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An alkaloid isolated from the root of Sinomenium acutum with immunomodulatory and potential anti-angiogenic and activities. Although the mechanism of action remains to be fully elucidated, sinomenine appears to inhibit endothelial proliferation mediated through basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), which may contribute to its anti-angiogenic effect. In Chinese medicine, this agent has a long track-record in treating arthritis, which is accounted by its ability to inhibit proliferation of synovial fibroblasts and lymphocytes. In addition, sinomenine has been shown to suppress expressions of genes involved in inflammation and apoptosis, such as interleukin-6, a pleiotropic inflammatory cytokine and JAK3 (Janus kinase 3), Daxx (death-associated protein 6), plus HSP27 (heat shock 27kDa protein 1), respectively. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
Concept ID:
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance

Protein binding

The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
Concept ID:
Molecular Function

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