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Items: 13

1.

Luminal

MedGen UID:
147015
Concept ID:
C0699493
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
2.

Cystic fibrosis

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a multisystem disease affecting epithelia of the respiratory tract, exocrine pancreas, intestine, hepatobiliary system, and exocrine sweat glands. Morbidities include progressive obstructive lung disease with bronchiectasis, frequent hospitalizations for pulmonary disease, pancreatic insufficiency and malnutrition, recurrent sinusitis and bronchitis, and male infertility. Pulmonary disease is the major cause of morbidity and mortality in CF. Meconium ileus occurs at birth in 15%-20% of newborns with CF. More than 95% of males with CF are infertile. Congenital absence of the vas deferens (CAVD) is generally identified during evaluation of infertility or as an incidental finding at the time of a surgical procedure. Hypoplasia or aplasia of the vas deferens and seminal vesicles may occur either bilaterally or unilaterally. Testicular development and function and spermatogenesis are usually normal. [from GTR]

MedGen UID:
41393
Concept ID:
C0010674
Disease or Syndrome
3.

Phosphorylation

The creation of a phosphate derivative of an organic molecule. This is usually achieved by transferring a phosphate group from ATP via the action of a kinase. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
10742
Concept ID:
C0031715
Molecular Function
4.

Fibrosis

Any pathological condition where fibrous connective tissue invades any organ, usually as a consequence of inflammation or other injury. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
5179
Concept ID:
C0016059
Pathologic Function
5.

Bicarbonate

Inorganic salts that contain the -HCO3 radical. They are an important factor in determining the pH of the blood and the concentration of bicarbonate ions is regulated by the kidney. Levels in the blood are an index of the alkali reserve or buffering capacity. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
563
Concept ID:
C0005367
Inorganic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
6.

Inborn genetic diseases

Diseases that are caused by genetic mutations present during embryo or fetal development, although they may be observed later in life. The mutations may be inherited from a parent's genome or they may be acquired in utero. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
181981
Concept ID:
C0950123
Disease or Syndrome
7.

Diseases, Respiratory Tract

Diseases involving the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
19750
Concept ID:
C0035242
Disease or Syndrome
8.

Protein binding

The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
18704
Concept ID:
C0033618
Molecular Function
9.

Abnormality of the pancreas

A non-neoplastic or neoplastic disorder that affects the pancreas. Representative examples of non-neoplastic disorders include pancreatitis and pancreatic insufficiency. Representative examples of neoplastic disorders include cystadenomas, carcinomas, lymphomas, and neuroendocrine neoplasms. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
14583
Concept ID:
C0030286
Disease or Syndrome
10.

Neonatal disorder

A non-neoplastic or neoplastic disorder which occurs during the neonatal period. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
9460
Concept ID:
C0021290
Disease or Syndrome
11.

Disorder of lung

A non-neoplastic or neoplastic disorder affecting the lung. Representative examples of non-neoplastic disorders include chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and pneumonia. Representative examples of neoplastic disorders include benign processes (e.g., respiratory papilloma) and malignant processes (e.g., lung carcinoma and metastatic cancer to the lung). [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
7399
Concept ID:
C0024115
Disease or Syndrome
12.

Electrolyte

Substances that dissociate into two or more ions, to some extent, in water. Solutions of electrolytes thus conduct an electric current and can be decomposed by it (ELECTROLYSIS). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
3997
Concept ID:
C0013832
Inorganic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
13.

Carbonate

Salts or ions of the theoretical carbonic acid, containing the radical CO2(3-). Carbonates are readily decomposed by acids. The carbonates of the alkali metals are water-soluble; all others are insoluble. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
2829
Concept ID:
C0007026
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
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