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Items: 1 to 20 of 25

1.

Immune status

Nonsusceptibility to the invasive or pathogenic effects of foreign microorganisms or to the toxic effect of antigenic substances. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
9426
Concept ID:
C0020964
Finding; Physiologic Function
2.

Anthrax

Anthrax is a disease caused by Bacillus anthracis, a germ that lives in soil. Many people know about it from the 2001 bioterror attacks. In the attacks, someone purposely spread anthrax through the U.S. mail. This killed five people and made 22 sick. . Anthrax is rare. It affects animals such as cattle, sheep, and goats more often than people. People can get anthrax from contact with infected animals, wool, meat, or hides. It can cause three forms of disease in people. They are. - Cutaneous, which affects the skin. People with cuts or open sores can get it if they touch the bacteria. . - Inhalation, which affects the lungs. You can get this if you breathe in spores of the bacteria. . - Gastrointestinal, which affects the digestive system. You can get it by eating infected meat. Antibiotics often cure anthrax if it is diagnosed early. But many people don't know they have anthrax until it is too late to treat. A vaccine to prevent anthrax is available for people in the military and others at high risk. . NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
8110
Concept ID:
C0003175
Disease or Syndrome
3.

Cholera

Cholera is a bacterial infection that causes diarrhea. The cholera bacterium is usually found in water or food contaminated by feces (poop). Cholera is rare in the US. You may get it if you travel to parts of the world with inadequate water treatment and poor sanitation, and lack of sewage treatment. Outbreaks can also happen after disasters. The disease is not likely to spread directly from one person to another. . Often the infection is mild or without symptoms, but sometimes it can be severe. Severe symptoms include profuse watery diarrhea, vomiting, and leg cramps. In severe cases, rapid loss of body fluids leads to dehydration and shock. Without treatment, death can occur within hours. . Doctors diagnose cholera with a stool sample or rectal swab. Treatment includes replacing fluid and salts and sometimes antibiotics. . Anyone who thinks they may have cholera should seek medical attention immediately. Dehydration can be rapid so fluid replacement is essential. . Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
40263
Concept ID:
C0008354
Disease or Syndrome
4.

Immunoglobulin A, Human

IgA is the immunoglobulin subclass that is associated with antibody-mediated mucosal immunity. It is secreted as dimers into the mucosa and is the most effective isotype at fixing complement by the alternative pathway, even though it lacks the ability to fix complement by the classical pathway. There are two subtypes in the human - IgA1 and IgA2. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
442957
Concept ID:
C2825347
Immunologic Factor; Pharmacologic Substance
5.

Anthrax Vaccines

anthrax vaccine.  [from HL7]

MedGen UID:
87633
Concept ID:
C0358297
Immunologic Factor; Pharmacologic Substance
6.

Antley-Bixler syndrome

MedGen UID:
75561
Concept ID:
C0265307
Congenital Abnormality; Disease or Syndrome
7.

Constricting bands, congenital

MedGen UID:
66322
Concept ID:
C0220724
Congenital Abnormality; Disease or Syndrome
8.

Vaccines

A Type of medicine that creates an immune protection without the recipient experiencing the disease.  [from HL7]

MedGen UID:
52963
Concept ID:
C0042210
Immunologic Factor; Pharmacologic Substance
9.

Immunoglobulin A

Represents 15-20% of the human serum immunoglobulins, mostly as the 4-chain polymer in humans or dimer in other mammals. Secretory IgA (IMMUNOGLOBULIN A, SECRETORY) is the main immunoglobulin in secretions. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
43820
Concept ID:
C0020835
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Immunologic Factor; Pharmacologic Substance
10.

Immunoglobulin G

The major immunoglobulin isotype class in normal human serum. There are several isotype subclasses of IgG, for example, IgG1, IgG2A, and IgG2B. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
9407
Concept ID:
C0020852
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Immunologic Factor; Pharmacologic Substance
11.

Charbon brand of activated charcoal

MedGen UID:
289013
Concept ID:
C1564679
Element, Ion, or Isotope; Pharmacologic Substance
12.

Immunomodulators

agents of both drug and biological origin often used in immunotherapy to stimulate, potentiate, or depress the immune response; also used to inhibit or enhance specific subclasses of immunocytes. [from CRISP]

MedGen UID:
282900
Concept ID:
C1527392
Immunologic Factor; Pharmacologic Substance
13.

Vaccines, DNA

Recombinant DNA vectors encoding antigens administered for the prevention or treatment of disease. The host cells take up the DNA, express the antigen, and present it to the immune system in a manner similar to that which would occur during natural infection. This induces humoral and cellular immune responses against the encoded antigens. The vector is called naked DNA because there is no need for complex formulations or delivery agents; the plasmid is injected in saline or other buffers. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
138230
Concept ID:
C0376613
Immunologic Factor; Nucleic Acid, Nucleoside, or Nucleotide; Pharmacologic Substance
14.

Immunoglobulins

there are two types of polypeptide chains responsible for the biological and immunological properties of the different immunoglobulins, the heavy chain and the light chain; they are linked by covalent and non-covalent forces to give a four-chain Y-shaped structure based on pairs of identical heavy and light chains; each chain consists of a variable region and a constant region which are coded for by different genes; some immunoglobulin classes occur as polymers of this basic monomer. [from CRISP]

MedGen UID:
43841
Concept ID:
C0021027
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Immunologic Factor; Pharmacologic Substance
15.

Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections

Infections caused by bacteria that retain the crystal violet stain (positive) when treated by the gram-staining method. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
39283
Concept ID:
C0085426
Disease or Syndrome
16.

Bacillaceae Infections

Infections with bacteria of the family BACILLACEAE. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
39271
Concept ID:
C0085389
Disease or Syndrome
17.

Vaccines, Synthetic

Small synthetic peptides that mimic surface antigens of pathogens and are immunogenic, or vaccines manufactured with the aid of recombinant DNA techniques. The latter vaccines may also be whole viruses whose nucleic acids have been modified. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
22601
Concept ID:
C0042213
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Immunologic Factor; Pharmacologic Substance
18.

Bacterial Infections

Bacteria are living things that have only one cell. Under a microscope, they look like balls, rods, or spirals. They are so small that a line of 1,000 could fit across a pencil eraser. Most bacteria won't hurt you - less than 1 percent of the different types make people sick. Many are helpful. Some bacteria help to digest food, destroy disease-causing cells, and give the body needed vitamins. Bacteria are also used in making healthy foods like yogurt and cheese. But infectious bacteria can make you ill. They reproduce quickly in your body. Many give off chemicals called toxins, which can damage tissue and make you sick. Examples of bacteria that cause infections include Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, and E. coli. Antibiotics are the usual treatment. When you take antibiotics, follow the directions carefully. Each time you take antibiotics, you increase the chances that bacteria in your body will learn to resist them causing antibiotic resistance. Later, you could get or spread an infection that those antibiotics cannot cure. NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
14012
Concept ID:
C0004623
Disease or Syndrome
19.

Artificial antigen

small synthetic peptides that mimic surface antigens of pathogens and are immunogenic. [from CRISP]

MedGen UID:
11692
Concept ID:
C0039115
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Immunologic Factor; Pharmacologic Substance
20.

Vaccines, Recombinant

MedGen UID:
11144
Concept ID:
C0034862
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Immunologic Factor; Pharmacologic Substance
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