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Items: 16

1.

Quinone

MedGen UID:
203341
Concept ID:
C1096793
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
2.

Copper

A heavy metal trace element with the atomic symbol Cu, atomic number 29, and atomic weight 63.55. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
40479
Concept ID:
C0009968
Biologically Active Substance; Element, Ion, or Isotope; Pharmacologic Substance
3.

Tyrosine

Amino acid with side chain -CH2-C6H4OH. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
21746
Concept ID:
C0041485
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Biologically Active Substance; Pharmacologic Substance
4.

Phenylhydrazine

diazo derivative of aniline used as a reagent for sugars, ketones and aldehydes. [from CRISP]

MedGen UID:
10711
Concept ID:
C0031479
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
5.

Liquid

MedGen UID:
725915
Concept ID:
C1304698
Finding
6.

Pressure

MedGen UID:
632176
Concept ID:
C0460139
Finding
7.

Resonance

MedGen UID:
534094
Concept ID:
C0231881
Finding
8.

Peptide Biosynthesis

The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of peptides, compounds of 2 or more (but usually less than 100) amino acids where the alpha carboxyl group of one is bound to the alpha amino group of another. This may include the translation of a precursor protein and its subsequent processing into a functional peptide. [CHEBI:16670, GOC:dph, GOC:jl] [from GO]

MedGen UID:
272130
Concept ID:
C1327133
Molecular Function
9.

Protein Modification, Translational

Any of the enzymatically catalyzed modifications of the individual AMINO ACIDS of PROTEINS, and enzymatic cleavage or crosslinking of peptide chains that occur pre-translationally (on the amino acid component of AMINO ACYL TRNA), co-translationally (during the process of GENETIC TRANSLATION), or after translation is completed (POST-TRANSLATIONAL PROTEIN PROCESSING). [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
260537
Concept ID:
C1449566
Molecular Function
10.

Endorphenyl

MedGen UID:
155557
Concept ID:
C0751433
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Pharmacologic Substance
11.

Genetic translation

ribosome mediated process by which polypeptide chains are synthesized, the aminoacid sequence being completely determined by the sequence of bases in a messenger RNA, which in turn is determined by the sequences of bases in the DNA of the gene from which it was transcribed. [from CRISP]

MedGen UID:
108933
Concept ID:
C0597295
Molecular Function
12.

Protein Processing, Post-Translational

Any of various enzymatically catalyzed post-translational modifications of PEPTIDES or PROTEINS in the cell of origin. These modifications include carboxylation; HYDROXYLATION; ACETYLATION; PHOSPHORYLATION; METHYLATION; GLYCOSYLATION; ubiquitination; oxidation; proteolysis; and crosslinking and result in changes in molecular weight and electrophoretic motility. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
46159
Concept ID:
C0033666
Molecular Function
13.

Phenylalanine

An essential aromatic amino acid in humans (provided by food), Phenylalanine plays a key role in the biosynthesis of other amino acids and is important in the structure and function of many proteins and enzymes. Phenylalanine is converted to tyrosine, used in the biosynthesis of dopamine and norepinephrine neurotransmitters. The L-form of Phenylalanine is incorporated into proteins, while the D-form acts as a painkiller. Absorption of ultraviolet radiation by Phenylalanine is used to quantify protein amounts. (NCI04) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
10708
Concept ID:
C0031453
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Biologically Active Substance; Pharmacologic Substance
14.

Dihydroxyphenylalanine

A beta-hydroxylated derivative of phenylalanine. The D-form of dihydroxyphenylalanine has less physiologic activity than the L-form and is commonly used experimentally to determine whether the pharmacological effects of LEVODOPA are stereospecific. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
4378
Concept ID:
C0013023
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Biologically Active Substance; Neuroreactive Substance or Biogenic Amine; Pharmacologic Substance
15.

Catecholamine

A type of neurohormone (a chemical that is made by nerve cells and used to send signals to other cells). Catecholamines are important in stress responses. High levels cause high blood pressure which can lead to headaches, sweating, pounding of the heart, pain in the chest, and anxiety. Examples of catecholamines include dopamine, epinephrine (adrenaline), and norepinephrine (noradrenaline). [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
805
Concept ID:
C0007412
Biologically Active Substance; Neuroreactive Substance or Biogenic Amine; Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
16.

Copper AND/OR copper compound

MedGen UID:
550142
Concept ID:
C0303182
Inorganic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
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