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Items: 3

1.

Giardiasis

small bowel infection caused by a parasite named giardia lamblia [from CHV]

MedGen UID:
42213
Concept ID:
C0017536
Disease or Syndrome
2.

Cryptosporidiosis

Cryptosporidiosis (crypto) is an illness caused by a parasite. The parasite lives in soil, food, and water. It may also be on surfaces that have been contaminated with feces (poop). You can become infected by swallowing the parasite, if it is in your food, drinking water, or water that you swim in. You can also get it by touching your mouth with contaminated hands. The most common symptom of crypto is watery diarrhea. Other symptoms include. - Dehydration . -Weight loss . - Stomach cramps or pain . - Fever . - Nausea . - Vomiting . Contact your health care provider if you have watery diarrhea that lasts more than a few days. Most people with crypto get better without treatment within one to two weeks. But crypto can cause serious problems in people with weak immune systems, like those with HIV/AIDS. To reduce your risk of crypto, wash your hands often, only drink water that you know is safe, and wash or peel fresh fruits and vegetables before eating. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
41362
Concept ID:
C0010418
Disease or Syndrome
3.

nitazoxanide

A synthetic benzamide with antiprotozoal activity. Nitazoxanide exerts its antiprotozoal activity by interfering with the pyruvate ferredoxin/flavodoxin oxidoreductase dependent electron transfer reaction, which is essential to anaerobic energy metabolism. PFOR enzyme reduces nitazoxanide, thereby impairing the energy metabolism. However, interference with the PFOR enzyme-dependent electron transfer reaction may not be the only pathway by which nitazoxanide exhibits antiprotozoal activity. Nitazoxanide is active against Giardia lamblia and Cryptosporidium parvum. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
32266
Concept ID:
C0068788
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
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