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Items: 4

1.

Spironolactone

A potassium sparing diuretic that acts by antagonism of aldosterone in the distal renal tubules. It is used mainly in the treatment of refractory edema in patients with congestive heart failure, nephrotic syndrome, or hepatic cirrhosis. Its effects on the endocrine system are utilized in the treatments of hirsutism and acne but they can lead to adverse effects. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p827) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
52464
Concept ID:
C0037982
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance; Steroid
2.

Nevus

Moles are growths on the skin. They happen when pigment cells in the skin, called melanocytes, grow in clusters. Moles are very common. Most people have between 10 and 40 moles. A person may develop new moles from time to time, usually until about age 40. In older people, they tend to fade away. Moles are usually pink, tan or brown. They can be flat or raised. They are usually round or oval and no larger than a pencil eraser. About one out of every ten people has at least one unusual (or atypical) mole that looks different from an ordinary mole. They are called dysplastic nevi. They may be more likely than ordinary moles to develop into melanoma, a type of skin cancer. You should have a health care professional check your moles if they look unusual, grow larger, change in color or outline, or in any other way. NIH: National Cancer Institute.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
45074
Concept ID:
C0027960
Neoplastic Process
3.

Hypoplasia

Incomplete or arrested development of an organ or a part [from CHV]

MedGen UID:
537146
Concept ID:
C0243069
Pathologic Function
4.

Breast hypoplasia

Underdevelopment of the breast. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
75594
Concept ID:
C0266013
Congenital Abnormality
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