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Items: 8

1.

Multicystic kidney dysplasia

A nongenetic defect due to malformation of the KIDNEY which appears as a bunch of grapes with multiple renal cysts but lacking the normal renal bean shape, and the collection drainage system. This condition can be detected in-utero with ULTRASONOGRAPHY. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
811388
Concept ID:
C3714581
Congenital Abnormality; Disease or Syndrome
2.

Multicystic kidney

The presence of multiple cysts in both kidneys. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
291343
Concept ID:
C1567435
Anatomical Abnormality; Body Part, Organ, or Organ Component; Disease or Syndrome
3.

Inborn genetic diseases

Diseases that are caused by genetic mutations present during embryo or fetal development, although they may be observed later in life. The mutations may be inherited from a parent's genome or they may be acquired in utero. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
181981
Concept ID:
C0950123
Disease or Syndrome
4.

Polycystic kidney disease, adult type

Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease has the cardinal manifestations of renal cysts, liver cysts, and intracranial aneurysm. Acute and chronic pain and nephrolithiasis are common complications. The most serious renal complication is end-stage renal disease, which occurs in approximately 50% of patients by the age of 60 years. The typical age of onset is in middle life, but the range is from infancy to 80 years (summary by Wu and Somlo, 2000). Genetic Heterogeneity of Polycystic Kidney Disease Polycystic kidney disease-2 (PKD2; 613095) is caused by mutation in the PKD2 gene (173910) on chromosome 4q22; PKD3 (600666) is caused by mutation in the GANAB gene (104160) on chromosome 11q13; and ARPKD (263200) is caused by mutation in the PKHD1 gene (606702) on chromosome 6p. [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
88404
Concept ID:
C0085413
Congenital Abnormality; Disease or Syndrome
5.

Polycystic kidney dysplasia

The presence of multiple cysts in both kidneys. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
9639
Concept ID:
C0022680
Disease or Syndrome; Finding
6.

Nephropathy

Your kidneys are two bean-shaped organs, each about the size of your fists. They are located near the middle of your back, just below the rib cage. Inside each kidney about a million tiny structures called nephrons filter blood. They remove waste products and extra water, which become urine. The urine flows through tubes called ureters to your bladder, which stores the urine until you go to the bathroom. . Most kidney diseases attack the nephrons. This damage may leave kidneys unable to remove wastes. Causes can include genetic problems, injuries, or medicines. You are at greater risk for kidney disease if you have diabetes, high blood pressure, or a close family member with kidney disease. Chronic kidney disease damages the nephrons slowly over several years. Other kidney problems include:. -Cancer. -Cysts. -Stones. -Infections. Your doctor can run tests to find out if you have kidney disease. If your kidneys fail completely, a kidney transplant or dialysis can replace the work your kidneys normally do. NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
9635
Concept ID:
C0022658
Disease or Syndrome
7.

Multiple congenital anomalies

Congenital abnormalities that affect more than one organ or body structure. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
7806
Concept ID:
C0000772
Congenital Abnormality
8.

Renal cyst

A fluid filled sac in the kidney. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
7215
Concept ID:
C0022679
Disease or Syndrome
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