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Items: 10

1.

Bronchiolitis

Inflammation of the BRONCHIOLES. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
14235
Concept ID:
C0006271
Disease or Syndrome
2.

Pneumonia

Pneumonia is an infection in one or both of the lungs. Many germs, such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi, can cause pneumonia. You can also get pneumonia by inhaling a liquid or chemical. People most at risk are older than 65 or younger than 2 years of age, or already have health problems. Symptoms of pneumonia vary from mild to severe. See your doctor promptly if you. -Have a high fever. -Have shaking chills. -Have a cough with phlegm that doesn't improve or gets worse. -Develop shortness of breath with normal daily activities. -Have chest pain when you breathe or cough. -Feel suddenly worse after a cold or the flu. Your doctor will use your medical history, a physical exam, and lab tests to diagnose pneumonia. Treatment depends on what kind you have. If bacteria are the cause, antibiotics should help. If you have viral pneumonia, your doctor may prescribe an antiviral medicine to treat it. Preventing pneumonia is always better than treating it. Vaccines are available to prevent pneumococcal pneumonia and the flu. Other preventive measures include washing your hands frequently and not smoking. NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
10813
Concept ID:
C0032285
Disease or Syndrome
3.

Asthma

Asthma is a chronic disease that affects your airways. Your airways are tubes that carry air in and out of your lungs. If you have asthma, the inside walls of your airways become sore and swollen. That makes them very sensitive, and they may react strongly to things that you are allergic to or find irritating. When your airways react, they get narrower and your lungs get less air. Symptoms of asthma include. -Wheezing. -Coughing, especially early in the morning or at night. -Chest tightness. -Shortness of breath. Not all people who have asthma have these symptoms. Having these symptoms doesn't always mean that you have asthma. Your doctor will diagnose asthma based on lung function tests, your medical history, and a physical exam. You may also have allergy tests. When your asthma symptoms become worse than usual, it's called an asthma attack. Severe asthma attacks may require emergency care, and they can be fatal. Asthma is treated with two kinds of medicines: quick-relief medicines to stop asthma symptoms and long-term control medicines to prevent symptoms. . NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
2109
Concept ID:
C0004096
Disease or Syndrome
4.

Asthma

Asthma is characterized by increased responsiveness of the tracheobronchial tree to multiple stimuli, leading to narrowing of the air passages with resultant dyspnea, cough, and wheezing. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
505101
Concept ID:
CN001900
Finding
5.

Asymptomatic

The finding of no indications of a particular disease or injury. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
65413
Concept ID:
C0231221
Finding
6.

Respiratory tract infection

Invasion of the host RESPIRATORY SYSTEM by microorganisms, usually leading to pathological processes or diseases. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
11199
Concept ID:
C0035243
Disease or Syndrome
7.

Obstructive lung disease

Obstruction of conducting airways of the lung. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
154671
Concept ID:
C0600260
Disease or Syndrome
8.

Abnormality of the bronchi

The bronchi are two tubes that branch off the trachea, or windpipe. The bronchi carry air to your lungs. The most common problem with the bronchi is bronchitis, an inflammation of the tubes. Bronchitis can be acute or chronic. Other problems include. -Bronchiectasis, a condition in which damage to the airways causes them to widen and become flabby and scarred. -Exercise-induced bronchospasm, which happens when the airways shrink while you are exercising. -Bronchiolitis, an inflammation of the small airways that branch off from the bronchi. -Bronchopulmonary dysplasia, a condition affecting infants. Treatment of bronchial disorders depends on the cause.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
14233
Concept ID:
C0006261
Disease or Syndrome
9.

Disorder of lung

When you breathe, your lungs take in oxygen from the air and deliver it to the bloodstream. The cells in your body need oxygen to work and grow. During a normal day, you breathe nearly 25,000 times. People with lung disease have difficulty breathing. Millions of people in the U.S. have lung disease. If all types of lung disease are lumped together, it is the number three killer in the United States. The term lung disease refers to many disorders affecting the lungs, such as asthma, COPD, infections like influenza, pneumonia and tuberculosis, lung cancer, and many other breathing problems. Some lung diseases can lead to respiratory failure. Dept. of Health and Human Services Office on Women's Health.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
7399
Concept ID:
C0024115
Disease or Syndrome
10.

Bronchitis

Bronchitis is an inflammation of the main air passages (bronchi) to your lungs. It causes a cough, shortness of breath and chest tightness. Coughing often brings up yellow or greenish mucus. There are two main types of bronchitis: acute and chronic. Acute bronchitis is often caused by the same viruses that cause colds. It usually starts as a sore throat, runny nose or sinus infection, then spreads to your airways. It can cause a lingering dry cough, but it usually goes away on its own. Chronic bronchitis is one type of COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). The inflamed bronchi produce a lot of mucus. This leads to cough and difficulty getting air in and out of the lungs. Cigarette smoking is the most common cause. Breathing in other fumes and dusts over a long period of time may also cause chronic bronchitis. Treatment will help your symptoms, but chronic bronchitis is a long-term condition that keeps coming back or never goes away completely.NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
2736
Concept ID:
C0006277
Disease or Syndrome
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