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Items: 8

1.

Estrogens

A class of natural or synthetic hormones that binds to a cytoplasmic receptor and initiates translocation of the hormone-receptor complex to the nucleus of target cells of tissues rich in estrogen receptors, including the endometrium, myometrium, oviduct, vagina, fallopian tube, cervix, brain, liver, placenta, ovarian cells, Leydigs cells, kidney, prostate, pancreas, heart, and skin. (NCI) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
8701
Concept ID:
C0014939
Hormone; Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
2.

Calcitonin

A peptide hormone that lowers calcium concentration in the blood. In humans, it is released by thyroid cells and acts to decrease the formation and absorptive activity of osteoclasts. Its role in regulating plasma calcium is much greater in children and in certain diseases than in normal adults. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
2405
Concept ID:
C0006668
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Hormone; Pharmacologic Substance
3.

Prolonged

MedGen UID:
615082
Concept ID:
C0439590
Temporal Concept
4.

Amino acid

Any organic compounds containing amino (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) groups. In biochemistry, used to refer to the twenty-plus L-alpha-amino acids found in proteins. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
250
Concept ID:
C0002520
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Biologically Active Substance; Pharmacologic Substance
5.

Endopeptidases

nonEC category which corresponds to EC 3.4.21, EC 3.4.22, EC 3.4.23, EC 3.4.24, and EC 3.4.99. [from CRISP]

MedGen UID:
45389
Concept ID:
C0030946
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Enzyme; Pharmacologic Substance
6.

Disorder of bone

Your bones help you move, give you shape and support your body. They are living tissues that rebuild constantly throughout your life. During childhood and your teens, your body adds new bone faster than it removes old bone. After about age 20, you can lose bone faster than you make bone. To have strong bones when you are young, and to prevent bone loss when you are older, you need to get enough calcium, vitamin D, and exercise. You should also avoid smoking and drinking too much alcohol. Bone diseases can make bones easy to break. Different kinds of bone problems include. -Low bone density and osteoporosis, which make your bones weak and more likely to break . -Osteogenesis imperfecta makes your bones brittle . -Paget's disease of bone makes them weak . -Bones can also develop cancer and infections. - Other bone diseases, which are caused by poor nutrition, genetics, or problems with the rate of bone growth or rebuilding. NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
14182
Concept ID:
C0005940
Disease or Syndrome
7.

Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists

A collective grouping for both naturally occurring and synthetic hormones, substitutes, and antagonists. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
6887
Concept ID:
C0019934
Pharmacologic Substance
8.

Disorder of musculoskeletal system

A category of diseases that involve muscles and bones. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
6471
Concept ID:
C0026857
Disease or Syndrome
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