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Items: 17

1.

Epidermal growth factor

A 6-kDa polypeptide growth factor initially discovered in mouse submaxillary glands. Human epidermal growth factor was originally isolated from urine based on its ability to inhibit gastric secretion and called urogastrone. Epidermal growth factor exerts a wide variety of biological effects including the promotion of proliferation and differentiation of mesenchymal and EPITHELIAL CELLS. It is synthesized as a transmembrane protein which can be cleaved to release a soluble active form. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
66867
Concept ID:
C0242275
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Hormone; Pharmacologic Substance
2.

arsenite

MedGen UID:
26876
Concept ID:
C0052418
Inorganic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
3.

Phosphorylation

The creation of a phosphate derivative of an organic molecule. This is usually achieved by transferring a phosphate group from ATP via the action of a kinase. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
10742
Concept ID:
C0031715
Molecular Function
4.

Acetylation

Acetylation involves the covalent linkage of an acetyl group into an organic molecule. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
7840
Concept ID:
C0001038
Molecular Function
5.

Mitogen

A soluble substance, usually a protein, that induces mitosis in resting cells, thereby causing cell proliferation. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
7665
Concept ID:
C0026249
Pharmacologic Substance
6.

Acetate compound

Salt or ester form of acetic acid. Acetate is the most common building block for biosynthesis, such as fatty acids. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
452099
Concept ID:
C0000975
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
7.

Transient

Short-lived and not permanent. This term applies to a phenotypic abnormality that is temporary and of short duration. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
64403
Concept ID:
C0205374
Temporal Concept
8.

Stress

The negative mental, emotional, and physical reactions that occur when environmental stressors are perceived as exceeding the individual's adaptive capacities. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
20971
Concept ID:
C0038435
Finding
9.

Mitosis Modulators

Agents that affect MITOSIS of CELLS. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
288804
Concept ID:
C1563760
Pharmacologic Substance
10.

Biosynthesis, Peptide

The production of PEPTIDES or PROTEINS by the constituents of a living organism. The biosynthesis of proteins on RIBOSOMES following an RNA template is termed translation (TRANSLATION, GENETIC). There are other, non-ribosomal peptide biosynthesis (PEPTIDE BIOSYNTHESIS, NUCLEIC ACID-INDEPENDENT) mechanisms carried out by PEPTIDE SYNTHASES and PEPTIDYLTRANSFERASES. Further modifications of peptide chains yield functional peptide and protein molecules. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
272130
Concept ID:
C1327133
Molecular Function
11.

Protein Modification, Translational

Any of the enzymatically catalyzed modifications of the individual AMINO ACIDS of PROTEINS, and enzymatic cleavage or crosslinking of peptide chains that occur pre-translationally (on the amino acid component of AMINO ACYL TRNA), co-translationally (during the process of GENETIC TRANSLATION), or after translation is completed (POST-TRANSLATIONAL PROTEIN PROCESSING). [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
260537
Concept ID:
C1449566
Molecular Function
12.

Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

Pharmacological activities at the molecular level of DRUGS and other exogenous compounds that are used to treat DISEASES and affect normal BIOCHEMISTRY. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
226255
Concept ID:
C1258062
Molecular Function
13.

Genetic translation

Protein synthesis is the group of processes that are involved in generation of mature protein molecules. Although protein synthesis may involve translation alone in many cases, in others, it involves also protein folding, integration of prosthetic groups, glycosylation, methylation, phosphorylation, lipidation and any other process that may be involved in maturation of the polypeptide to the biologically active form. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
108933
Concept ID:
C0597295
Molecular Function
14.

Physiological stress

The unfavorable effect of environmental factors (stressors) on the physiological functions of an organism. Prolonged unresolved physiological stress can affect HOMEOSTASIS of the organism, and may lead to damaging or pathological conditions. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
105278
Concept ID:
C0449430
Pathologic Function
15.

Post-Translational Modification

The enzymatic processing of a polypeptide chain after translation from messenger RNA and after peptide bond formation has occurred. Examples include glycosylation, acylation, limited proteolysis, phosphorylation, isoprenylation.(On-line Medical Dictionary) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
46159
Concept ID:
C0033666
Molecular Function
16.

Methylation

The covalent chemical or biochemical addition of a methyl group(s) to a compound. (NCI) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
44400
Concept ID:
C0025723
Molecular Function
17.

Enzyme activation

Conversion of an inactive form of an enzyme to one possessing metabolic activity. It includes 1, activation by ions (activators); 2, activation by cofactors (coenzymes); and 3, conversion of an enzyme precursor (proenzyme or zymogen) to an active enzyme. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
41819
Concept ID:
C0014429
Molecular Function
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