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Items: 10

1.

Squamous cell carcinoma

The presence of squamous cell carcinoma of the skin. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
505376
Concept ID:
CN002585
Finding
2.

Squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck

Squamous cell carcinoma is a cancer that arises from particular cells called squamous cells. Squamous cells are found in the outer layer of skin and in the mucous membranes, which are the moist tissues that line body cavities such as the airways and intestines. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) develops in the mucous membranes of the mouth, nose, and throat.HNSCC is classified by its location: it can occur in the mouth (oral cavity), the middle part of the throat near the mouth (oropharynx), the space behind the nose (nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses), the upper part of the throat near the nasal cavity (nasopharynx), the voicebox (larynx), or the lower part of the throat near the larynx (hypopharynx). Depending on the location, the cancer can cause abnormal patches or open sores (ulcers) in the mouth and throat, unusual bleeding or pain in the mouth, sinus congestion that does not clear, sore throat, earache, pain when swallowing or difficulty swallowing, a hoarse voice, difficulty breathing, or enlarged lymph nodes.HNSCC can spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body, such as the lymph nodes or lungs. If it spreads, the cancer has a worse prognosis and can be fatal. About half of affected individuals survive more than five years after diagnosis.
[from GHR]

MedGen UID:
257911
Concept ID:
C1168401
Neoplastic Process
3.

Carcinoma, Squamous Cell

The presence of squamous cell carcinoma of the skin. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
2874
Concept ID:
C0007137
Neoplastic Process
4.

Fatigue

Everyone feels tired now and then. Sometimes you may just want to stay in bed. But, after a good night's sleep, most people feel refreshed and ready to face a new day. If you continue to feel tired for weeks, it's time to see your doctor. He or she may be able to help you find out what's causing your fatigue and recommend ways to relieve it. Fatigue itself is not a disease. Medical problems, treatments, and personal habits can add to fatigue. These include. -Taking certain medicines, such as antidepressants, antihistamines, and medicines for nausea and pain. -Having medical treatments, like chemotherapy and radiation. -Recovering from major surgery. -Anxiety, stress, or depression. -Staying up too late. -Drinking too much alcohol or too many caffeinated drinks. -Pregnancy. One disorder that causes extreme fatigue is chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). This fatigue is not the kind of tired feeling that goes away after you rest. Instead, it lasts a long time and limits your ability to do ordinary daily activities. NIH: National Institute on Aging.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
41971
Concept ID:
C0015672
Sign or Symptom
5.

Carcinoma

A malignant tumor arising from epithelial cells. Carcinomas that arise from glandular epithelium are called adenocarcinomas, those that arise from squamous epithelium are called squamous cell carcinomas, and those that arise from transitional epithelium are called transitional cell carcinomas (NCI Thesaurus). [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
2867
Concept ID:
C0007097
Neoplastic Process
6.

Carcinoma

MedGen UID:
910818
Concept ID:
CN241453
Finding
7.

Neoplasm of head and neck

Head and neck cancer includes cancers of the mouth, nose, sinuses, salivary glands, throat, and lymph nodes in the neck. Most begin in the moist tissues that line the mouth, nose and throat. Symptoms include. - A lump or sore that does not heal. - A sore throat that does not go away. - Trouble swallowing. - A change or hoarseness in the voice. Using tobacco or alcohol increases your risk. In fact, 85 percent of head and neck cancers are linked to tobacco use, including smoking and smokeless tobacco. If found early, these cancers are often curable. Treatments may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy or a combination. Treatments can affect eating, speaking or even breathing, so patients may need rehabilitation. NIH: National Cancer Institute.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
78920
Concept ID:
C0278996
Neoplastic Process
8.

Anemia

A reduction in erythrocytes volume or hemoglobin concentration. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
56401
Concept ID:
C0162119
Finding
9.

Head and Neck Neoplasms

A tumor (abnormal growth of tissue) of the head and neck region with origin in the lip, oral cavity, nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, pharynx, or larynx. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
6728
Concept ID:
C0018671
Neoplastic Process
10.

Neoplasm of the middle ear

A tumor (abnormal growth of tissue) of the middle ear. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
87509
Concept ID:
C0345617
Neoplastic Process
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