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Neoplasm of head and neck

MedGen UID:
78920
Concept ID:
C0278996
Neoplastic Process
Synonyms: Head and neck cancer; Head and neck tumor
SNOMED CT: Malignant tumor of head and/or neck (255056009); Malignant tumor of head and neck (255056009)
 

Definition

Head and neck cancer includes cancers of the mouth, nose, sinuses, salivary glands, throat, and lymph nodes in the neck. Most begin in the moist tissues that line the mouth, nose, and throat. Symptoms include. - A lump or sore that does not heal. - A sore throat that does not go away. - Trouble swallowing. - A change or hoarseness in the voice. Head and neck cancers are twice as common in men. Using tobacco or alcohol increases your risk. In fact, around 75 percent of head and neck cancers are linked to tobacco use, including smoking and smokeless tobacco. Infection with HPV is a risk factor for some head and neck cancers. . To diagnose head and neck cancer, your doctor will do a physical exam and diagnostic tests. You will have a biopsy, where a sample of tissue is taken out and examined under a microscope. It is the only test that can tell for sure if you have cancer. If found early, these cancers are often curable. Treatments may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination. Treatments can affect eating, speaking or even breathing, so patients may need rehabilitation. NIH: National Cancer Institute.  [from MedlinePlus]

Term Hierarchy

CClinical test,  RResearch test,  OOMIM,  GGeneReviews,  VClinVar  
  • CROGVNeoplasm of head and neck

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Wided BA, Hamouda B, Hamadi H, Mansour BA
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2015;16(7):2653-7. PMID: 25854341

Therapy

Shi HB, Masuda M, Umezaki T, Kuratomi Y, Kumamoto Y, Yamamoto T, Komiyama S
Auris Nasus Larynx 2004 Dec;31(4):401-6. doi: 10.1016/j.anl.2004.05.002. PMID: 15571914

Prognosis

Wided BA, Hamouda B, Hamadi H, Mansour BA
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2015;16(7):2653-7. PMID: 25854341

Clinical prediction guides

Wided BA, Hamouda B, Hamadi H, Mansour BA
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2015;16(7):2653-7. PMID: 25854341
Shi HB, Masuda M, Umezaki T, Kuratomi Y, Kumamoto Y, Yamamoto T, Komiyama S
Auris Nasus Larynx 2004 Dec;31(4):401-6. doi: 10.1016/j.anl.2004.05.002. PMID: 15571914

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