmented macules, papules, plaques, nodules, or facial erythema; and is considered to be a durable infection reservoir for visceral leishmaniasis. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
10868
Concept ID:
C0032749
Disease or Syndrome
5.

Usually

A response indicating that something happens or happened most of the time. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
854883
Concept ID:
C3888388
Finding
6.

Clinical Cure

There are no signs or symptoms of disease in the individual who previously had a disease. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
769480
Concept ID:
C3640840
Finding
7.

Employed

MedGen UID:
642401
Concept ID:
C0557351
Finding
8.

Pathogenesis

specific processes that generate the ability of an organism to cause disease [from CHV]

MedGen UID:
195936
Concept ID:
C0699748
Pathologic Function
9.

Possible

Capable of happening or occurring. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
137646
Concept ID:
C0332149
Finding
10.

Euglenozoa Infections

Infections with the protozoa of the phylum EUGLENOZOA. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
404001
Concept ID:
C2717956
Disease or Syndrome
11.

Disease caused by parasite

Parasites are living things that use other living things - like your body - for food and a place to live. You can get them from contaminated food or water, a bug bite, or sexual contact. Some parasitic diseases are easily treated and some are not. Parasites range in size from tiny, one-celled organisms called protozoa to worms that can be seen with the naked eye. Some parasitic diseases occur in the United States. Contaminated water supplies can lead to Giardia infections. Cats can transmit toxoplasmosis, which is dangerous for pregnant women. Others, like malaria, are common in other parts of the world. . If you are traveling, it's important to drink only water you know is safe. Prevention is especially important. There are no vaccines for parasitic diseases. Some medicines are available to treat parasitic infections.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
45325
Concept ID:
C0030499
Disease or Syndrome
12.

Protozoan infection

Infections with unicellular organisms formerly members of the subkingdom Protozoa. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
19532
Concept ID:
C0033740
Disease or Syndrome
13.

Up-Regulation (Physiology)

A positive regulatory effect on physiological processes at the molecular, cellular, or systemic level. At the molecular level, the major regulatory sites include membrane receptors, genes (GENE EXPRESSION REGULATION), mRNAs (RNA, MESSENGER), and proteins. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
12003
Concept ID:
C0041904
Molecular Function
14.

Infection by Histomonas

MedGen UID:
5574
Concept ID:
C0019640
Disease or Syndrome
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