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Items: 19

1.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is characterized by recurring obsessions and/or compulsions and has been estimated to affect nearly 5 million people in the United States (Karno et al., 1988). Evidence for a strong genetic component in OCD comes from twin studies, family genetics studies, and segregation analyses, as reviewed by Alsobrook et al. (2002). Zhang et al. (2002) suggested that hoarding is likely to be an evolutionarily conserved trait that, in times of adversity, was associated with increased survival and reproductive fitness. However, extreme forms of this trait are associated with marked disability and poor response to treatment (Black et al., 1998; Mataix-Cols et al., 1999). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
320254
Concept ID:
C1834037
Disease or Syndrome
2.

Obsessive-compulsive behavior

Recurrent obsessions or compulsions that are severe enough to be time consuming (i.e., they take more than 1 hour a day) or cause marked distress or significant impairment (DSM-IV). [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
109373
Concept ID:
C0600104
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
3.

Trichotillomania

Trichotillomania (TTM) is a neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by chronic, repetitive, or compulsive hair pulling resulting in noticeable hair loss. The activity causes distress to the individual and often interferes with functioning. Affected individuals may develop physical complications and often have overlapping psychologic disorders, such as Tourette syndrome (GTS; 137580) or obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD; 164230) (review by Novak et al., 2009). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
21654
Concept ID:
C0040953
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
4.

Gambling, pathologic

Pathologic gambling is defined as a chronic and progressive failure to resist impulses to gamble accompanied by gambling behavior that compromises or damages personal, family, or vocational pursuits. The prevalence of pathologic gambling in the adult American population is estimated to be between 1 and 3% (review by Eisen et al., 1998). Comings et al. (2001) noted that some form of gambling is legal in all but 2 states in the U.S., and gambling on the Internet is available to anyone with a computer regardless of the local laws. They stated that as access to gambling has increased, there has been a corresponding increase in the frequency of addiction to gambling, known as pathologic gambling. [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
14632
Concept ID:
C0030662
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
5.

Mental disorder

Mental disorders include a wide range of problems, including. -Anxiety disorders, including panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, and phobias. -Bipolar disorder. -Depression. -Mood disorders. -Personality disorders. -Psychotic disorders, including schizophrenia. There are many causes of mental disorders. Your genes and family history may play a role. Your life experiences, such as stress or a history of abuse, may also matter. Biological factors can also be part of the cause. A traumatic brain injury can lead to a mental disorder. A mother's exposure to viruses or toxic chemicals while pregnant may play a part. Other factors may increase your risk, such as use of illegal drugs or having a serious medical condition like cancer. Medications and counseling can help many mental disorders. .  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
14047
Concept ID:
C0004936
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
6.

Mental Disorders

MedGen UID:
910421
Concept ID:
CN240636
Disease or Syndrome
7.

dysmorphic

MedGen UID:
893259
Concept ID:
CN238735
Finding
8.

Tics

Repeated, individually recognizable, intermittent movements or movement fragments that are almost always briefly suppresable and are usually associated with awareness of an urge to perform the movement. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
853666
Concept ID:
C2169806
Sign or Symptom
9.

Hair-pulling

A phenomenon in which persons repetitively pull out their own hair, resulting in noticeable hair loss. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
830709
Concept ID:
CN167893
Finding
10.

Severe combined immunodeficiency disease

Severe combine immunodeficiency (SCID) is a primary immune deficiency that is characterized by a severe defect in both the T- and B-lymphocyte systems. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
88328
Concept ID:
C0085110
Disease or Syndrome
11.

Multiple endocrine neoplasia

An inherited condition that may result in the development of cancers of the endocrine system. There are several types of multiple endocrine neoplasia syndrome, and patients with each type may develop different types of cancer. The altered genes that cause each type can be detected with a blood test. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
45036
Concept ID:
C0027662
Neoplastic Process
12.

Impulsivity

An act performed without delay, reflection, voluntary direction or obvious control in response to a stimulus. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
43850
Concept ID:
C0021125
Individual Behavior
13.

Inborn genetic diseases

Diseases that are caused by genetic mutations present during embryo or fetal development, although they may be observed later in life. The mutations may be inherited from a parent's genome or they may be acquired in utero. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
181981
Concept ID:
C0950123
Disease or Syndrome
14.

Self-mutilation

Aggression towards oneself. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
88371
Concept ID:
C0085271
Finding; Individual Behavior
15.

Unspecified encephalopathy

Encephalopathy is a term that means brain disease, damage, or malfunction. In general, encephalopathy is manifested by an altered mental state. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
39314
Concept ID:
C0085584
Disease or Syndrome
16.

Tourette Syndrome

Tourette syndrome is a neurobehavioral disorder manifest particularly by motor and vocal tics and associated with behavioral abnormalities. Tics are sudden, brief, intermittent, involuntary or semi-voluntary movements (motor tics) or sounds (phonic or vocal tics). They typically consist of simple, coordinated, repetitive movements, gestures, or utterances that mimic fragments of normal behavior. Motor tics may range from simple blinking, nose twitching, and head jerking to more complex throwing, hitting, or making rude gestures. Phonic tics include sniffling, throat clearing, blowing, coughing, echolalia, or coprolalia. Males are affected about 3 times more often than females, and onset usually occurs between 3 and 8 years of age. By age 18 years, more than half of affected individuals are free of tics, but they may persist into adulthood (review by Jankovic, 2001). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
21219
Concept ID:
C0040517
Disease or Syndrome; Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
17.

Abnormality of the basal ganglia

Abnormality of the basal ganglia. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
14035
Concept ID:
C0004782
Disease or Syndrome
18.

Movement disorders

Imagine if parts of your body moved when you didn't want them to. If you have a movement disorder, you experience these kinds of impaired movement. Dyskinesia is abnormal uncontrolled movement and is a common symptom of many movement disorders. Tremors are a type of dyskinesia. . Nerve diseases cause many movement disorders, such as Parkinson's disease. Other causes include injuries, autoimmune diseases, infections and certain medicines. Many movement disorders are inherited, which means they run in families. Treatment varies by disorder. Medicine can cure some disorders. Others get better when an underlying disease is treated. Often, however, there is no cure. In that case, the goal of treatment is to improve symptoms and relieve pain.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
10113
Concept ID:
C0026650
Disease or Syndrome
19.

Morphological abnormality of the central nervous system

A structural abnormality of the central nervous system. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
3306
Concept ID:
C0007682
Disease or Syndrome
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