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Items: 17

1.

Onset

The age group in which disease manifestations appear. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
64519
Concept ID:
C0206132
Quantitative Concept
2.

Intracranial Neoplasm

A tumor that occurs in the brain. [from NCI_NCI-GLOSS]

MedGen UID:
287152
Concept ID:
C1527390
Neoplastic Process
3.

Parkinson Disease, Juvenile

MedGen UID:
155699
Concept ID:
C0752105
Disease or Syndrome
4.

Retrovir

MedGen UID:
148523
Concept ID:
C0699576
Nucleic Acid, Nucleoside, or Nucleotide; Pharmacologic Substance
5.

Lipid Metabolism

Functions involved in the process by which fat in the diet is stored and broken down in the body. [from ICF]

MedGen UID:
108969
Concept ID:
C0598783
Molecular Function
6.

Neurodegenerative disease

Hereditary and sporadic conditions which are characterized by progressive nervous system dysfunction. These disorders are often associated with atrophy of the affected central or peripheral nervous system structures. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
101195
Concept ID:
C0524851
Disease or Syndrome
7.

Neoplasm of the central nervous system

A neoplasm of the central nervous system. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
88335
Concept ID:
C0085136
Neoplastic Process
8.

Parkinsonism

Characteristic neurologic anomaly resulting form degeneration of dopamine-generating cells in the substantia nigra, a region of the midbrain, characterized clinically by shaking, rigidity, slowness of movement and difficulty with walking and gait. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
66079
Concept ID:
C0242422
Disease or Syndrome
9.

Neoplasm of the nervous system

A tumor (abnormal growth of tissue) of the nervous system. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
45046
Concept ID:
C0027766
Neoplastic Process
10.

Unspecified encephalopathy

Encephalopathy is a term that means brain disease, damage, or malfunction. In general, encephalopathy is manifested by an altered mental state. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
39314
Concept ID:
C0085584
Disease or Syndrome
11.

Zidovudine

an antiviral drug used in the treatment of AIDS [from CHV]

MedGen UID:
21959
Concept ID:
C0043474
Nucleic Acid, Nucleoside, or Nucleotide; Pharmacologic Substance
12.

Neoplasm of brain

A brain tumor is a growth of abnormal cells in the tissues of the brain. Brain tumors can be benign, with no cancer cells, or malignant, with cancer cells that grow quickly. Some are primary brain tumors, which start in the brain. Others are metastatic, and they start somewhere else in the body and move to the brain. Brain tumors can cause many symptoms. Some of the most common are. -Headaches, often in the morning . -Nausea and vomiting. -Changes in your ability to talk, hear, or see. -Problems with balance or walking. -Problems with thinking or memory . -Feeling weak or sleepy. -Changes in your mood or behavior. -Seizures. Doctors diagnose brain tumors by doing a neurologic exam and tests including an MRI, CT scan, and biopsy. Treatment options include watchful waiting, surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and targeted therapy. Targeted therapy uses substances that attack cancer cells without harming normal cells. Many people get a combination of treatments. NIH: National Cancer Institute.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
14216
Concept ID:
C0006118
Neoplastic Process
13.

Disorder of brain

The brain is the control center of the body. It controls thoughts, memory, speech, and movement. It regulates the function of many organs. When the brain is healthy, it works quickly and automatically. However, when problems occur, the results can be devastating. . Inflammation in the brain can lead to problems such as vision loss, weakness and paralysis. Loss of brain cells, which happens if you suffer a stroke, can affect your ability to think clearly. Brain tumors can also press on nerves and affect brain function. Some brain diseases are genetic. And we do not know what causes some brain diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease. The symptoms of brain diseases vary widely depending on the specific problem. In some cases, damage is permanent. In other cases, treatments such as surgery, medicines, or physical therapy can correct the source of the problem or improve symptoms. .  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
14214
Concept ID:
C0006111
Disease or Syndrome
14.

Abnormality of the basal ganglia

Abnormality of the basal ganglia. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
14035
Concept ID:
C0004782
Disease or Syndrome
15.

Parkinson disease

Parkinsonism refers to all clinical states characterized by tremor, muscle rigidity, slowed movement (bradykinesia) and often postural instability. Parkinson disease is the primary and most common form of parkinsonism. Psychiatric manifestations, which include depression and visual hallucinations, are common but not uniformly present. Dementia eventually occurs in at least 20% of cases. The most common sporadic form of Parkinson disease manifests around age 60; however, young-onset and even juvenile presentations are seen. [from GeneReviews]

MedGen UID:
10590
Concept ID:
C0030567
Disease or Syndrome
16.

Movement disorders

Imagine if parts of your body moved when you didn't want them to. If you have a movement disorder, you experience these kinds of impaired movement. Dyskinesia is abnormal uncontrolled movement and is a common symptom of many movement disorders. Tremors are a type of dyskinesia. . Nerve diseases cause many movement disorders, such as Parkinson's disease. Other causes include injuries, autoimmune diseases, infections and certain medicines. Many movement disorders are inherited, which means they run in families. Treatment varies by disorder. Medicine can cure some disorders. Others get better when an underlying disease is treated. Often, however, there is no cure. In that case, the goal of treatment is to improve symptoms and relieve pain.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
10113
Concept ID:
C0026650
Disease or Syndrome
17.

Morphological abnormality of the central nervous system

A structural abnormality of the central nervous system. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
3306
Concept ID:
C0007682
Disease or Syndrome
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