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Items: 10

1.

DNA Cleavage

A reaction that severs one of the covalent sugar-phosphate linkages between NUCLEOTIDES that compose the sugar phosphate backbone of DNA. It is catalyzed enzymatically, chemically or by radiation. Cleavage may be exonucleolytic - removing the end nucleotide, or endonucleolytic - splitting the strand in two. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
328454
Concept ID:
C1721094
Molecular Function
2.

Metal Ion Binding

Reference to a chemical group or moiety that can complex or chelate a metal ion. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
272122
Concept ID:
C1323274
Molecular Function
3.

Water

A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
22697
Concept ID:
C0043047
Inorganic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
4.

Much

A subjective response indicating that something is or was a large amount. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
923949
Concept ID:
C4281574
Finding
5.

Phosphate

PO4(3-). [from CRISP]

MedGen UID:
737350
Concept ID:
C1601799
Element, Ion, or Isotope; Pharmacologic Substance
6.

CHARGE association

CHARGE is a mnemonic forcoloboma,heart defects, choanalatresia,retarded growth and development,genital abnormalities, andear anomalies. CHARGE syndrome is characterized by the following: Unilateral or bilateral coloboma of the iris, retina-choroid, and/or disc with or without microphthalmos (80%-90% of individuals). Unilateral or bilateral choanal atresia or stenosis (50%-60%). Cranial nerve dysfunction resulting in hyposmia or anosmia, unilateral or bilateral facial palsy (40%), impaired hearing, and/or swallowing problems (70%-90%). Abnormal outer ears, ossicular malformations, Mondini defect of the cochlea and absent or hypoplastic semicircular canals (>90%). Cryptorchidism in males and hypogonadotropic hypogonadism in both males and females. Developmental delay. Cardiovascular malformations (75%-85%). Growth deficiency (70%-80%). Orofacial clefts (15%-20%). Tracheoesophageal fistula (15%-20%). Neonates with CHARGE syndrome often have multiple life-threatening medical conditions. Feeding difficulties are a major cause of morbidity in all age groups. [from GeneReviews]

MedGen UID:
75567
Concept ID:
C0265354
Disease or Syndrome
7.

Protein binding

The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
18704
Concept ID:
C0033618
Molecular Function
8.

Deoxyribonuclease

Enzymes that catalyze the hydrolytic cleavage of phosphodiester bond linkages in the DNA backbone. Deoxyribonucleases belong to a larger family of nucleases, which cleave DNA bases at various positions in the DNA backbone. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
8321
Concept ID:
C0011522
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Enzyme; Pharmacologic Substance
9.

Electrolyte

Substances that dissociate into two or more ions, to some extent, in water. Solutions of electrolytes thus conduct an electric current and can be decomposed by it (ELECTROLYSIS). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
3997
Concept ID:
C0013832
Inorganic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
10.

Magnesium Hydroxide (Mg(OH)4)

MedGen UID:
168272
Concept ID:
C0887165
Inorganic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
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